original development tree for Linux kernel GTP module; now long in mainline.
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/*
* Virtio balloon implementation, inspired by Dor Laor and Marcelo
* Tosatti's implementations.
*
* Copyright 2008 Rusty Russell IBM Corporation
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/
#include <linux/virtio.h>
#include <linux/virtio_balloon.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
struct virtio_balloon
{
struct virtio_device *vdev;
struct virtqueue *inflate_vq, *deflate_vq, *stats_vq;
/* Where the ballooning thread waits for config to change. */
wait_queue_head_t config_change;
/* The thread servicing the balloon. */
struct task_struct *thread;
/* Waiting for host to ack the pages we released. */
struct completion acked;
/* The pages we've told the Host we're not using. */
unsigned int num_pages;
struct list_head pages;
/* The array of pfns we tell the Host about. */
unsigned int num_pfns;
u32 pfns[256];
/* Memory statistics */
int need_stats_update;
struct virtio_balloon_stat stats[VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_NR];
};
static struct virtio_device_id id_table[] = {
{ VIRTIO_ID_BALLOON, VIRTIO_DEV_ANY_ID },
{ 0 },
};
static u32 page_to_balloon_pfn(struct page *page)
{
unsigned long pfn = page_to_pfn(page);
BUILD_BUG_ON(PAGE_SHIFT < VIRTIO_BALLOON_PFN_SHIFT);
/* Convert pfn from Linux page size to balloon page size. */
return pfn >> (PAGE_SHIFT - VIRTIO_BALLOON_PFN_SHIFT);
}
static void balloon_ack(struct virtqueue *vq)
{
struct virtio_balloon *vb;
unsigned int len;
vb = virtqueue_get_buf(vq, &len);
if (vb)
complete(&vb->acked);
}
static void tell_host(struct virtio_balloon *vb, struct virtqueue *vq)
{
struct scatterlist sg;
sg_init_one(&sg, vb->pfns, sizeof(vb->pfns[0]) * vb->num_pfns);
init_completion(&vb->acked);
/* We should always be able to add one buffer to an empty queue. */
if (virtqueue_add_buf(vq, &sg, 1, 0, vb, GFP_KERNEL) < 0)
BUG();
virtqueue_kick(vq);
/* When host has read buffer, this completes via balloon_ack */
wait_for_completion(&vb->acked);
}
static void fill_balloon(struct virtio_balloon *vb, size_t num)
{
/* We can only do one array worth at a time. */
num = min(num, ARRAY_SIZE(vb->pfns));
for (vb->num_pfns = 0; vb->num_pfns < num; vb->num_pfns++) {
struct page *page = alloc_page(GFP_HIGHUSER | __GFP_NORETRY |
__GFP_NOMEMALLOC | __GFP_NOWARN);
if (!page) {
if (printk_ratelimit())
dev_printk(KERN_INFO, &vb->vdev->dev,
"Out of puff! Can't get %zu pages\n",
num);
/* Sleep for at least 1/5 of a second before retry. */
msleep(200);
break;
}
vb->pfns[vb->num_pfns] = page_to_balloon_pfn(page);
totalram_pages--;
vb->num_pages++;
list_add(&page->lru, &vb->pages);
}
/* Didn't get any? Oh well. */
if (vb->num_pfns == 0)
return;
tell_host(vb, vb->inflate_vq);
}
static void release_pages_by_pfn(const u32 pfns[], unsigned int num)
{
unsigned int i;
for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
__free_page(pfn_to_page(pfns[i]));
totalram_pages++;
}
}
static void leak_balloon(struct virtio_balloon *vb, size_t num)
{
struct page *page;
/* We can only do one array worth at a time. */
num = min(num, ARRAY_SIZE(vb->pfns));
for (vb->num_pfns = 0; vb->num_pfns < num; vb->num_pfns++) {
page = list_first_entry(&vb->pages, struct page, lru);
list_del(&page->lru);
vb->pfns[vb->num_pfns] = page_to_balloon_pfn(page);
vb->num_pages--;
}
/*
* Note that if
* virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_MUST_TELL_HOST);
* is true, we *have* to do it in this order
*/
tell_host(vb, vb->deflate_vq);
release_pages_by_pfn(vb->pfns, vb->num_pfns);
}
static inline void update_stat(struct virtio_balloon *vb, int idx,
u16 tag, u64 val)
{
BUG_ON(idx >= VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_NR);
vb->stats[idx].tag = tag;
vb->stats[idx].val = val;
}
#define pages_to_bytes(x) ((u64)(x) << PAGE_SHIFT)
static void update_balloon_stats(struct virtio_balloon *vb)
{
unsigned long events[NR_VM_EVENT_ITEMS];
struct sysinfo i;
int idx = 0;
all_vm_events(events);
si_meminfo(&i);
update_stat(vb, idx++, VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_SWAP_IN,
pages_to_bytes(events[PSWPIN]));
update_stat(vb, idx++, VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_SWAP_OUT,
pages_to_bytes(events[PSWPOUT]));
update_stat(vb, idx++, VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_MAJFLT, events[PGMAJFAULT]);
update_stat(vb, idx++, VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_MINFLT, events[PGFAULT]);
update_stat(vb, idx++, VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_MEMFREE,
pages_to_bytes(i.freeram));
update_stat(vb, idx++, VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_MEMTOT,
pages_to_bytes(i.totalram));
}
/*
* While most virtqueues communicate guest-initiated requests to the hypervisor,
* the stats queue operates in reverse. The driver initializes the virtqueue
* with a single buffer. From that point forward, all conversations consist of
* a hypervisor request (a call to this function) which directs us to refill
* the virtqueue with a fresh stats buffer. Since stats collection can sleep,
* we notify our kthread which does the actual work via stats_handle_request().
*/
static void stats_request(struct virtqueue *vq)
{
struct virtio_balloon *vb;
unsigned int len;
vb = virtqueue_get_buf(vq, &len);
if (!vb)
return;
vb->need_stats_update = 1;
wake_up(&vb->config_change);
}
static void stats_handle_request(struct virtio_balloon *vb)
{
struct virtqueue *vq;
struct scatterlist sg;
vb->need_stats_update = 0;
update_balloon_stats(vb);
vq = vb->stats_vq;
sg_init_one(&sg, vb->stats, sizeof(vb->stats));
if (virtqueue_add_buf(vq, &sg, 1, 0, vb, GFP_KERNEL) < 0)
BUG();
virtqueue_kick(vq);
}
static void virtballoon_changed(struct virtio_device *vdev)
{
struct virtio_balloon *vb = vdev->priv;
wake_up(&vb->config_change);
}
static inline s64 towards_target(struct virtio_balloon *vb)
{
u32 v;
vb->vdev->config->get(vb->vdev,
offsetof(struct virtio_balloon_config, num_pages),
&v, sizeof(v));
return (s64)v - vb->num_pages;
}
static void update_balloon_size(struct virtio_balloon *vb)
{
__le32 actual = cpu_to_le32(vb->num_pages);
vb->vdev->config->set(vb->vdev,
offsetof(struct virtio_balloon_config, actual),
&actual, sizeof(actual));
}
static int balloon(void *_vballoon)
{
struct virtio_balloon *vb = _vballoon;
set_freezable();
while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
s64 diff;
try_to_freeze();
wait_event_interruptible(vb->config_change,
(diff = towards_target(vb)) != 0
|| vb->need_stats_update
|| kthread_should_stop()
|| freezing(current));
if (vb->need_stats_update)
stats_handle_request(vb);
if (diff > 0)
fill_balloon(vb, diff);
else if (diff < 0)
leak_balloon(vb, -diff);
update_balloon_size(vb);
}
return 0;
}
static int init_vqs(struct virtio_balloon *vb)
{
struct virtqueue *vqs[3];
vq_callback_t *callbacks[] = { balloon_ack, balloon_ack, stats_request };
const char *names[] = { "inflate", "deflate", "stats" };
int err, nvqs;
/*
* We expect two virtqueues: inflate and deflate, and
* optionally stat.
*/
nvqs = virtio_has_feature(vb->vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_STATS_VQ) ? 3 : 2;
err = vb->vdev->config->find_vqs(vb->vdev, nvqs, vqs, callbacks, names);
if (err)
return err;
vb->inflate_vq = vqs[0];
vb->deflate_vq = vqs[1];
if (virtio_has_feature(vb->vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_STATS_VQ)) {
struct scatterlist sg;
vb->stats_vq = vqs[2];
/*
* Prime this virtqueue with one buffer so the hypervisor can
* use it to signal us later.
*/
sg_init_one(&sg, vb->stats, sizeof vb->stats);
if (virtqueue_add_buf(vb->stats_vq, &sg, 1, 0, vb, GFP_KERNEL)
< 0)
BUG();
virtqueue_kick(vb->stats_vq);
}
return 0;
}
static int virtballoon_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
{
struct virtio_balloon *vb;
int err;
vdev->priv = vb = kmalloc(sizeof(*vb), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!vb) {
err = -ENOMEM;
goto out;
}
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vb->pages);
vb->num_pages = 0;
init_waitqueue_head(&vb->config_change);
vb->vdev = vdev;
vb->need_stats_update = 0;
err = init_vqs(vb);
if (err)
goto out_free_vb;
vb->thread = kthread_run(balloon, vb, "vballoon");
if (IS_ERR(vb->thread)) {
err = PTR_ERR(vb->thread);
goto out_del_vqs;
}
return 0;
out_del_vqs:
vdev->config->del_vqs(vdev);
out_free_vb:
kfree(vb);
out:
return err;
}
static void __devexit virtballoon_remove(struct virtio_device *vdev)
{
struct virtio_balloon *vb = vdev->priv;
kthread_stop(vb->thread);
/* There might be pages left in the balloon: free them. */
while (vb->num_pages)
leak_balloon(vb, vb->num_pages);
/* Now we reset the device so we can clean up the queues. */
vdev->config->reset(vdev);
vdev->config->del_vqs(vdev);
kfree(vb);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_PM
static int virtballoon_freeze(struct virtio_device *vdev)
{
struct virtio_balloon *vb = vdev->priv;
/*
* The kthread is already frozen by the PM core before this
* function is called.
*/
while (vb->num_pages)
leak_balloon(vb, vb->num_pages);
update_balloon_size(vb);
/* Ensure we don't get any more requests from the host */
vdev->config->reset(vdev);
vdev->config->del_vqs(vdev);
return 0;
}
static int restore_common(struct virtio_device *vdev)
{
struct virtio_balloon *vb = vdev->priv;
int ret;
ret = init_vqs(vdev->priv);
if (ret)
return ret;
fill_balloon(vb, towards_target(vb));
update_balloon_size(vb);
return 0;
}
static int virtballoon_restore(struct virtio_device *vdev)
{
return restore_common(vdev);
}
#endif
static unsigned int features[] = {
VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_MUST_TELL_HOST,
VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_STATS_VQ,
};
static struct virtio_driver virtio_balloon_driver = {
.feature_table = features,
.feature_table_size = ARRAY_SIZE(features),
.driver.name = KBUILD_MODNAME,
.driver.owner = THIS_MODULE,
.id_table = id_table,
.probe = virtballoon_probe,
.remove = __devexit_p(virtballoon_remove),
.config_changed = virtballoon_changed,
#ifdef CONFIG_PM
.freeze = virtballoon_freeze,
.restore = virtballoon_restore,
#endif
};
static int __init init(void)
{
return register_virtio_driver(&virtio_balloon_driver);
}
static void __exit fini(void)
{
unregister_virtio_driver(&virtio_balloon_driver);
}
module_init(init);
module_exit(fini);
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(virtio, id_table);
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Virtio balloon driver");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");