original development tree for Linux kernel GTP module; now long in mainline.
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/*
* fs/dcache.c
*
* Complete reimplementation
* (C) 1997 Thomas Schoebel-Theuer,
* with heavy changes by Linus Torvalds
*/
/*
* Notes on the allocation strategy:
*
* The dcache is a master of the icache - whenever a dcache entry
* exists, the inode will always exist. "iput()" is done either when
* the dcache entry is deleted or garbage collected.
*/
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/fsnotify.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/hash.h>
#include <linux/cache.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/seqlock.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/bootmem.h>
#include <linux/fs_struct.h>
#include <linux/hardirq.h>
#include "internal.h"
/*
* Usage:
* dcache_inode_lock protects:
* - i_dentry, d_alias, d_inode
* dcache_hash_lock protects:
* - the dcache hash table, s_anon lists
* dcache_lru_lock protects:
* - the dcache lru lists and counters
* d_lock protects:
* - d_flags
* - d_name
* - d_lru
* - d_count
* - d_unhashed()
* - d_parent and d_subdirs
* - childrens' d_child and d_parent
* - d_alias, d_inode
*
* Ordering:
* dcache_lock
* dcache_inode_lock
* dentry->d_lock
* dcache_lru_lock
* dcache_hash_lock
*
* If there is an ancestor relationship:
* dentry->d_parent->...->d_parent->d_lock
* ...
* dentry->d_parent->d_lock
* dentry->d_lock
*
* If no ancestor relationship:
* if (dentry1 < dentry2)
* dentry1->d_lock
* dentry2->d_lock
*/
int sysctl_vfs_cache_pressure __read_mostly = 100;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sysctl_vfs_cache_pressure);
__cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(dcache_inode_lock);
static __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(dcache_hash_lock);
static __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(dcache_lru_lock);
__cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(dcache_lock);
__cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SEQLOCK(rename_lock);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(rename_lock);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dcache_inode_lock);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dcache_lock);
static struct kmem_cache *dentry_cache __read_mostly;
#define DNAME_INLINE_LEN (sizeof(struct dentry)-offsetof(struct dentry,d_iname))
/*
* This is the single most critical data structure when it comes
* to the dcache: the hashtable for lookups. Somebody should try
* to make this good - I've just made it work.
*
* This hash-function tries to avoid losing too many bits of hash
* information, yet avoid using a prime hash-size or similar.
*/
#define D_HASHBITS d_hash_shift
#define D_HASHMASK d_hash_mask
static unsigned int d_hash_mask __read_mostly;
static unsigned int d_hash_shift __read_mostly;
static struct hlist_head *dentry_hashtable __read_mostly;
/* Statistics gathering. */
struct dentry_stat_t dentry_stat = {
.age_limit = 45,
};
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned int, nr_dentry);
#if defined(CONFIG_SYSCTL) && defined(CONFIG_PROC_FS)
static int get_nr_dentry(void)
{
int i;
int sum = 0;
for_each_possible_cpu(i)
sum += per_cpu(nr_dentry, i);
return sum < 0 ? 0 : sum;
}
int proc_nr_dentry(ctl_table *table, int write, void __user *buffer,
size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
{
dentry_stat.nr_dentry = get_nr_dentry();
return proc_dointvec(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos);
}
#endif
static void __d_free(struct rcu_head *head)
{
struct dentry *dentry = container_of(head, struct dentry, d_u.d_rcu);
WARN_ON(!list_empty(&dentry->d_alias));
if (dname_external(dentry))
kfree(dentry->d_name.name);
kmem_cache_free(dentry_cache, dentry);
}
/*
* no dcache_lock, please.
*/
static void d_free(struct dentry *dentry)
{
BUG_ON(dentry->d_count);
this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry);
if (dentry->d_op && dentry->d_op->d_release)
dentry->d_op->d_release(dentry);
/* if dentry was never inserted into hash, immediate free is OK */
if (hlist_unhashed(&dentry->d_hash))
__d_free(&dentry->d_u.d_rcu);
else
call_rcu(&dentry->d_u.d_rcu, __d_free);
}
/*
* Release the dentry's inode, using the filesystem
* d_iput() operation if defined.
*/
static void dentry_iput(struct dentry * dentry)
__releases(dentry->d_lock)
__releases(dcache_inode_lock)
__releases(dcache_lock)
{
struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
if (inode) {
dentry->d_inode = NULL;
list_del_init(&dentry->d_alias);
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_inode_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
if (!inode->i_nlink)
fsnotify_inoderemove(inode);
if (dentry->d_op && dentry->d_op->d_iput)
dentry->d_op->d_iput(dentry, inode);
else
iput(inode);
} else {
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_inode_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
}
}
/*
* dentry_lru_(add|del|move_tail) must be called with d_lock held.
*/
static void dentry_lru_add(struct dentry *dentry)
{
if (list_empty(&dentry->d_lru)) {
spin_lock(&dcache_lru_lock);
list_add(&dentry->d_lru, &dentry->d_sb->s_dentry_lru);
dentry->d_sb->s_nr_dentry_unused++;
dentry_stat.nr_unused++;
spin_unlock(&dcache_lru_lock);
}
}
static void __dentry_lru_del(struct dentry *dentry)
{
list_del_init(&dentry->d_lru);
dentry->d_sb->s_nr_dentry_unused--;
dentry_stat.nr_unused--;
}
static void dentry_lru_del(struct dentry *dentry)
{
if (!list_empty(&dentry->d_lru)) {
spin_lock(&dcache_lru_lock);
__dentry_lru_del(dentry);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lru_lock);
}
}
static void dentry_lru_move_tail(struct dentry *dentry)
{
spin_lock(&dcache_lru_lock);
if (list_empty(&dentry->d_lru)) {
list_add_tail(&dentry->d_lru, &dentry->d_sb->s_dentry_lru);
dentry->d_sb->s_nr_dentry_unused++;
dentry_stat.nr_unused++;
} else {
list_move_tail(&dentry->d_lru, &dentry->d_sb->s_dentry_lru);
}
spin_unlock(&dcache_lru_lock);
}
/**
* d_kill - kill dentry and return parent
* @dentry: dentry to kill
*
* The dentry must already be unhashed and removed from the LRU.
*
* If this is the root of the dentry tree, return NULL.
*
* dcache_lock and d_lock and d_parent->d_lock must be held by caller, and
* are dropped by d_kill.
*/
static struct dentry *d_kill(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *parent)
__releases(dentry->d_lock)
__releases(parent->d_lock)
__releases(dcache_inode_lock)
__releases(dcache_lock)
{
dentry->d_parent = NULL;
list_del(&dentry->d_u.d_child);
if (parent)
spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock);
dentry_iput(dentry);
/*
* dentry_iput drops the locks, at which point nobody (except
* transient RCU lookups) can reach this dentry.
*/
d_free(dentry);
return parent;
}
/**
* d_drop - drop a dentry
* @dentry: dentry to drop
*
* d_drop() unhashes the entry from the parent dentry hashes, so that it won't
* be found through a VFS lookup any more. Note that this is different from
* deleting the dentry - d_delete will try to mark the dentry negative if
* possible, giving a successful _negative_ lookup, while d_drop will
* just make the cache lookup fail.
*
* d_drop() is used mainly for stuff that wants to invalidate a dentry for some
* reason (NFS timeouts or autofs deletes).
*
* __d_drop requires dentry->d_lock.
*/
void __d_drop(struct dentry *dentry)
{
if (!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_UNHASHED)) {
dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_UNHASHED;
spin_lock(&dcache_hash_lock);
hlist_del_rcu(&dentry->d_hash);
spin_unlock(&dcache_hash_lock);
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__d_drop);
void d_drop(struct dentry *dentry)
{
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
__d_drop(dentry);
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_drop);
/*
* This is dput
*
* This is complicated by the fact that we do not want to put
* dentries that are no longer on any hash chain on the unused
* list: we'd much rather just get rid of them immediately.
*
* However, that implies that we have to traverse the dentry
* tree upwards to the parents which might _also_ now be
* scheduled for deletion (it may have been only waiting for
* its last child to go away).
*
* This tail recursion is done by hand as we don't want to depend
* on the compiler to always get this right (gcc generally doesn't).
* Real recursion would eat up our stack space.
*/
/*
* dput - release a dentry
* @dentry: dentry to release
*
* Release a dentry. This will drop the usage count and if appropriate
* call the dentry unlink method as well as removing it from the queues and
* releasing its resources. If the parent dentries were scheduled for release
* they too may now get deleted.
*
* no dcache lock, please.
*/
void dput(struct dentry *dentry)
{
struct dentry *parent;
if (!dentry)
return;
repeat:
if (dentry->d_count == 1)
might_sleep();
spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
if (IS_ROOT(dentry))
parent = NULL;
else
parent = dentry->d_parent;
if (dentry->d_count == 1) {
if (!spin_trylock(&dcache_lock)) {
/*
* Something of a livelock possibility we could avoid
* by taking dcache_lock and trying again, but we
* want to reduce dcache_lock anyway so this will
* get improved.
*/
drop1:
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
goto repeat;
}
if (!spin_trylock(&dcache_inode_lock)) {
drop2:
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
goto drop1;
}
if (parent && !spin_trylock(&parent->d_lock)) {
spin_unlock(&dcache_inode_lock);
goto drop2;
}
}
dentry->d_count--;
if (dentry->d_count) {
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
if (parent)
spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
return;
}
/*
* AV: ->d_delete() is _NOT_ allowed to block now.
*/
if (dentry->d_op && dentry->d_op->d_delete) {
if (dentry->d_op->d_delete(dentry))
goto unhash_it;
}
/* Unreachable? Get rid of it */
if (d_unhashed(dentry))
goto kill_it;
/* Otherwise leave it cached and ensure it's on the LRU */
dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_REFERENCED;
dentry_lru_add(dentry);
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
if (parent)
spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_inode_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
return;
unhash_it:
__d_drop(dentry);
kill_it:
/* if dentry was on the d_lru list delete it from there */
dentry_lru_del(dentry);
dentry = d_kill(dentry, parent);
if (dentry)
goto repeat;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dput);
/**
* d_invalidate - invalidate a dentry
* @dentry: dentry to invalidate
*
* Try to invalidate the dentry if it turns out to be
* possible. If there are other dentries that can be
* reached through this one we can't delete it and we
* return -EBUSY. On success we return 0.
*
* no dcache lock.
*/
int d_invalidate(struct dentry * dentry)
{
/*
* If it's already been dropped, return OK.
*/
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
if (d_unhashed(dentry)) {
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
return 0;
}
/*
* Check whether to do a partial shrink_dcache
* to get rid of unused child entries.
*/
if (!list_empty(&dentry->d_subdirs)) {
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
shrink_dcache_parent(dentry);
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
}
/*
* Somebody else still using it?
*
* If it's a directory, we can't drop it
* for fear of somebody re-populating it
* with children (even though dropping it
* would make it unreachable from the root,
* we might still populate it if it was a
* working directory or similar).
*/
if (dentry->d_count > 1) {
if (dentry->d_inode && S_ISDIR(dentry->d_inode->i_mode)) {
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
return -EBUSY;
}
}
__d_drop(dentry);
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_invalidate);
/* This must be called with dcache_lock and d_lock held */
static inline struct dentry * __dget_locked_dlock(struct dentry *dentry)
{
dentry->d_count++;
dentry_lru_del(dentry);
return dentry;
}
/* This should be called _only_ with dcache_lock held */
static inline struct dentry * __dget_locked(struct dentry *dentry)
{
spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
__dget_locked_dlock(dentry);
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
return dentry;
}
struct dentry * dget_locked_dlock(struct dentry *dentry)
{
return __dget_locked_dlock(dentry);
}
struct dentry * dget_locked(struct dentry *dentry)
{
return __dget_locked(dentry);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dget_locked);
struct dentry *dget_parent(struct dentry *dentry)
{
struct dentry *ret;
repeat:
spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
ret = dentry->d_parent;
if (!ret)
goto out;
if (dentry == ret) {
ret->d_count++;
goto out;
}
if (!spin_trylock(&ret->d_lock)) {
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
cpu_relax();
goto repeat;
}
BUG_ON(!ret->d_count);
ret->d_count++;
spin_unlock(&ret->d_lock);
out:
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dget_parent);
/**
* d_find_alias - grab a hashed alias of inode
* @inode: inode in question
* @want_discon: flag, used by d_splice_alias, to request
* that only a DISCONNECTED alias be returned.
*
* If inode has a hashed alias, or is a directory and has any alias,
* acquire the reference to alias and return it. Otherwise return NULL.
* Notice that if inode is a directory there can be only one alias and
* it can be unhashed only if it has no children, or if it is the root
* of a filesystem.
*
* If the inode has an IS_ROOT, DCACHE_DISCONNECTED alias, then prefer
* any other hashed alias over that one unless @want_discon is set,
* in which case only return an IS_ROOT, DCACHE_DISCONNECTED alias.
*/
static struct dentry *__d_find_alias(struct inode *inode, int want_discon)
{
struct dentry *alias, *discon_alias;
again:
discon_alias = NULL;
list_for_each_entry(alias, &inode->i_dentry, d_alias) {
spin_lock(&alias->d_lock);
if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || !d_unhashed(alias)) {
if (IS_ROOT(alias) &&
(alias->d_flags & DCACHE_DISCONNECTED)) {
discon_alias = alias;
} else if (!want_discon) {
__dget_locked_dlock(alias);
spin_unlock(&alias->d_lock);
return alias;
}
}
spin_unlock(&alias->d_lock);
}
if (discon_alias) {
alias = discon_alias;
spin_lock(&alias->d_lock);
if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || !d_unhashed(alias)) {
if (IS_ROOT(alias) &&
(alias->d_flags & DCACHE_DISCONNECTED)) {
__dget_locked_dlock(alias);
spin_unlock(&alias->d_lock);
return alias;
}
}
spin_unlock(&alias->d_lock);
goto again;
}
return NULL;
}
struct dentry *d_find_alias(struct inode *inode)
{
struct dentry *de = NULL;
if (!list_empty(&inode->i_dentry)) {
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
spin_lock(&dcache_inode_lock);
de = __d_find_alias(inode, 0);
spin_unlock(&dcache_inode_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
}
return de;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_find_alias);
/*
* Try to kill dentries associated with this inode.
* WARNING: you must own a reference to inode.
*/
void d_prune_aliases(struct inode *inode)
{
struct dentry *dentry;
restart:
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
spin_lock(&dcache_inode_lock);
list_for_each_entry(dentry, &inode->i_dentry, d_alias) {
spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
if (!dentry->d_count) {
__dget_locked_dlock(dentry);
__d_drop(dentry);
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_inode_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
dput(dentry);
goto restart;
}
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
}
spin_unlock(&dcache_inode_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_prune_aliases);
/*
* Throw away a dentry - free the inode, dput the parent. This requires that
* the LRU list has already been removed.
*
* Try to prune ancestors as well. This is necessary to prevent
* quadratic behavior of shrink_dcache_parent(), but is also expected
* to be beneficial in reducing dentry cache fragmentation.
*/
static void prune_one_dentry(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *parent)
__releases(dentry->d_lock)
__releases(parent->d_lock)
__releases(dcache_inode_lock)
__releases(dcache_lock)
{
__d_drop(dentry);
dentry = d_kill(dentry, parent);
/*
* Prune ancestors. Locking is simpler than in dput(),
* because dcache_lock needs to be taken anyway.
*/
while (dentry) {
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
spin_lock(&dcache_inode_lock);
again:
spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
if (IS_ROOT(dentry))
parent = NULL;
else
parent = dentry->d_parent;
if (parent && !spin_trylock(&parent->d_lock)) {
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
goto again;
}
dentry->d_count--;
if (dentry->d_count) {
if (parent)
spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_inode_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
return;
}
dentry_lru_del(dentry);
__d_drop(dentry);
dentry = d_kill(dentry, parent);
}
}
static void shrink_dentry_list(struct list_head *list)
{
struct dentry *dentry;
while (!list_empty(list)) {
struct dentry *parent;
dentry = list_entry(list->prev, struct dentry, d_lru);
if (!spin_trylock(&dentry->d_lock)) {
relock:
spin_unlock(&dcache_lru_lock);
cpu_relax();
spin_lock(&dcache_lru_lock);
continue;
}
/*
* We found an inuse dentry which was not removed from
* the LRU because of laziness during lookup. Do not free
* it - just keep it off the LRU list.
*/
if (dentry->d_count) {
__dentry_lru_del(dentry);
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
continue;
}
if (IS_ROOT(dentry))
parent = NULL;
else
parent = dentry->d_parent;
if (parent && !spin_trylock(&parent->d_lock)) {
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
goto relock;
}
__dentry_lru_del(dentry);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lru_lock);
prune_one_dentry(dentry, parent);
/* dcache_lock, dcache_inode_lock and dentry->d_lock dropped */
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
spin_lock(&dcache_inode_lock);
spin_lock(&dcache_lru_lock);
}
}
/**
* __shrink_dcache_sb - shrink the dentry LRU on a given superblock
* @sb: superblock to shrink dentry LRU.
* @count: number of entries to prune
* @flags: flags to control the dentry processing
*
* If flags contains DCACHE_REFERENCED reference dentries will not be pruned.
*/
static void __shrink_dcache_sb(struct super_block *sb, int *count, int flags)
{
/* called from prune_dcache() and shrink_dcache_parent() */
struct dentry *dentry;
LIST_HEAD(referenced);
LIST_HEAD(tmp);
int cnt = *count;
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
spin_lock(&dcache_inode_lock);
relock:
spin_lock(&dcache_lru_lock);
while (!list_empty(&sb->s_dentry_lru)) {
dentry = list_entry(sb->s_dentry_lru.prev,
struct dentry, d_lru);
BUG_ON(dentry->d_sb != sb);
if (!spin_trylock(&dentry->d_lock)) {
spin_unlock(&dcache_lru_lock);
cpu_relax();
goto relock;
}
/*
* If we are honouring the DCACHE_REFERENCED flag and the
* dentry has this flag set, don't free it. Clear the flag
* and put it back on the LRU.
*/
if (flags & DCACHE_REFERENCED &&
dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_REFERENCED) {
dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_REFERENCED;
list_move(&dentry->d_lru, &referenced);
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
} else {
list_move_tail(&dentry->d_lru, &tmp);
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
if (!--cnt)
break;
}
/* XXX: re-add cond_resched_lock when dcache_lock goes away */
}
*count = cnt;
shrink_dentry_list(&tmp);
if (!list_empty(&referenced))
list_splice(&referenced, &sb->s_dentry_lru);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lru_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_inode_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
}
/**
* prune_dcache - shrink the dcache
* @count: number of entries to try to free
*
* Shrink the dcache. This is done when we need more memory, or simply when we
* need to unmount something (at which point we need to unuse all dentries).
*
* This function may fail to free any resources if all the dentries are in use.
*/
static void prune_dcache(int count)
{
struct super_block *sb, *p = NULL;
int w_count;
int unused = dentry_stat.nr_unused;
int prune_ratio;
int pruned;
if (unused == 0 || count == 0)
return;
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
if (count >= unused)
prune_ratio = 1;
else
prune_ratio = unused / count;
spin_lock(&sb_lock);
list_for_each_entry(sb, &super_blocks, s_list) {
if (list_empty(&sb->s_instances))
continue;
if (sb->s_nr_dentry_unused == 0)
continue;
sb->s_count++;
/* Now, we reclaim unused dentrins with fairness.
* We reclaim them same percentage from each superblock.
* We calculate number of dentries to scan on this sb
* as follows, but the implementation is arranged to avoid
* overflows:
* number of dentries to scan on this sb =
* count * (number of dentries on this sb /
* number of dentries in the machine)
*/
spin_unlock(&sb_lock);
if (prune_ratio != 1)
w_count = (sb->s_nr_dentry_unused / prune_ratio) + 1;
else
w_count = sb->s_nr_dentry_unused;
pruned = w_count;
/*
* We need to be sure this filesystem isn't being unmounted,
* otherwise we could race with generic_shutdown_super(), and
* end up holding a reference to an inode while the filesystem
* is unmounted. So we try to get s_umount, and make sure
* s_root isn't NULL.
*/
if (down_read_trylock(&sb->s_umount)) {
if ((sb->s_root != NULL) &&
(!list_empty(&sb->s_dentry_lru))) {
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
__shrink_dcache_sb(sb, &w_count,
DCACHE_REFERENCED);
pruned -= w_count;
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
}
up_read(&sb->s_umount);
}
spin_lock(&sb_lock);
if (p)
__put_super(p);
count -= pruned;
p = sb;
/* more work left to do? */
if (count <= 0)
break;
}
if (p)
__put_super(p);
spin_unlock(&sb_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
}
/**
* shrink_dcache_sb - shrink dcache for a superblock
* @sb: superblock
*
* Shrink the dcache for the specified super block. This is used to free
* the dcache before unmounting a file system.
*/
void shrink_dcache_sb(struct super_block *sb)
{
LIST_HEAD(tmp);
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
spin_lock(&dcache_inode_lock);
spin_lock(&dcache_lru_lock);
while (!list_empty(&sb->s_dentry_lru)) {
list_splice_init(&sb->s_dentry_lru, &tmp);
shrink_dentry_list(&tmp);
}
spin_unlock(&dcache_lru_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_inode_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(shrink_dcache_sb);
/*
* destroy a single subtree of dentries for unmount
* - see the comments on shrink_dcache_for_umount() for a description of the
* locking
*/
static void shrink_dcache_for_umount_subtree(struct dentry *dentry)
{
struct dentry *parent;
unsigned detached = 0;
BUG_ON(!IS_ROOT(dentry));
/* detach this root from the system */
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
dentry_lru_del(dentry);
__d_drop(dentry);
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
for (;;) {
/* descend to the first leaf in the current subtree */
while (!list_empty(&dentry->d_subdirs)) {
struct dentry *loop;
/* this is a branch with children - detach all of them
* from the system in one go */
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
list_for_each_entry(loop, &dentry->d_subdirs,
d_u.d_child) {
spin_lock_nested(&loop->d_lock,
DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED);
dentry_lru_del(loop);
__d_drop(loop);
spin_unlock(&loop->d_lock);
}
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
/* move to the first child */
dentry = list_entry(dentry->d_subdirs.next,
struct dentry, d_u.d_child);
}
/* consume the dentries from this leaf up through its parents
* until we find one with children or run out altogether */
do {
struct inode *inode;
if (dentry->d_count != 0) {
printk(KERN_ERR
"BUG: Dentry %p{i=%lx,n=%s}"
" still in use (%d)"
" [unmount of %s %s]\n",
dentry,
dentry->d_inode ?
dentry->d_inode->i_ino : 0UL,
dentry->d_name.name,
dentry->d_count,
dentry->d_sb->s_type->name,
dentry->d_sb->s_id);
BUG();
}
if (IS_ROOT(dentry)) {
parent = NULL;
list_del(&dentry->d_u.d_child);
} else {
parent = dentry->d_parent;
spin_lock(&parent->d_lock);
parent->d_count--;
list_del(&dentry->d_u.d_child);
spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock);
}
detached++;
inode = dentry->d_inode;
if (inode) {
dentry->d_inode = NULL;
list_del_init(&dentry->d_alias);
if (dentry->d_op && dentry->d_op->d_iput)
dentry->d_op->d_iput(dentry, inode);
else
iput(inode);
}
d_free(dentry);
/* finished when we fall off the top of the tree,
* otherwise we ascend to the parent and move to the
* next sibling if there is one */
if (!parent)
return;
dentry = parent;
} while (list_empty(&dentry->d_subdirs));
dentry = list_entry(dentry->d_subdirs.next,
struct dentry, d_u.d_child);
}
}
/*
* destroy the dentries attached to a superblock on unmounting
* - we don't need to use dentry->d_lock, and only need dcache_lock when
* removing the dentry from the system lists and hashes because:
* - the superblock is detached from all mountings and open files, so the
* dentry trees will not be rearranged by the VFS
* - s_umount is write-locked, so the memory pressure shrinker will ignore
* any dentries belonging to this superblock that it comes across
* - the filesystem itself is no longer permitted to rearrange the dentries
* in this superblock
*/
void shrink_dcache_for_umount(struct super_block *sb)
{
struct dentry *dentry;
if (down_read_trylock(&sb->s_umount))
BUG();
dentry = sb->s_root;
sb->s_root = NULL;
spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
dentry->d_count--;
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
shrink_dcache_for_umount_subtree(dentry);
while (!hlist_empty(&sb->s_anon)) {
dentry = hlist_entry(sb->s_anon.first, struct dentry, d_hash);
shrink_dcache_for_umount_subtree(dentry);
}
}
/*
* Search for at least 1 mount point in the dentry's subdirs.
* We descend to the next level whenever the d_subdirs
* list is non-empty and continue searching.
*/
/**
* have_submounts - check for mounts over a dentry
* @parent: dentry to check.
*
* Return true if the parent or its subdirectories contain
* a mount point
*/
int have_submounts(struct dentry *parent)
{
struct dentry *this_parent;
struct list_head *next;
unsigned seq;
rename_retry:
this_parent = parent;
seq = read_seqbegin(&rename_lock);
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
if (d_mountpoint(parent))
goto positive;
spin_lock(&this_parent->d_lock);
repeat:
next = this_parent->d_subdirs.next;
resume:
while (next != &this_parent->d_subdirs) {
struct list_head *tmp = next;
struct dentry *dentry = list_entry(tmp, struct dentry, d_u.d_child);
next = tmp->next;
spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED);
/* Have we found a mount point ? */
if (d_mountpoint(dentry)) {
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&this_parent->d_lock);
goto positive;
}
if (!list_empty(&dentry->d_subdirs)) {
spin_unlock(&this_parent->d_lock);
spin_release(&dentry->d_lock.dep_map, 1, _RET_IP_);
this_parent = dentry;
spin_acquire(&this_parent->d_lock.dep_map, 0, 1, _RET_IP_);
goto repeat;
}
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
}
/*
* All done at this level ... ascend and resume the search.
*/
if (this_parent != parent) {
struct dentry *tmp;
struct dentry *child;
tmp = this_parent->d_parent;
rcu_read_lock();
spin_unlock(&this_parent->d_lock);
child = this_parent;
this_parent = tmp;
spin_lock(&this_parent->d_lock);
/* might go back up the wrong parent if we have had a rename
* or deletion */
if (this_parent != child->d_parent ||
read_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq)) {
spin_unlock(&this_parent->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
rcu_read_unlock();
goto rename_retry;
}
rcu_read_unlock();
next = child->d_u.d_child.next;
goto resume;
}
spin_unlock(&this_parent->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
if (read_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq))
goto rename_retry;
return 0; /* No mount points found in tree */
positive:
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
if (read_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq))
goto rename_retry;
return 1;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(have_submounts);
/*
* Search the dentry child list for the specified parent,
* and move any unused dentries to the end of the unused
* list for prune_dcache(). We descend to the next level
* whenever the d_subdirs list is non-empty and continue
* searching.
*
* It returns zero iff there are no unused children,
* otherwise it returns the number of children moved to
* the end of the unused list. This may not be the total
* number of unused children, because select_parent can
* drop the lock and return early due to latency
* constraints.
*/
static int select_parent(struct dentry * parent)
{
struct dentry *this_parent;
struct list_head *next;
unsigned seq;
int found = 0;
rename_retry:
this_parent = parent;
seq = read_seqbegin(&rename_lock);
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
spin_lock(&this_parent->d_lock);
repeat:
next = this_parent->d_subdirs.next;
resume:
while (next != &this_parent->d_subdirs) {
struct list_head *tmp = next;
struct dentry *dentry = list_entry(tmp, struct dentry, d_u.d_child);
next = tmp->next;
spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED);
/*
* move only zero ref count dentries to the end
* of the unused list for prune_dcache
*/
if (!dentry->d_count) {
dentry_lru_move_tail(dentry);
found++;
} else {
dentry_lru_del(dentry);
}
/*
* We can return to the caller if we have found some (this
* ensures forward progress). We'll be coming back to find
* the rest.
*/
if (found && need_resched()) {
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
goto out;
}
/*
* Descend a level if the d_subdirs list is non-empty.
*/
if (!list_empty(&dentry->d_subdirs)) {
spin_unlock(&this_parent->d_lock);
spin_release(&dentry->d_lock.dep_map, 1, _RET_IP_);
this_parent = dentry;
spin_acquire(&this_parent->d_lock.dep_map, 0, 1, _RET_IP_);
goto repeat;
}
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
}
/*
* All done at this level ... ascend and resume the search.
*/
if (this_parent != parent) {
struct dentry *tmp;
struct dentry *child;
tmp = this_parent->d_parent;
rcu_read_lock();
spin_unlock(&this_parent->d_lock);
child = this_parent;
this_parent = tmp;
spin_lock(&this_parent->d_lock);
/* might go back up the wrong parent if we have had a rename
* or deletion */
if (this_parent != child->d_parent ||
read_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq)) {
spin_unlock(&this_parent->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
rcu_read_unlock();
goto rename_retry;
}
rcu_read_unlock();
next = child->d_u.d_child.next;
goto resume;
}
out:
spin_unlock(&this_parent->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
if (read_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq))
goto rename_retry;
return found;
}
/**
* shrink_dcache_parent - prune dcache
* @parent: parent of entries to prune
*
* Prune the dcache to remove unused children of the parent dentry.
*/
void shrink_dcache_parent(struct dentry * parent)
{
struct super_block *sb = parent->d_sb;
int found;
while ((found = select_parent(parent)) != 0)
__shrink_dcache_sb(sb, &found, 0);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(shrink_dcache_parent);
/*
* Scan `nr' dentries and return the number which remain.
*
* We need to avoid reentering the filesystem if the caller is performing a
* GFP_NOFS allocation attempt. One example deadlock is:
*
* ext2_new_block->getblk->GFP->shrink_dcache_memory->prune_dcache->
* prune_one_dentry->dput->dentry_iput->iput->inode->i_sb->s_op->put_inode->
* ext2_discard_prealloc->ext2_free_blocks->lock_super->DEADLOCK.
*
* In this case we return -1 to tell the caller that we baled.
*/
static int shrink_dcache_memory(struct shrinker *shrink, int nr, gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
if (nr) {
if (!(gfp_mask & __GFP_FS))
return -1;
prune_dcache(nr);
}
return (dentry_stat.nr_unused / 100) * sysctl_vfs_cache_pressure;
}
static struct shrinker dcache_shrinker = {
.shrink = shrink_dcache_memory,
.seeks = DEFAULT_SEEKS,
};
/**
* d_alloc - allocate a dcache entry
* @parent: parent of entry to allocate
* @name: qstr of the name
*
* Allocates a dentry. It returns %NULL if there is insufficient memory
* available. On a success the dentry is returned. The name passed in is
* copied and the copy passed in may be reused after this call.
*/
struct dentry *d_alloc(struct dentry * parent, const struct qstr *name)
{
struct dentry *dentry;
char *dname;
dentry = kmem_cache_alloc(dentry_cache, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!dentry)
return NULL;
if (name->len > DNAME_INLINE_LEN-1) {
dname = kmalloc(name->len + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!dname) {
kmem_cache_free(dentry_cache, dentry);
return NULL;
}
} else {
dname = dentry->d_iname;
}
dentry->d_name.name = dname;
dentry->d_name.len = name->len;
dentry->d_name.hash = name->hash;
memcpy(dname, name->name, name->len);
dname[name->len] = 0;
dentry->d_count = 1;
dentry->d_flags = DCACHE_UNHASHED;
spin_lock_init(&dentry->d_lock);
dentry->d_inode = NULL;
dentry->d_parent = NULL;
dentry->d_sb = NULL;
dentry->d_op = NULL;
dentry->d_fsdata = NULL;
dentry->d_mounted = 0;
INIT_HLIST_NODE(&dentry->d_hash);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dentry->d_lru);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dentry->d_subdirs);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dentry->d_alias);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dentry->d_u.d_child);
if (parent) {
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
spin_lock(&parent->d_lock);
spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED);
dentry->d_parent = dget_dlock(parent);
dentry->d_sb = parent->d_sb;
list_add(&dentry->d_u.d_child, &parent->d_subdirs);
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
}
this_cpu_inc(nr_dentry);
return dentry;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_alloc);
struct dentry *d_alloc_name(struct dentry *parent, const char *name)
{
struct qstr q;
q.name = name;
q.len = strlen(name);
q.hash = full_name_hash(q.name, q.len);
return d_alloc(parent, &q);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_alloc_name);
/* the caller must hold dcache_lock */
static void __d_instantiate(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode)
{
spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
if (inode)
list_add(&dentry->d_alias, &inode->i_dentry);
dentry->d_inode = inode;
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
fsnotify_d_instantiate(dentry, inode);
}
/**
* d_instantiate - fill in inode information for a dentry
* @entry: dentry to complete
* @inode: inode to attach to this dentry
*
* Fill in inode information in the entry.
*
* This turns negative dentries into productive full members
* of society.
*
* NOTE! This assumes that the inode count has been incremented
* (or otherwise set) by the caller to indicate that it is now
* in use by the dcache.
*/
void d_instantiate(struct dentry *entry, struct inode * inode)
{
BUG_ON(!list_empty(&entry->d_alias));
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
spin_lock(&dcache_inode_lock);
__d_instantiate(entry, inode);
spin_unlock(&dcache_inode_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
security_d_instantiate(entry, inode);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_instantiate);
/**
* d_instantiate_unique - instantiate a non-aliased dentry
* @entry: dentry to instantiate
* @inode: inode to attach to this dentry
*
* Fill in inode information in the entry. On success, it returns NULL.
* If an unhashed alias of "entry" already exists, then we return the
* aliased dentry instead and drop one reference to inode.
*
* Note that in order to avoid conflicts with rename() etc, the caller
* had better be holding the parent directory semaphore.
*
* This also assumes that the inode count has been incremented
* (or otherwise set) by the caller to indicate that it is now
* in use by the dcache.
*/
static struct dentry *__d_instantiate_unique(struct dentry *entry,
struct inode *inode)
{
struct dentry *alias;
int len = entry->d_name.len;
const char *name = entry->d_name.name;
unsigned int hash = entry->d_name.hash;
if (!inode) {
__d_instantiate(entry, NULL);
return NULL;
}
list_for_each_entry(alias, &inode->i_dentry, d_alias) {
struct qstr *qstr = &alias->d_name;
/*
* Don't need alias->d_lock here, because aliases with
* d_parent == entry->d_parent are not subject to name or
* parent changes, because the parent inode i_mutex is held.
*/
if (qstr->hash != hash)
continue;
if (alias->d_parent != entry->d_parent)
continue;
if (qstr->len != len)
continue;
if (memcmp(qstr->name, name, len))
continue;
dget_locked(alias);
return alias;
}
__d_instantiate(entry, inode);
return NULL;
}
struct dentry *d_instantiate_unique(struct dentry *entry, struct inode *inode)
{
struct dentry *result;
BUG_ON(!list_empty(&entry->d_alias));
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
spin_lock(&dcache_inode_lock);
result = __d_instantiate_unique(entry, inode);
spin_unlock(&dcache_inode_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
if (!result) {
security_d_instantiate(entry, inode);
return NULL;
}
BUG_ON(!d_unhashed(result));
iput(inode);
return result;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_instantiate_unique);
/**
* d_alloc_root - allocate root dentry
* @root_inode: inode to allocate the root for
*
* Allocate a root ("/") dentry for the inode given. The inode is
* instantiated and returned. %NULL is returned if there is insufficient
* memory or the inode passed is %NULL.
*/
struct dentry * d_alloc_root(struct inode * root_inode)
{
struct dentry *res = NULL;
if (root_inode) {
static const struct qstr name = { .name = "/", .len = 1 };
res = d_alloc(NULL, &name);
if (res) {
res->d_sb = root_inode->i_sb;
res->d_parent = res;
d_instantiate(res, root_inode);
}
}
return res;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_alloc_root);
static inline struct hlist_head *d_hash(struct dentry *parent,
unsigned long hash)
{
hash += ((unsigned long) parent ^ GOLDEN_RATIO_PRIME) / L1_CACHE_BYTES;
hash = hash ^ ((hash ^ GOLDEN_RATIO_PRIME) >> D_HASHBITS);
return dentry_hashtable + (hash & D_HASHMASK);
}
/**
* d_obtain_alias - find or allocate a dentry for a given inode
* @inode: inode to allocate the dentry for
*
* Obtain a dentry for an inode resulting from NFS filehandle conversion or
* similar open by handle operations. The returned dentry may be anonymous,
* or may have a full name (if the inode was already in the cache).
*
* When called on a directory inode, we must ensure that the inode only ever
* has one dentry. If a dentry is found, that is returned instead of
* allocating a new one.
*
* On successful return, the reference to the inode has been transferred
* to the dentry. In case of an error the reference on the inode is released.
* To make it easier to use in export operations a %NULL or IS_ERR inode may
* be passed in and will be the error will be propagate to the return value,
* with a %NULL @inode replaced by ERR_PTR(-ESTALE).
*/
struct dentry *d_obtain_alias(struct inode *inode)
{
static const struct qstr anonstring = { .name = "" };
struct dentry *tmp;
struct dentry *res;
if (!inode)
return ERR_PTR(-ESTALE);
if (IS_ERR(inode))
return ERR_CAST(inode);
res = d_find_alias(inode);
if (res)
goto out_iput;
tmp = d_alloc(NULL, &anonstring);
if (!tmp) {
res = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
goto out_iput;
}
tmp->d_parent = tmp; /* make sure dput doesn't croak */
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
spin_lock(&dcache_inode_lock);
res = __d_find_alias(inode, 0);
if (res) {
spin_unlock(&dcache_inode_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
dput(tmp);
goto out_iput;
}
/* attach a disconnected dentry */
spin_lock(&tmp->d_lock);
tmp->d_sb = inode->i_sb;
tmp->d_inode = inode;
tmp->d_flags |= DCACHE_DISCONNECTED;
tmp->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_UNHASHED;
list_add(&tmp->d_alias, &inode->i_dentry);
spin_lock(&dcache_hash_lock);
hlist_add_head(&tmp->d_hash, &inode->i_sb->s_anon);
spin_unlock(&dcache_hash_lock);
spin_unlock(&tmp->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_inode_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
return tmp;
out_iput:
iput(inode);
return res;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_obtain_alias);
/**
* d_splice_alias - splice a disconnected dentry into the tree if one exists
* @inode: the inode which may have a disconnected dentry
* @dentry: a negative dentry which we want to point to the inode.
*
* If inode is a directory and has a 'disconnected' dentry (i.e. IS_ROOT and
* DCACHE_DISCONNECTED), then d_move that in place of the given dentry
* and return it, else simply d_add the inode to the dentry and return NULL.
*
* This is needed in the lookup routine of any filesystem that is exportable
* (via knfsd) so that we can build dcache paths to directories effectively.
*
* If a dentry was found and moved, then it is returned. Otherwise NULL
* is returned. This matches the expected return value of ->lookup.
*
*/
struct dentry *d_splice_alias(struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry)
{
struct dentry *new = NULL;
if (inode && S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) {
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
spin_lock(&dcache_inode_lock);
new = __d_find_alias(inode, 1);
if (new) {
BUG_ON(!(new->d_flags & DCACHE_DISCONNECTED));
spin_unlock(&dcache_inode_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
security_d_instantiate(new, inode);
d_move(new, dentry);
iput(inode);
} else {
/* already taking dcache_lock, so d_add() by hand */
__d_instantiate(dentry, inode);
spin_unlock(&dcache_inode_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
security_d_instantiate(dentry, inode);
d_rehash(dentry);
}
} else
d_add(dentry, inode);
return new;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_splice_alias);
/**
* d_add_ci - lookup or allocate new dentry with case-exact name
* @inode: the inode case-insensitive lookup has found
* @dentry: the negative dentry that was passed to the parent's lookup func
* @name: the case-exact name to be associated with the returned dentry
*
* This is to avoid filling the dcache with case-insensitive names to the
* same inode, only the actual correct case is stored in the dcache for
* case-insensitive filesystems.
*
* For a case-insensitive lookup match and if the the case-exact dentry
* already exists in in the dcache, use it and return it.
*
* If no entry exists with the exact case name, allocate new dentry with
* the exact case, and return the spliced entry.
*/
struct dentry *d_add_ci(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode,
struct qstr *name)
{
int error;
struct dentry *found;
struct dentry *new;
/*
* First check if a dentry matching the name already exists,
* if not go ahead and create it now.
*/
found = d_hash_and_lookup(dentry->d_parent, name);
if (!found) {
new = d_alloc(dentry->d_parent, name);
if (!new) {
error = -ENOMEM;
goto err_out;
}
found = d_splice_alias(inode, new);
if (found) {
dput(new);
return found;
}
return new;
}
/*
* If a matching dentry exists, and it's not negative use it.
*
* Decrement the reference count to balance the iget() done
* earlier on.
*/
if (found->d_inode) {
if (unlikely(found->d_inode != inode)) {
/* This can't happen because bad inodes are unhashed. */
BUG_ON(!is_bad_inode(inode));
BUG_ON(!is_bad_inode(found->d_inode));
}
iput(inode);
return found;
}
/*
* Negative dentry: instantiate it unless the inode is a directory and
* already has a dentry.
*/
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
spin_lock(&dcache_inode_lock);
if (!S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || list_empty(&inode->i_dentry)) {
__d_instantiate(found, inode);
spin_unlock(&dcache_inode_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
security_d_instantiate(found, inode);
return found;
}
/*
* In case a directory already has a (disconnected) entry grab a
* reference to it, move it in place and use it.
*/
new = list_entry(inode->i_dentry.next, struct dentry, d_alias);
dget_locked(new);
spin_unlock(&dcache_inode_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
security_d_instantiate(found, inode);
d_move(new, found);
iput(inode);
dput(found);
return new;
err_out:
iput(inode);
return ERR_PTR(error);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_add_ci);
/**
* d_lookup - search for a dentry
* @parent: parent dentry
* @name: qstr of name we wish to find
* Returns: dentry, or NULL
*
* d_lookup searches the children of the parent dentry for the name in
* question. If the dentry is found its reference count is incremented and the
* dentry is returned. The caller must use dput to free the entry when it has
* finished using it. %NULL is returned if the dentry does not exist.
*/
struct dentry * d_lookup(struct dentry * parent, struct qstr * name)
{
struct dentry * dentry = NULL;
unsigned seq;
do {
seq = read_seqbegin(&rename_lock);
dentry = __d_lookup(parent, name);
if (dentry)
break;
} while (read_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq));
return dentry;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_lookup);
/*
* __d_lookup - search for a dentry (racy)
* @parent: parent dentry
* @name: qstr of name we wish to find
* Returns: dentry, or NULL
*
* __d_lookup is like d_lookup, however it may (rarely) return a
* false-negative result due to unrelated rename activity.
*
* __d_lookup is slightly faster by avoiding rename_lock read seqlock,
* however it must be used carefully, eg. with a following d_lookup in
* the case of failure.
*
* __d_lookup callers must be commented.
*/
struct dentry * __d_lookup(struct dentry * parent, struct qstr * name)
{
unsigned int len = name->len;
unsigned int hash = name->hash;
const unsigned char *str = name->name;
struct hlist_head *head = d_hash(parent,hash);
struct dentry *found = NULL;
struct hlist_node *node;
struct dentry *dentry;
/*
* The hash list is protected using RCU.
*
* Take d_lock when comparing a candidate dentry, to avoid races
* with d_move().
*
* It is possible that concurrent renames can mess up our list
* walk here and result in missing our dentry, resulting in the
* false-negative result. d_lookup() protects against concurrent
* renames using rename_lock seqlock.
*
* See Documentation/vfs/dcache-locking.txt for more details.
*/
rcu_read_lock();
hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(dentry, node, head, d_hash) {
struct qstr *qstr;
if (dentry->d_name.hash != hash)
continue;
if (dentry->d_parent != parent)
continue;
spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
/*
* Recheck the dentry after taking the lock - d_move may have
* changed things. Don't bother checking the hash because
* we're about to compare the whole name anyway.
*/
if (dentry->d_parent != parent)
goto next;
/* non-existing due to RCU? */
if (d_unhashed(dentry))
goto next;
/*
* It is safe to compare names since d_move() cannot
* change the qstr (protected by d_lock).
*/
qstr = &dentry->d_name;
if (parent->d_op && parent->d_op->d_compare) {
if (parent->d_op->d_compare(parent, parent->d_inode,
dentry, dentry->d_inode,
qstr->len, qstr->name, name))
goto next;
} else {
if (qstr->len != len)
goto next;
if (memcmp(qstr->name, str, len))
goto next;
}
dentry->d_count++;
found = dentry;
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
break;
next:
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
}
rcu_read_unlock();
return found;
}
/**
* d_hash_and_lookup - hash the qstr then search for a dentry
* @dir: Directory to search in
* @name: qstr of name we wish to find
*
* On hash failure or on lookup failure NULL is returned.
*/
struct dentry *d_hash_and_lookup(struct dentry *dir, struct qstr *name)
{
struct dentry *dentry = NULL;
/*
* Check for a fs-specific hash function. Note that we must
* calculate the standard hash first, as the d_op->d_hash()
* routine may choose to leave the hash value unchanged.
*/
name->hash = full_name_hash(name->name, name->len);
if (dir->d_op && dir->d_op->d_hash) {
if (dir->d_op->d_hash(dir, dir->d_inode, name) < 0)
goto out;
}
dentry = d_lookup(dir, name);
out:
return dentry;
}
/**
* d_validate - verify dentry provided from insecure source (deprecated)
* @dentry: The dentry alleged to be valid child of @dparent
* @dparent: The parent dentry (known to be valid)
*
* An insecure source has sent us a dentry, here we verify it and dget() it.
* This is used by ncpfs in its readdir implementation.
* Zero is returned in the dentry is invalid.
*
* This function is slow for big directories, and deprecated, do not use it.
*/
int d_validate(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *dparent)
{
struct dentry *child;
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
spin_lock(&dparent->d_lock);
list_for_each_entry(child, &dparent->d_subdirs, d_u.d_child) {
if (dentry == child) {
spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED);
__dget_locked_dlock(dentry);
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dparent->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
return 1;
}
}
spin_unlock(&dparent->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_validate);
/*
* When a file is deleted, we have two options:
* - turn this dentry into a negative dentry
* - unhash this dentry and free it.
*
* Usually, we want to just turn this into
* a negative dentry, but if anybody else is
* currently using the dentry or the inode
* we can't do that and we fall back on removing
* it from the hash queues and waiting for
* it to be deleted later when it has no users
*/
/**
* d_delete - delete a dentry
* @dentry: The dentry to delete
*
* Turn the dentry into a negative dentry if possible, otherwise
* remove it from the hash queues so it can be deleted later
*/
void d_delete(struct dentry * dentry)
{
int isdir = 0;
/*
* Are we the only user?
*/
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
spin_lock(&dcache_inode_lock);
spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
isdir = S_ISDIR(dentry->d_inode->i_mode);
if (dentry->d_count == 1) {
dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_CANT_MOUNT;
dentry_iput(dentry);
fsnotify_nameremove(dentry, isdir);
return;
}
if (!d_unhashed(dentry))
__d_drop(dentry);
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_inode_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
fsnotify_nameremove(dentry, isdir);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_delete);
static void __d_rehash(struct dentry * entry, struct hlist_head *list)
{
entry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_UNHASHED;
hlist_add_head_rcu(&entry->d_hash, list);
}
static void _d_rehash(struct dentry * entry)
{
__d_rehash(entry, d_hash(entry->d_parent, entry->d_name.hash));
}
/**
* d_rehash - add an entry back to the hash
* @entry: dentry to add to the hash
*
* Adds a dentry to the hash according to its name.
*/
void d_rehash(struct dentry * entry)
{
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
spin_lock(&entry->d_lock);
spin_lock(&dcache_hash_lock);
_d_rehash(entry);
spin_unlock(&dcache_hash_lock);
spin_unlock(&entry->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_rehash);
/**
* dentry_update_name_case - update case insensitive dentry with a new name
* @dentry: dentry to be updated
* @name: new name
*
* Update a case insensitive dentry with new case of name.
*
* dentry must have been returned by d_lookup with name @name. Old and new
* name lengths must match (ie. no d_compare which allows mismatched name
* lengths).
*
* Parent inode i_mutex must be held over d_lookup and into this call (to
* keep renames and concurrent inserts, and readdir(2) away).
*/
void dentry_update_name_case(struct dentry *dentry, struct qstr *name)
{
BUG_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&dentry->d_inode->i_mutex));
BUG_ON(dentry->d_name.len != name->len); /* d_lookup gives this */
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
memcpy((unsigned char *)dentry->d_name.name, name->name, name->len);
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dentry_update_name_case);
static void switch_names(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *target)
{
if (dname_external(target)) {
if (dname_external(dentry)) {
/*
* Both external: swap the pointers
*/
swap(target->d_name.name, dentry->d_name.name);
} else {
/*
* dentry:internal, target:external. Steal target's
* storage and make target internal.
*/
memcpy(target->d_iname, dentry->d_name.name,
dentry->d_name.len + 1);
dentry->d_name.name = target->d_name.name;
target->d_name.name = target->d_iname;
}
} else {
if (dname_external(dentry)) {
/*
* dentry:external, target:internal. Give dentry's
* storage to target and make dentry internal
*/
memcpy(dentry->d_iname, target->d_name.name,
target->d_name.len + 1);
target->d_name.name = dentry->d_name.name;
dentry->d_name.name = dentry->d_iname;
} else {
/*
* Both are internal. Just copy target to dentry
*/
memcpy(dentry->d_iname, target->d_name.name,
target->d_name.len + 1);
dentry->d_name.len = target->d_name.len;
return;
}
}
swap(dentry->d_name.len, target->d_name.len);
}
static void dentry_lock_for_move(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *target)
{
/*
* XXXX: do we really need to take target->d_lock?
*/
if (IS_ROOT(dentry) || dentry->d_parent == target->d_parent)
spin_lock(&target->d_parent->d_lock);
else {
if (d_ancestor(dentry->d_parent, target->d_parent)) {
spin_lock(&dentry->d_parent->d_lock);
spin_lock_nested(&target->d_parent->d_lock,
DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED);
} else {
spin_lock(&target->d_parent->d_lock);
spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_parent->d_lock,
DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED);
}
}
if (target < dentry) {
spin_lock_nested(&target->d_lock, 2);
spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, 3);
} else {
spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, 2);
spin_lock_nested(&target->d_lock, 3);
}
}
static void dentry_unlock_parents_for_move(struct dentry *dentry,
struct dentry *target)
{
if (target->d_parent != dentry->d_parent)
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_parent->d_lock);
if (target->d_parent != target)
spin_unlock(&target->d_parent->d_lock);
}
/*
* When switching names, the actual string doesn't strictly have to
* be preserved in the target - because we're dropping the target
* anyway. As such, we can just do a simple memcpy() to copy over
* the new name before we switch.
*
* Note that we have to be a lot more careful about getting the hash
* switched - we have to switch the hash value properly even if it
* then no longer matches the actual (corrupted) string of the target.
* The hash value has to match the hash queue that the dentry is on..
*/
/*
* d_move_locked - move a dentry
* @dentry: entry to move
* @target: new dentry
*
* Update the dcache to reflect the move of a file name. Negative
* dcache entries should not be moved in this way.
*/
static void d_move_locked(struct dentry * dentry, struct dentry * target)
{
if (!dentry->d_inode)
printk(KERN_WARNING "VFS: moving negative dcache entry\n");
BUG_ON(d_ancestor(dentry, target));
BUG_ON(d_ancestor(target, dentry));
write_seqlock(&rename_lock);
dentry_lock_for_move(dentry, target);
/* Move the dentry to the target hash queue, if on different bucket */
spin_lock(&dcache_hash_lock);
if (!d_unhashed(dentry))
hlist_del_rcu(&dentry->d_hash);
__d_rehash(dentry, d_hash(target->d_parent, target->d_name.hash));
spin_unlock(&dcache_hash_lock);
/* Unhash the target: dput() will then get rid of it */
__d_drop(target);
list_del(&dentry->d_u.d_child);
list_del(&target->d_u.d_child);
/* Switch the names.. */
switch_names(dentry, target);
swap(dentry->d_name.hash, target->d_name.hash);
/* ... and switch the parents */
if (IS_ROOT(dentry)) {
dentry->d_parent = target->d_parent;
target->d_parent = target;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&target->d_u.d_child);
} else {
swap(dentry->d_parent, target->d_parent);
/* And add them back to the (new) parent lists */
list_add(&target->d_u.d_child, &target->d_parent->d_subdirs);
}
list_add(&dentry->d_u.d_child, &dentry->d_parent->d_subdirs);
dentry_unlock_parents_for_move(dentry, target);
spin_unlock(&target->d_lock);
fsnotify_d_move(dentry);
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
write_sequnlock(&rename_lock);
}
/**
* d_move - move a dentry
* @dentry: entry to move
* @target: new dentry
*
* Update the dcache to reflect the move of a file name. Negative
* dcache entries should not be moved in this way.
*/
void d_move(struct dentry * dentry, struct dentry * target)
{
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
d_move_locked(dentry, target);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_move);
/**
* d_ancestor - search for an ancestor
* @p1: ancestor dentry
* @p2: child dentry
*
* Returns the ancestor dentry of p2 which is a child of p1, if p1 is
* an ancestor of p2, else NULL.
*/
struct dentry *d_ancestor(struct dentry *p1, struct dentry *p2)
{
struct dentry *p;
for (p = p2; !IS_ROOT(p); p = p->d_parent) {
if (p->d_parent == p1)
return p;
}
return NULL;
}
/*
* This helper attempts to cope with remotely renamed directories
*
* It assumes that the caller is already holding
* dentry->d_parent->d_inode->i_mutex and the dcache_lock
*
* Note: If ever the locking in lock_rename() changes, then please
* remember to update this too...
*/
static struct dentry *__d_unalias(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *alias)
__releases(dcache_lock)
__releases(dcache_inode_lock)
{
struct mutex *m1 = NULL, *m2 = NULL;
struct dentry *ret;
/* If alias and dentry share a parent, then no extra locks required */
if (alias->d_parent == dentry->d_parent)
goto out_unalias;
/* Check for loops */
ret = ERR_PTR(-ELOOP);
if (d_ancestor(alias, dentry))
goto out_err;
/* See lock_rename() */
ret = ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
if (!mutex_trylock(&dentry->d_sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex))
goto out_err;
m1 = &dentry->d_sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex;
if (!mutex_trylock(&alias->d_parent->d_inode->i_mutex))
goto out_err;
m2 = &alias->d_parent->d_inode->i_mutex;
out_unalias:
d_move_locked(alias, dentry);
ret = alias;
out_err:
spin_unlock(&dcache_inode_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
if (m2)
mutex_unlock(m2);
if (m1)
mutex_unlock(m1);
return ret;
}
/*
* Prepare an anonymous dentry for life in the superblock's dentry tree as a
* named dentry in place of the dentry to be replaced.
* returns with anon->d_lock held!
*/
static void __d_materialise_dentry(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *anon)
{
struct dentry *dparent, *aparent;
dentry_lock_for_move(anon, dentry);
dparent = dentry->d_parent;
aparent = anon->d_parent;
switch_names(dentry, anon);
swap(dentry->d_name.hash, anon->d_name.hash);
dentry->d_parent = (aparent == anon) ? dentry : aparent;
list_del(&dentry->d_u.d_child);
if (!IS_ROOT(dentry))
list_add(&dentry->d_u.d_child, &dentry->d_parent->d_subdirs);
else
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dentry->d_u.d_child);
anon->d_parent = (dparent == dentry) ? anon : dparent;
list_del(&anon->d_u.d_child);
if (!IS_ROOT(anon))
list_add(&anon->d_u.d_child, &anon->d_parent->d_subdirs);
else
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&anon->d_u.d_child);
dentry_unlock_parents_for_move(anon, dentry);
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
/* anon->d_lock still locked, returns locked */
anon->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_DISCONNECTED;
}
/**
* d_materialise_unique - introduce an inode into the tree
* @dentry: candidate dentry
* @inode: inode to bind to the dentry, to which aliases may be attached
*
* Introduces an dentry into the tree, substituting an extant disconnected
* root directory alias in its place if there is one
*/
struct dentry *d_materialise_unique(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode)
{
struct dentry *actual;
BUG_ON(!d_unhashed(dentry));
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
spin_lock(&dcache_inode_lock);
if (!inode) {
actual = dentry;
__d_instantiate(dentry, NULL);
goto found_lock;
}
if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) {
struct dentry *alias;
/* Does an aliased dentry already exist? */
alias = __d_find_alias(inode, 0);
if (alias) {
actual = alias;
/* Is this an anonymous mountpoint that we could splice
* into our tree? */
if (IS_ROOT(alias)) {
__d_materialise_dentry(dentry, alias);
__d_drop(alias);
goto found;
}
/* Nope, but we must(!) avoid directory aliasing */
actual = __d_unalias(dentry, alias);
if (IS_ERR(actual))
dput(alias);
goto out_nolock;
}
}
/* Add a unique reference */
actual = __d_instantiate_unique(dentry, inode);
if (!actual)
actual = dentry;
else if (unlikely(!d_unhashed(actual)))
goto shouldnt_be_hashed;
found_lock:
spin_lock(&actual->d_lock);
found:
spin_lock(&dcache_hash_lock);
_d_rehash(actual);
spin_unlock(&dcache_hash_lock);
spin_unlock(&actual->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_inode_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
out_nolock:
if (actual == dentry) {
security_d_instantiate(dentry, inode);
return NULL;
}
iput(inode);
return actual;
shouldnt_be_hashed:
spin_unlock(&dcache_inode_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
BUG();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(d_materialise_unique);
static int prepend(char **buffer, int *buflen, const char *str, int namelen)
{
*buflen -= namelen;
if (*buflen < 0)
return -ENAMETOOLONG;
*buffer -= namelen;
memcpy(*buffer, str, namelen);
return 0;
}
static int prepend_name(char **buffer, int *buflen, struct qstr *name)
{
return prepend(buffer, buflen, name->name, name->len);
}
/**
* Prepend path string to a buffer
*
* @path: the dentry/vfsmount to report
* @root: root vfsmnt/dentry (may be modified by this function)
* @buffer: pointer to the end of the buffer
* @buflen: pointer to buffer length
*
* Caller holds the rename_lock.
*
* If path is not reachable from the supplied root, then the value of
* root is changed (without modifying refcounts).
*/
static int prepend_path(const struct path *path, struct path *root,
char **buffer, int *buflen)
{
struct dentry *dentry = path->dentry;
struct vfsmount *vfsmnt = path->mnt;
bool slash = false;
int error = 0;
br_read_lock(vfsmount_lock);
while (dentry != root->dentry || vfsmnt != root->mnt) {
struct dentry * parent;
if (dentry == vfsmnt->mnt_root || IS_ROOT(dentry)) {
/* Global root? */
if (vfsmnt->mnt_parent == vfsmnt) {
goto global_root;
}
dentry = vfsmnt->mnt_mountpoint;
vfsmnt = vfsmnt->mnt_parent;
continue;
}
parent = dentry->d_parent;
prefetch(parent);
spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
error = prepend_name(buffer, buflen, &dentry->d_name);
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
if (!error)
error = prepend(buffer, buflen, "/", 1);
if (error)
break;
slash = true;
dentry = parent;
}
out:
if (!error && !slash)
error = prepend(buffer, buflen, "/", 1);
br_read_unlock(vfsmount_lock);
return error;
global_root:
/*
* Filesystems needing to implement special "root names"
* should do so with ->d_dname()
*/
if (IS_ROOT(dentry) &&
(dentry->d_name.len != 1 || dentry->d_name.name[0] != '/')) {
WARN(1, "Root dentry has weird name <%.*s>\n",
(int) dentry->d_name.len, dentry->d_name.name);
}
root->mnt = vfsmnt;
root->dentry = dentry;
goto out;
}
/**
* __d_path - return the path of a dentry
* @path: the dentry/vfsmount to report
* @root: root vfsmnt/dentry (may be modified by this function)
* @buf: buffer to return value in
* @buflen: buffer length
*
* Convert a dentry into an ASCII path name.
*
* Returns a pointer into the buffer or an error code if the
* path was too long.
*
* "buflen" should be positive.
*
* If path is not reachable from the supplied root, then the value of
* root is changed (without modifying refcounts).
*/
char *__d_path(const struct path *path, struct path *root,
char *buf, int buflen)
{
char *res = buf + buflen;
int error;
prepend(&res, &buflen, "\0", 1);
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
write_seqlock(&rename_lock);
error = prepend_path(path, root, &res, &buflen);
write_sequnlock(&rename_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
if (error)
return ERR_PTR(error);
return res;
}
/*
* same as __d_path but appends "(deleted)" for unlinked files.
*/
static int path_with_deleted(const struct path *path, struct path *root,
char **buf, int *buflen)
{
prepend(buf, buflen, "\0", 1);
if (d_unlinked(path->dentry)) {
int error = prepend(buf, buflen, " (deleted)", 10);
if (error)
return error;
}
return prepend_path(path, root, buf, buflen);
}
static int prepend_unreachable(char **buffer, int *buflen)
{
return prepend(buffer, buflen, "(unreachable)", 13);
}
/**
* d_path - return the path of a dentry
* @path: path to report
* @buf: buffer to return value in
* @buflen: buffer length
*
* Convert a dentry into an ASCII path name. If the entry has been deleted
* the string " (deleted)" is appended. Note that this is ambiguous.
*
* Returns a pointer into the buffer or an error code if the path was
* too long. Note: Callers should use the returned pointer, not the passed
* in buffer, to use the name! The implementation often starts at an offset
* into the buffer, and may leave 0 bytes at the start.
*
* "buflen" should be positive.
*/
char *d_path(const struct path *path, char *buf, int buflen)
{
char *res = buf + buflen;
struct path root;
struct path tmp;
int error;
/*
* We have various synthetic filesystems that never get mounted. On
* these filesystems dentries are never used for lookup purposes, and
* thus don't need to be hashed. They also don't need a name until a
* user wants to identify the object in /proc/pid/fd/. The little hack
* below allows us to generate a name for these objects on demand:
*/
if (path->dentry->d_op && path->dentry->d_op->d_dname)
return path->dentry->d_op->d_dname(path->dentry, buf, buflen);
get_fs_root(current->fs, &root);
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
write_seqlock(&rename_lock);
tmp = root;
error = path_with_deleted(path, &tmp, &res, &buflen);
if (error)
res = ERR_PTR(error);
write_sequnlock(&rename_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
path_put(&root);
return res;