original development tree for Linux kernel GTP module; now long in mainline.
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/* Basic authentication token and access key management
*
* Copyright (C) 2004-2008 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
* Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
* as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
* 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*/
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/poison.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>
#include <linux/random.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include "internal.h"
struct kmem_cache *key_jar;
struct rb_root key_serial_tree; /* tree of keys indexed by serial */
DEFINE_SPINLOCK(key_serial_lock);
struct rb_root key_user_tree; /* tree of quota records indexed by UID */
DEFINE_SPINLOCK(key_user_lock);
unsigned int key_quota_root_maxkeys = 200; /* root's key count quota */
unsigned int key_quota_root_maxbytes = 20000; /* root's key space quota */
unsigned int key_quota_maxkeys = 200; /* general key count quota */
unsigned int key_quota_maxbytes = 20000; /* general key space quota */
static LIST_HEAD(key_types_list);
static DECLARE_RWSEM(key_types_sem);
/* We serialise key instantiation and link */
DEFINE_MUTEX(key_construction_mutex);
#ifdef KEY_DEBUGGING
void __key_check(const struct key *key)
{
printk("__key_check: key %p {%08x} should be {%08x}\n",
key, key->magic, KEY_DEBUG_MAGIC);
BUG();
}
#endif
/*
* Get the key quota record for a user, allocating a new record if one doesn't
* already exist.
*/
struct key_user *key_user_lookup(kuid_t uid)
{
struct key_user *candidate = NULL, *user;
struct rb_node *parent = NULL;
struct rb_node **p;
try_again:
p = &key_user_tree.rb_node;
spin_lock(&key_user_lock);
/* search the tree for a user record with a matching UID */
while (*p) {
parent = *p;
user = rb_entry(parent, struct key_user, node);
if (uid_lt(uid, user->uid))
p = &(*p)->rb_left;
else if (uid_gt(uid, user->uid))
p = &(*p)->rb_right;
else
goto found;
}
/* if we get here, we failed to find a match in the tree */
if (!candidate) {
/* allocate a candidate user record if we don't already have
* one */
spin_unlock(&key_user_lock);
user = NULL;
candidate = kmalloc(sizeof(struct key_user), GFP_KERNEL);
if (unlikely(!candidate))
goto out;
/* the allocation may have scheduled, so we need to repeat the
* search lest someone else added the record whilst we were
* asleep */
goto try_again;
}
/* if we get here, then the user record still hadn't appeared on the
* second pass - so we use the candidate record */
atomic_set(&candidate->usage, 1);
atomic_set(&candidate->nkeys, 0);
atomic_set(&candidate->nikeys, 0);
candidate->uid = uid;
candidate->qnkeys = 0;
candidate->qnbytes = 0;
spin_lock_init(&candidate->lock);
mutex_init(&candidate->cons_lock);
rb_link_node(&candidate->node, parent, p);
rb_insert_color(&candidate->node, &key_user_tree);
spin_unlock(&key_user_lock);
user = candidate;
goto out;
/* okay - we found a user record for this UID */
found:
atomic_inc(&user->usage);
spin_unlock(&key_user_lock);
kfree(candidate);
out:
return user;
}
/*
* Dispose of a user structure
*/
void key_user_put(struct key_user *user)
{
if (atomic_dec_and_lock(&user->usage, &key_user_lock)) {
rb_erase(&user->node, &key_user_tree);
spin_unlock(&key_user_lock);
kfree(user);
}
}
/*
* Allocate a serial number for a key. These are assigned randomly to avoid
* security issues through covert channel problems.
*/
static inline void key_alloc_serial(struct key *key)
{
struct rb_node *parent, **p;
struct key *xkey;
/* propose a random serial number and look for a hole for it in the
* serial number tree */
do {
get_random_bytes(&key->serial, sizeof(key->serial));
key->serial >>= 1; /* negative numbers are not permitted */
} while (key->serial < 3);
spin_lock(&key_serial_lock);
attempt_insertion:
parent = NULL;
p = &key_serial_tree.rb_node;
while (*p) {
parent = *p;
xkey = rb_entry(parent, struct key, serial_node);
if (key->serial < xkey->serial)
p = &(*p)->rb_left;
else if (key->serial > xkey->serial)
p = &(*p)->rb_right;
else
goto serial_exists;
}
/* we've found a suitable hole - arrange for this key to occupy it */
rb_link_node(&key->serial_node, parent, p);
rb_insert_color(&key->serial_node, &key_serial_tree);
spin_unlock(&key_serial_lock);
return;
/* we found a key with the proposed serial number - walk the tree from
* that point looking for the next unused serial number */
serial_exists:
for (;;) {
key->serial++;
if (key->serial < 3) {
key->serial = 3;
goto attempt_insertion;
}
parent = rb_next(parent);
if (!parent)
goto attempt_insertion;
xkey = rb_entry(parent, struct key, serial_node);
if (key->serial < xkey->serial)
goto attempt_insertion;
}
}
/**
* key_alloc - Allocate a key of the specified type.
* @type: The type of key to allocate.
* @desc: The key description to allow the key to be searched out.
* @uid: The owner of the new key.
* @gid: The group ID for the new key's group permissions.
* @cred: The credentials specifying UID namespace.
* @perm: The permissions mask of the new key.
* @flags: Flags specifying quota properties.
*
* Allocate a key of the specified type with the attributes given. The key is
* returned in an uninstantiated state and the caller needs to instantiate the
* key before returning.
*
* The user's key count quota is updated to reflect the creation of the key and
* the user's key data quota has the default for the key type reserved. The
* instantiation function should amend this as necessary. If insufficient
* quota is available, -EDQUOT will be returned.
*
* The LSM security modules can prevent a key being created, in which case
* -EACCES will be returned.
*
* Returns a pointer to the new key if successful and an error code otherwise.
*
* Note that the caller needs to ensure the key type isn't uninstantiated.
* Internally this can be done by locking key_types_sem. Externally, this can
* be done by either never unregistering the key type, or making sure
* key_alloc() calls don't race with module unloading.
*/
struct key *key_alloc(struct key_type *type, const char *desc,
kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, const struct cred *cred,
key_perm_t perm, unsigned long flags)
{
struct key_user *user = NULL;
struct key *key;
size_t desclen, quotalen;
int ret;
key = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
if (!desc || !*desc)
goto error;
if (type->vet_description) {
ret = type->vet_description(desc);
if (ret < 0) {
key = ERR_PTR(ret);
goto error;
}
}
desclen = strlen(desc) + 1;
quotalen = desclen + type->def_datalen;
/* get hold of the key tracking for this user */
user = key_user_lookup(uid);
if (!user)
goto no_memory_1;
/* check that the user's quota permits allocation of another key and
* its description */
if (!(flags & KEY_ALLOC_NOT_IN_QUOTA)) {
unsigned maxkeys = uid_eq(uid, GLOBAL_ROOT_UID) ?
key_quota_root_maxkeys : key_quota_maxkeys;
unsigned maxbytes = uid_eq(uid, GLOBAL_ROOT_UID) ?
key_quota_root_maxbytes : key_quota_maxbytes;
spin_lock(&user->lock);
if (!(flags & KEY_ALLOC_QUOTA_OVERRUN)) {
if (user->qnkeys + 1 >= maxkeys ||
user->qnbytes + quotalen >= maxbytes ||
user->qnbytes + quotalen < user->qnbytes)
goto no_quota;
}
user->qnkeys++;
user->qnbytes += quotalen;
spin_unlock(&user->lock);
}
/* allocate and initialise the key and its description */
key = kmem_cache_alloc(key_jar, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!key)
goto no_memory_2;
if (desc) {
key->description = kmemdup(desc, desclen, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!key->description)
goto no_memory_3;
}
atomic_set(&key->usage, 1);
init_rwsem(&key->sem);
lockdep_set_class(&key->sem, &type->lock_class);
key->type = type;
key->user = user;
key->quotalen = quotalen;
key->datalen = type->def_datalen;
key->uid = uid;
key->gid = gid;
key->perm = perm;
key->flags = 0;
key->expiry = 0;
key->payload.data = NULL;
key->security = NULL;
if (!(flags & KEY_ALLOC_NOT_IN_QUOTA))
key->flags |= 1 << KEY_FLAG_IN_QUOTA;
memset(&key->type_data, 0, sizeof(key->type_data));
#ifdef KEY_DEBUGGING
key->magic = KEY_DEBUG_MAGIC;
#endif
/* let the security module know about the key */
ret = security_key_alloc(key, cred, flags);
if (ret < 0)
goto security_error;
/* publish the key by giving it a serial number */
atomic_inc(&user->nkeys);
key_alloc_serial(key);
error:
return key;
security_error:
kfree(key->description);
kmem_cache_free(key_jar, key);
if (!(flags & KEY_ALLOC_NOT_IN_QUOTA)) {
spin_lock(&user->lock);
user->qnkeys--;
user->qnbytes -= quotalen;
spin_unlock(&user->lock);
}
key_user_put(user);
key = ERR_PTR(ret);
goto error;
no_memory_3:
kmem_cache_free(key_jar, key);
no_memory_2:
if (!(flags & KEY_ALLOC_NOT_IN_QUOTA)) {
spin_lock(&user->lock);
user->qnkeys--;
user->qnbytes -= quotalen;
spin_unlock(&user->lock);
}
key_user_put(user);
no_memory_1:
key = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
goto error;
no_quota:
spin_unlock(&user->lock);
key_user_put(user);
key = ERR_PTR(-EDQUOT);
goto error;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(key_alloc);
/**
* key_payload_reserve - Adjust data quota reservation for the key's payload
* @key: The key to make the reservation for.
* @datalen: The amount of data payload the caller now wants.
*
* Adjust the amount of the owning user's key data quota that a key reserves.
* If the amount is increased, then -EDQUOT may be returned if there isn't
* enough free quota available.
*
* If successful, 0 is returned.
*/
int key_payload_reserve(struct key *key, size_t datalen)
{
int delta = (int)datalen - key->datalen;
int ret = 0;
key_check(key);
/* contemplate the quota adjustment */
if (delta != 0 && test_bit(KEY_FLAG_IN_QUOTA, &key->flags)) {
unsigned maxbytes = uid_eq(key->user->uid, GLOBAL_ROOT_UID) ?
key_quota_root_maxbytes : key_quota_maxbytes;
spin_lock(&key->user->lock);
if (delta > 0 &&
(key->user->qnbytes + delta >= maxbytes ||
key->user->qnbytes + delta < key->user->qnbytes)) {
ret = -EDQUOT;
}
else {
key->user->qnbytes += delta;
key->quotalen += delta;
}
spin_unlock(&key->user->lock);
}
/* change the recorded data length if that didn't generate an error */
if (ret == 0)
key->datalen = datalen;
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(key_payload_reserve);
/*
* Instantiate a key and link it into the target keyring atomically. Must be
* called with the target keyring's semaphore writelocked. The target key's
* semaphore need not be locked as instantiation is serialised by
* key_construction_mutex.
*/
static int __key_instantiate_and_link(struct key *key,
const void *data,
size_t datalen,
struct key *keyring,
struct key *authkey,
unsigned long *_prealloc)
{
int ret, awaken;
key_check(key);
key_check(keyring);
awaken = 0;
ret = -EBUSY;
mutex_lock(&key_construction_mutex);
/* can't instantiate twice */
if (!test_bit(KEY_FLAG_INSTANTIATED, &key->flags)) {
/* instantiate the key */
ret = key->type->instantiate(key, data, datalen);
if (ret == 0) {
/* mark the key as being instantiated */
atomic_inc(&key->user->nikeys);
set_bit(KEY_FLAG_INSTANTIATED, &key->flags);
if (test_and_clear_bit(KEY_FLAG_USER_CONSTRUCT, &key->flags))
awaken = 1;
/* and link it into the destination keyring */
if (keyring)
__key_link(keyring, key, _prealloc);
/* disable the authorisation key */
if (authkey)
key_revoke(authkey);
}
}
mutex_unlock(&key_construction_mutex);
/* wake up anyone waiting for a key to be constructed */
if (awaken)
wake_up_bit(&key->flags, KEY_FLAG_USER_CONSTRUCT);
return ret;
}
/**
* key_instantiate_and_link - Instantiate a key and link it into the keyring.
* @key: The key to instantiate.
* @data: The data to use to instantiate the keyring.
* @datalen: The length of @data.
* @keyring: Keyring to create a link in on success (or NULL).
* @authkey: The authorisation token permitting instantiation.
*
* Instantiate a key that's in the uninstantiated state using the provided data
* and, if successful, link it in to the destination keyring if one is
* supplied.
*
* If successful, 0 is returned, the authorisation token is revoked and anyone
* waiting for the key is woken up. If the key was already instantiated,
* -EBUSY will be returned.
*/
int key_instantiate_and_link(struct key *key,
const void *data,
size_t datalen,
struct key *keyring,
struct key *authkey)
{
unsigned long prealloc;
int ret;
if (keyring) {
ret = __key_link_begin(keyring, key->type, key->description,
&prealloc);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
}
ret = __key_instantiate_and_link(key, data, datalen, keyring, authkey,
&prealloc);
if (keyring)
__key_link_end(keyring, key->type, prealloc);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(key_instantiate_and_link);
/**
* key_reject_and_link - Negatively instantiate a key and link it into the keyring.
* @key: The key to instantiate.
* @timeout: The timeout on the negative key.
* @error: The error to return when the key is hit.
* @keyring: Keyring to create a link in on success (or NULL).
* @authkey: The authorisation token permitting instantiation.
*
* Negatively instantiate a key that's in the uninstantiated state and, if
* successful, set its timeout and stored error and link it in to the
* destination keyring if one is supplied. The key and any links to the key
* will be automatically garbage collected after the timeout expires.
*
* Negative keys are used to rate limit repeated request_key() calls by causing
* them to return the stored error code (typically ENOKEY) until the negative
* key expires.
*
* If successful, 0 is returned, the authorisation token is revoked and anyone
* waiting for the key is woken up. If the key was already instantiated,
* -EBUSY will be returned.
*/
int key_reject_and_link(struct key *key,
unsigned timeout,
unsigned error,
struct key *keyring,
struct key *authkey)
{
unsigned long prealloc;
struct timespec now;
int ret, awaken, link_ret = 0;
key_check(key);
key_check(keyring);
awaken = 0;
ret = -EBUSY;
if (keyring)
link_ret = __key_link_begin(keyring, key->type,
key->description, &prealloc);
mutex_lock(&key_construction_mutex);
/* can't instantiate twice */
if (!test_bit(KEY_FLAG_INSTANTIATED, &key->flags)) {
/* mark the key as being negatively instantiated */
atomic_inc(&key->user->nikeys);
set_bit(KEY_FLAG_NEGATIVE, &key->flags);
set_bit(KEY_FLAG_INSTANTIATED, &key->flags);
key->type_data.reject_error = -error;
now = current_kernel_time();
key->expiry = now.tv_sec + timeout;
key_schedule_gc(key->expiry + key_gc_delay);
if (test_and_clear_bit(KEY_FLAG_USER_CONSTRUCT, &key->flags))
awaken = 1;
ret = 0;
/* and link it into the destination keyring */
if (keyring && link_ret == 0)
__key_link(keyring, key, &prealloc);
/* disable the authorisation key */
if (authkey)
key_revoke(authkey);
}
mutex_unlock(&key_construction_mutex);
if (keyring)
__key_link_end(keyring, key->type, prealloc);
/* wake up anyone waiting for a key to be constructed */
if (awaken)
wake_up_bit(&key->flags, KEY_FLAG_USER_CONSTRUCT);
return ret == 0 ? link_ret : ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(key_reject_and_link);
/**
* key_put - Discard a reference to a key.
* @key: The key to discard a reference from.
*
* Discard a reference to a key, and when all the references are gone, we
* schedule the cleanup task to come and pull it out of the tree in process
* context at some later time.
*/
void key_put(struct key *key)
{
if (key) {
key_check(key);
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&key->usage))
queue_work(system_nrt_wq, &key_gc_work);
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(key_put);
/*
* Find a key by its serial number.
*/
struct key *key_lookup(key_serial_t id)
{
struct rb_node *n;
struct key *key;
spin_lock(&key_serial_lock);
/* search the tree for the specified key */
n = key_serial_tree.rb_node;
while (n) {
key = rb_entry(n, struct key, serial_node);
if (id < key->serial)
n = n->rb_left;
else if (id > key->serial)
n = n->rb_right;
else
goto found;
}
not_found:
key = ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY);
goto error;
found:
/* pretend it doesn't exist if it is awaiting deletion */
if (atomic_read(&key->usage) == 0)
goto not_found;
/* this races with key_put(), but that doesn't matter since key_put()
* doesn't actually change the key
*/
atomic_inc(&key->usage);
error:
spin_unlock(&key_serial_lock);
return key;
}
/*
* Find and lock the specified key type against removal.
*
* We return with the sem read-locked if successful. If the type wasn't
* available -ENOKEY is returned instead.
*/
struct key_type *key_type_lookup(const char *type)
{
struct key_type *ktype;
down_read(&key_types_sem);
/* look up the key type to see if it's one of the registered kernel
* types */
list_for_each_entry(ktype, &key_types_list, link) {
if (strcmp(ktype->name, type) == 0)
goto found_kernel_type;
}
up_read(&key_types_sem);
ktype = ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY);
found_kernel_type:
return ktype;
}
void key_set_timeout(struct key *key, unsigned timeout)
{
struct timespec now;
time_t expiry = 0;
/* make the changes with the locks held to prevent races */
down_write(&key->sem);
if (timeout > 0) {
now = current_kernel_time();
expiry = now.tv_sec + timeout;
}
key->expiry = expiry;
key_schedule_gc(key->expiry + key_gc_delay);
up_write(&key->sem);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(key_set_timeout);
/*
* Unlock a key type locked by key_type_lookup().
*/
void key_type_put(struct key_type *ktype)
{
up_read(&key_types_sem);
}
/*
* Attempt to update an existing key.
*
* The key is given to us with an incremented refcount that we need to discard
* if we get an error.
*/
static inline key_ref_t __key_update(key_ref_t key_ref,
const void *payload, size_t plen)
{
struct key *key = key_ref_to_ptr(key_ref);
int ret;
/* need write permission on the key to update it */
ret = key_permission(key_ref, KEY_WRITE);
if (ret < 0)
goto error;
ret = -EEXIST;
if (!key->type->update)
goto error;
down_write(&key->sem);
ret = key->type->update(key, payload, plen);
if (ret == 0)
/* updating a negative key instantiates it */
clear_bit(KEY_FLAG_NEGATIVE, &key->flags);
up_write(&key->sem);
if (ret < 0)
goto error;
out:
return key_ref;
error:
key_put(key);
key_ref = ERR_PTR(ret);
goto out;
}
/**
* key_create_or_update - Update or create and instantiate a key.
* @keyring_ref: A pointer to the destination keyring with possession flag.
* @type: The type of key.
* @description: The searchable description for the key.
* @payload: The data to use to instantiate or update the key.
* @plen: The length of @payload.
* @perm: The permissions mask for a new key.
* @flags: The quota flags for a new key.
*
* Search the destination keyring for a key of the same description and if one
* is found, update it, otherwise create and instantiate a new one and create a
* link to it from that keyring.
*
* If perm is KEY_PERM_UNDEF then an appropriate key permissions mask will be
* concocted.
*
* Returns a pointer to the new key if successful, -ENODEV if the key type
* wasn't available, -ENOTDIR if the keyring wasn't a keyring, -EACCES if the
* caller isn't permitted to modify the keyring or the LSM did not permit
* creation of the key.
*
* On success, the possession flag from the keyring ref will be tacked on to
* the key ref before it is returned.
*/
key_ref_t key_create_or_update(key_ref_t keyring_ref,
const char *type,
const char *description,
const void *payload,
size_t plen,
key_perm_t perm,
unsigned long flags)
{
unsigned long prealloc;
const struct cred *cred = current_cred();
struct key_type *ktype;
struct key *keyring, *key = NULL;
key_ref_t key_ref;
int ret;
/* look up the key type to see if it's one of the registered kernel
* types */
ktype = key_type_lookup(type);
if (IS_ERR(ktype)) {
key_ref = ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
goto error;
}
key_ref = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
if (!ktype->match || !ktype->instantiate)
goto error_2;
keyring = key_ref_to_ptr(keyring_ref);
key_check(keyring);
key_ref = ERR_PTR(-ENOTDIR);
if (keyring->type != &key_type_keyring)
goto error_2;
ret = __key_link_begin(keyring, ktype, description, &prealloc);
if (ret < 0)
goto error_2;
/* if we're going to allocate a new key, we're going to have
* to modify the keyring */
ret = key_permission(keyring_ref, KEY_WRITE);
if (ret < 0) {
key_ref = ERR_PTR(ret);
goto error_3;
}
/* if it's possible to update this type of key, search for an existing
* key of the same type and description in the destination keyring and
* update that instead if possible
*/
if (ktype->update) {
key_ref = __keyring_search_one(keyring_ref, ktype, description,
0);
if (!IS_ERR(key_ref))
goto found_matching_key;
}
/* if the client doesn't provide, decide on the permissions we want */
if (perm == KEY_PERM_UNDEF) {
perm = KEY_POS_VIEW | KEY_POS_SEARCH | KEY_POS_LINK | KEY_POS_SETATTR;
perm |= KEY_USR_VIEW | KEY_USR_SEARCH | KEY_USR_LINK | KEY_USR_SETATTR;
if (ktype->read)
perm |= KEY_POS_READ | KEY_USR_READ;
if (ktype == &key_type_keyring || ktype->update)
perm |= KEY_USR_WRITE;
}
/* allocate a new key */
key = key_alloc(ktype, description, cred->fsuid, cred->fsgid, cred,
perm, flags);
if (IS_ERR(key)) {
key_ref = ERR_CAST(key);
goto error_3;
}
/* instantiate it and link it into the target keyring */
ret = __key_instantiate_and_link(key, payload, plen, keyring, NULL,
&prealloc);
if (ret < 0) {
key_put(key);
key_ref = ERR_PTR(ret);
goto error_3;
}
key_ref = make_key_ref(key, is_key_possessed(keyring_ref));
error_3:
__key_link_end(keyring, ktype, prealloc);
error_2:
key_type_put(ktype);
error:
return key_ref;
found_matching_key:
/* we found a matching key, so we're going to try to update it
* - we can drop the locks first as we have the key pinned
*/
__key_link_end(keyring, ktype, prealloc);
key_type_put(ktype);
key_ref = __key_update(key_ref, payload, plen);
goto error;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(key_create_or_update);
/**
* key_update - Update a key's contents.
* @key_ref: The pointer (plus possession flag) to the key.
* @payload: The data to be used to update the key.
* @plen: The length of @payload.
*
* Attempt to update the contents of a key with the given payload data. The
* caller must be granted Write permission on the key. Negative keys can be
* instantiated by this method.
*
* Returns 0 on success, -EACCES if not permitted and -EOPNOTSUPP if the key
* type does not support updating. The key type may return other errors.
*/
int key_update(key_ref_t key_ref, const void *payload, size_t plen)
{
struct key *key = key_ref_to_ptr(key_ref);
int ret;
key_check(key);
/* the key must be writable */
ret = key_permission(key_ref, KEY_WRITE);
if (ret < 0)
goto error;
/* attempt to update it if supported */
ret = -EOPNOTSUPP;
if (key->type->update) {
down_write(&key->sem);
ret = key->type->update(key, payload, plen);
if (ret == 0)
/* updating a negative key instantiates it */
clear_bit(KEY_FLAG_NEGATIVE, &key->flags);
up_write(&key->sem);
}
error:
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(key_update);
/**
* key_revoke - Revoke a key.
* @key: The key to be revoked.
*
* Mark a key as being revoked and ask the type to free up its resources. The
* revocation timeout is set and the key and all its links will be
* automatically garbage collected after key_gc_delay amount of time if they
* are not manually dealt with first.
*/
void key_revoke(struct key *key)
{
struct timespec now;
time_t time;
key_check(key);
/* make sure no one's trying to change or use the key when we mark it
* - we tell lockdep that we might nest because we might be revoking an
* authorisation key whilst holding the sem on a key we've just
* instantiated
*/
down_write_nested(&key->sem, 1);
if (!test_and_set_bit(KEY_FLAG_REVOKED, &key->flags) &&
key->type->revoke)
key->type->revoke(key);
/* set the death time to no more than the expiry time */
now = current_kernel_time();
time = now.tv_sec;
if (key->revoked_at == 0 || key->revoked_at > time) {
key->revoked_at = time;
key_schedule_gc(key->revoked_at + key_gc_delay);
}
up_write(&key->sem);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(key_revoke);
/**
* key_invalidate - Invalidate a key.
* @key: The key to be invalidated.
*
* Mark a key as being invalidated and have it cleaned up immediately. The key
* is ignored by all searches and other operations from this point.
*/
void key_invalidate(struct key *key)
{
kenter("%d", key_serial(key));
key_check(key);
if (!test_bit(KEY_FLAG_INVALIDATED, &key->flags)) {
down_write_nested(&key->sem, 1);
if (!test_and_set_bit(KEY_FLAG_INVALIDATED, &key->flags))
key_schedule_gc_links();
up_write(&key->sem);
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(key_invalidate);
/**
* register_key_type - Register a type of key.
* @ktype: The new key type.
*
* Register a new key type.
*
* Returns 0 on success or -EEXIST if a type of this name already exists.
*/
int register_key_type(struct key_type *ktype)
{
struct key_type *p;
int ret;
memset(&ktype->lock_class, 0, sizeof(ktype->lock_class));
ret = -EEXIST;
down_write(&key_types_sem);
/* disallow key types with the same name */
list_for_each_entry(p, &key_types_list, link) {
if (strcmp(p->name, ktype->name) == 0)
goto out;
}
/* store the type */
list_add(&ktype->link, &key_types_list);
pr_notice("Key type %s registered\n", ktype->name);
ret = 0;
out:
up_write(&key_types_sem);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(register_key_type);
/**
* unregister_key_type - Unregister a type of key.
* @ktype: The key type.
*
* Unregister a key type and mark all the extant keys of this type as dead.
* Those keys of this type are then destroyed to get rid of their payloads and
* they and their links will be garbage collected as soon as possible.
*/
void unregister_key_type(struct key_type *ktype)
{
down_write(&key_types_sem);
list_del_init(&ktype->link);
downgrade_write(&key_types_sem);
key_gc_keytype(ktype);
pr_notice("Key type %s unregistered\n", ktype->name);
up_read(&key_types_sem);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(unregister_key_type);
/*
* Initialise the key management state.
*/
void __init key_init(void)
{
/* allocate a slab in which we can store keys */
key_jar = kmem_cache_create("key_jar", sizeof(struct key),
0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC, NULL);
/* add the special key types */
list_add_tail(&key_type_keyring.link, &key_types_list);
list_add_tail(&key_type_dead.link, &key_types_list);
list_add_tail(&key_type_user.link, &key_types_list);
list_add_tail(&key_type_logon.link, &key_types_list);
/* record the root user tracking */
rb_link_node(&root_key_user.node,
NULL,
&key_user_tree.rb_node);
rb_insert_color(&root_key_user.node,
&key_user_tree);
}