original development tree for Linux kernel GTP module; now long in mainline.
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/*
* linux/kernel/ptrace.c
*
* (C) Copyright 1999 Linus Torvalds
*
* Common interfaces for "ptrace()" which we do not want
* to continually duplicate across every architecture.
*/
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/audit.h>
#include <linux/pid_namespace.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
/*
* ptrace a task: make the debugger its new parent and
* move it to the ptrace list.
*
* Must be called with the tasklist lock write-held.
*/
void __ptrace_link(struct task_struct *child, struct task_struct *new_parent)
{
BUG_ON(!list_empty(&child->ptrace_entry));
list_add(&child->ptrace_entry, &new_parent->ptraced);
child->parent = new_parent;
}
/*
* Turn a tracing stop into a normal stop now, since with no tracer there
* would be no way to wake it up with SIGCONT or SIGKILL. If there was a
* signal sent that would resume the child, but didn't because it was in
* TASK_TRACED, resume it now.
* Requires that irqs be disabled.
*/
void ptrace_untrace(struct task_struct *child)
{
spin_lock(&child->sighand->siglock);
if (task_is_traced(child)) {
if (child->signal->flags & SIGNAL_STOP_STOPPED) {
__set_task_state(child, TASK_STOPPED);
} else {
signal_wake_up(child, 1);
}
}
spin_unlock(&child->sighand->siglock);
}
/*
* unptrace a task: move it back to its original parent and
* remove it from the ptrace list.
*
* Must be called with the tasklist lock write-held.
*/
void __ptrace_unlink(struct task_struct *child)
{
BUG_ON(!child->ptrace);
child->ptrace = 0;
child->parent = child->real_parent;
list_del_init(&child->ptrace_entry);
if (task_is_traced(child))
ptrace_untrace(child);
}
/*
* Check that we have indeed attached to the thing..
*/
int ptrace_check_attach(struct task_struct *child, int kill)
{
int ret = -ESRCH;
/*
* We take the read lock around doing both checks to close a
* possible race where someone else was tracing our child and
* detached between these two checks. After this locked check,
* we are sure that this is our traced child and that can only
* be changed by us so it's not changing right after this.
*/
read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
if ((child->ptrace & PT_PTRACED) && child->parent == current) {
ret = 0;
/*
* child->sighand can't be NULL, release_task()
* does ptrace_unlink() before __exit_signal().
*/
spin_lock_irq(&child->sighand->siglock);
if (task_is_stopped(child))
child->state = TASK_TRACED;
else if (!task_is_traced(child) && !kill)
ret = -ESRCH;
spin_unlock_irq(&child->sighand->siglock);
}
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
if (!ret && !kill)
ret = wait_task_inactive(child, TASK_TRACED) ? 0 : -ESRCH;
/* All systems go.. */
return ret;
}
int __ptrace_may_access(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int mode)
{
/* May we inspect the given task?
* This check is used both for attaching with ptrace
* and for allowing access to sensitive information in /proc.
*
* ptrace_attach denies several cases that /proc allows
* because setting up the necessary parent/child relationship
* or halting the specified task is impossible.
*/
int dumpable = 0;
/* Don't let security modules deny introspection */
if (task == current)
return 0;
if (((current->uid != task->euid) ||
(current->uid != task->suid) ||
(current->uid != task->uid) ||
(current->gid != task->egid) ||
(current->gid != task->sgid) ||
(current->gid != task->gid)) && !capable(CAP_SYS_PTRACE))
return -EPERM;
smp_rmb();
if (task->mm)
dumpable = get_dumpable(task->mm);
if (!dumpable && !capable(CAP_SYS_PTRACE))
return -EPERM;
return security_ptrace(current, task, mode);
}
bool ptrace_may_access(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int mode)
{
int err;
task_lock(task);
err = __ptrace_may_access(task, mode);
task_unlock(task);
return (!err ? true : false);
}
int ptrace_attach(struct task_struct *task)
{
int retval;
unsigned long flags;
audit_ptrace(task);
retval = -EPERM;
if (same_thread_group(task, current))
goto out;
repeat:
/*
* Nasty, nasty.
*
* We want to hold both the task-lock and the
* tasklist_lock for writing at the same time.
* But that's against the rules (tasklist_lock
* is taken for reading by interrupts on other
* cpu's that may have task_lock).
*/
task_lock(task);
if (!write_trylock_irqsave(&tasklist_lock, flags)) {
task_unlock(task);
do {
cpu_relax();
} while (!write_can_lock(&tasklist_lock));
goto repeat;
}
if (!task->mm)
goto bad;
/* the same process cannot be attached many times */
if (task->ptrace & PT_PTRACED)
goto bad;
retval = __ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH);
if (retval)
goto bad;
/* Go */
task->ptrace |= PT_PTRACED;
if (capable(CAP_SYS_PTRACE))
task->ptrace |= PT_PTRACE_CAP;
__ptrace_link(task, current);
send_sig_info(SIGSTOP, SEND_SIG_FORCED, task);
bad:
write_unlock_irqrestore(&tasklist_lock, flags);
task_unlock(task);
out:
return retval;
}
static inline void __ptrace_detach(struct task_struct *child, unsigned int data)
{
child->exit_code = data;
/* .. re-parent .. */
__ptrace_unlink(child);
/* .. and wake it up. */
if (child->exit_state != EXIT_ZOMBIE)
wake_up_process(child);
}
int ptrace_detach(struct task_struct *child, unsigned int data)
{
if (!valid_signal(data))
return -EIO;
/* Architecture-specific hardware disable .. */
ptrace_disable(child);
clear_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE);
write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
/* protect against de_thread()->release_task() */
if (child->ptrace)
__ptrace_detach(child, data);
write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
return 0;
}
int ptrace_readdata(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long src, char __user *dst, int len)
{
int copied = 0;
while (len > 0) {
char buf[128];
int this_len, retval;
this_len = (len > sizeof(buf)) ? sizeof(buf) : len;
retval = access_process_vm(tsk, src, buf, this_len, 0);
if (!retval) {
if (copied)
break;
return -EIO;
}
if (copy_to_user(dst, buf, retval))
return -EFAULT;
copied += retval;
src += retval;
dst += retval;
len -= retval;
}
return copied;
}
int ptrace_writedata(struct task_struct *tsk, char __user *src, unsigned long dst, int len)
{
int copied = 0;
while (len > 0) {
char buf[128];
int this_len, retval;
this_len = (len > sizeof(buf)) ? sizeof(buf) : len;
if (copy_from_user(buf, src, this_len))
return -EFAULT;
retval = access_process_vm(tsk, dst, buf, this_len, 1);
if (!retval) {
if (copied)
break;
return -EIO;
}
copied += retval;
src += retval;
dst += retval;
len -= retval;
}
return copied;
}
static int ptrace_setoptions(struct task_struct *child, long data)
{
child->ptrace &= ~PT_TRACE_MASK;
if (data & PTRACE_O_TRACESYSGOOD)
child->ptrace |= PT_TRACESYSGOOD;
if (data & PTRACE_O_TRACEFORK)
child->ptrace |= PT_TRACE_FORK;
if (data & PTRACE_O_TRACEVFORK)
child->ptrace |= PT_TRACE_VFORK;
if (data & PTRACE_O_TRACECLONE)
child->ptrace |= PT_TRACE_CLONE;
if (data & PTRACE_O_TRACEEXEC)
child->ptrace |= PT_TRACE_EXEC;
if (data & PTRACE_O_TRACEVFORKDONE)
child->ptrace |= PT_TRACE_VFORK_DONE;
if (data & PTRACE_O_TRACEEXIT)
child->ptrace |= PT_TRACE_EXIT;
return (data & ~PTRACE_O_MASK) ? -EINVAL : 0;
}
static int ptrace_getsiginfo(struct task_struct *child, siginfo_t *info)
{
int error = -ESRCH;
read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
if (likely(child->sighand != NULL)) {
error = -EINVAL;
spin_lock_irq(&child->sighand->siglock);
if (likely(child->last_siginfo != NULL)) {
*info = *child->last_siginfo;
error = 0;
}
spin_unlock_irq(&child->sighand->siglock);
}
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
return error;
}
static int ptrace_setsiginfo(struct task_struct *child, const siginfo_t *info)
{
int error = -ESRCH;
read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
if (likely(child->sighand != NULL)) {
error = -EINVAL;
spin_lock_irq(&child->sighand->siglock);
if (likely(child->last_siginfo != NULL)) {
*child->last_siginfo = *info;
error = 0;
}
spin_unlock_irq(&child->sighand->siglock);
}
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
return error;
}
#ifdef PTRACE_SINGLESTEP
#define is_singlestep(request) ((request) == PTRACE_SINGLESTEP)
#else
#define is_singlestep(request) 0
#endif
#ifdef PTRACE_SINGLEBLOCK
#define is_singleblock(request) ((request) == PTRACE_SINGLEBLOCK)
#else
#define is_singleblock(request) 0
#endif
#ifdef PTRACE_SYSEMU
#define is_sysemu_singlestep(request) ((request) == PTRACE_SYSEMU_SINGLESTEP)
#else
#define is_sysemu_singlestep(request) 0
#endif
static int ptrace_resume(struct task_struct *child, long request, long data)
{
if (!valid_signal(data))
return -EIO;
if (request == PTRACE_SYSCALL)
set_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE);
else
clear_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE);
#ifdef TIF_SYSCALL_EMU
if (request == PTRACE_SYSEMU || request == PTRACE_SYSEMU_SINGLESTEP)
set_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_SYSCALL_EMU);
else
clear_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_SYSCALL_EMU);
#endif
if (is_singleblock(request)) {
if (unlikely(!arch_has_block_step()))
return -EIO;
user_enable_block_step(child);
} else if (is_singlestep(request) || is_sysemu_singlestep(request)) {
if (unlikely(!arch_has_single_step()))
return -EIO;
user_enable_single_step(child);
}
else
user_disable_single_step(child);
child->exit_code = data;
wake_up_process(child);
return 0;
}
int ptrace_request(struct task_struct *child, long request,
long addr, long data)
{
int ret = -EIO;
siginfo_t siginfo;
switch (request) {
case PTRACE_PEEKTEXT:
case PTRACE_PEEKDATA:
return generic_ptrace_peekdata(child, addr, data);
case PTRACE_POKETEXT:
case PTRACE_POKEDATA:
return generic_ptrace_pokedata(child, addr, data);
#ifdef PTRACE_OLDSETOPTIONS
case PTRACE_OLDSETOPTIONS:
#endif
case PTRACE_SETOPTIONS:
ret = ptrace_setoptions(child, data);
break;
case PTRACE_GETEVENTMSG:
ret = put_user(child->ptrace_message, (unsigned long __user *) data);
break;
case PTRACE_GETSIGINFO:
ret = ptrace_getsiginfo(child, &siginfo);
if (!ret)
ret = copy_siginfo_to_user((siginfo_t __user *) data,
&siginfo);
break;
case PTRACE_SETSIGINFO:
if (copy_from_user(&siginfo, (siginfo_t __user *) data,
sizeof siginfo))
ret = -EFAULT;
else
ret = ptrace_setsiginfo(child, &siginfo);
break;
case PTRACE_DETACH: /* detach a process that was attached. */
ret = ptrace_detach(child, data);
break;
#ifdef PTRACE_SINGLESTEP
case PTRACE_SINGLESTEP:
#endif
#ifdef PTRACE_SINGLEBLOCK
case PTRACE_SINGLEBLOCK:
#endif
#ifdef PTRACE_SYSEMU
case PTRACE_SYSEMU:
case PTRACE_SYSEMU_SINGLESTEP:
#endif
case PTRACE_SYSCALL:
case PTRACE_CONT:
return ptrace_resume(child, request, data);
case PTRACE_KILL:
if (child->exit_state) /* already dead */
return 0;
return ptrace_resume(child, request, SIGKILL);
default:
break;
}
return ret;
}
/**
* ptrace_traceme -- helper for PTRACE_TRACEME
*
* Performs checks and sets PT_PTRACED.
* Should be used by all ptrace implementations for PTRACE_TRACEME.
*/
int ptrace_traceme(void)
{
int ret = -EPERM;
/*
* Are we already being traced?
*/
repeat:
task_lock(current);
if (!(current->ptrace & PT_PTRACED)) {
/*
* See ptrace_attach() comments about the locking here.
*/
unsigned long flags;
if (!write_trylock_irqsave(&tasklist_lock, flags)) {
task_unlock(current);
do {
cpu_relax();
} while (!write_can_lock(&tasklist_lock));
goto repeat;
}
ret = security_ptrace(current->parent, current,
PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH);
/*
* Set the ptrace bit in the process ptrace flags.
* Then link us on our parent's ptraced list.
*/
if (!ret) {
current->ptrace |= PT_PTRACED;
__ptrace_link(current, current->real_parent);
}
write_unlock_irqrestore(&tasklist_lock, flags);
}
task_unlock(current);
return ret;
}
/**
* ptrace_get_task_struct -- grab a task struct reference for ptrace
* @pid: process id to grab a task_struct reference of
*
* This function is a helper for ptrace implementations. It checks
* permissions and then grabs a task struct for use of the actual
* ptrace implementation.
*
* Returns the task_struct for @pid or an ERR_PTR() on failure.
*/
struct task_struct *ptrace_get_task_struct(pid_t pid)
{
struct task_struct *child;
read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
child = find_task_by_vpid(pid);
if (child)
get_task_struct(child);
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
if (!child)
return ERR_PTR(-ESRCH);
return child;
}
#ifndef arch_ptrace_attach
#define arch_ptrace_attach(child) do { } while (0)
#endif
asmlinkage long sys_ptrace(long request, long pid, long addr, long data)
{
struct task_struct *child;
long ret;
/*
* This lock_kernel fixes a subtle race with suid exec
*/
lock_kernel();
if (request == PTRACE_TRACEME) {
ret = ptrace_traceme();
if (!ret)
arch_ptrace_attach(current);
goto out;
}
child = ptrace_get_task_struct(pid);
if (IS_ERR(child)) {
ret = PTR_ERR(child);
goto out;
}
if (request == PTRACE_ATTACH) {
ret = ptrace_attach(child);
/*
* Some architectures need to do book-keeping after
* a ptrace attach.
*/
if (!ret)
arch_ptrace_attach(child);
goto out_put_task_struct;
}
ret = ptrace_check_attach(child, request == PTRACE_KILL);
if (ret < 0)
goto out_put_task_struct;
ret = arch_ptrace(child, request, addr, data);
if (ret < 0)
goto out_put_task_struct;
out_put_task_struct:
put_task_struct(child);
out:
unlock_kernel();
return ret;
}
int generic_ptrace_peekdata(struct task_struct *tsk, long addr, long data)
{
unsigned long tmp;
int copied;
copied = access_process_vm(tsk, addr, &tmp, sizeof(tmp), 0);
if (copied != sizeof(tmp))
return -EIO;
return put_user(tmp, (unsigned long __user *)data);
}
int generic_ptrace_pokedata(struct task_struct *tsk, long addr, long data)
{
int copied;
copied = access_process_vm(tsk, addr, &data, sizeof(data), 1);
return (copied == sizeof(data)) ? 0 : -EIO;
}
#if defined CONFIG_COMPAT && defined __ARCH_WANT_COMPAT_SYS_PTRACE
#include <linux/compat.h>
int compat_ptrace_request(struct task_struct *child, compat_long_t request,
compat_ulong_t addr, compat_ulong_t data)
{
compat_ulong_t __user *datap = compat_ptr(data);
compat_ulong_t word;
siginfo_t siginfo;
int ret;
switch (request) {
case PTRACE_PEEKTEXT:
case PTRACE_PEEKDATA:
ret = access_process_vm(child, addr, &word, sizeof(word), 0);
if (ret != sizeof(word))
ret = -EIO;
else
ret = put_user(word, datap);
break;
case PTRACE_POKETEXT:
case PTRACE_POKEDATA:
ret = access_process_vm(child, addr, &data, sizeof(data), 1);
ret = (ret != sizeof(data) ? -EIO : 0);
break;
case PTRACE_GETEVENTMSG:
ret = put_user((compat_ulong_t) child->ptrace_message, datap);
break;
case PTRACE_GETSIGINFO:
ret = ptrace_getsiginfo(child, &siginfo);
if (!ret)
ret = copy_siginfo_to_user32(
(struct compat_siginfo __user *) datap,
&siginfo);
break;
case PTRACE_SETSIGINFO:
memset(&siginfo, 0, sizeof siginfo);
if (copy_siginfo_from_user32(
&siginfo, (struct compat_siginfo __user *) datap))
ret = -EFAULT;
else
ret = ptrace_setsiginfo(child, &siginfo);
break;
default:
ret = ptrace_request(child, request, addr, data);
}
return ret;
}
asmlinkage long compat_sys_ptrace(compat_long_t request, compat_long_t pid,
compat_long_t addr, compat_long_t data)
{
struct task_struct *child;
long ret;
/*
* This lock_kernel fixes a subtle race with suid exec
*/
lock_kernel();
if (request == PTRACE_TRACEME) {
ret = ptrace_traceme();
goto out;
}
child = ptrace_get_task_struct(pid);
if (IS_ERR(child)) {
ret = PTR_ERR(child);
goto out;
}
if (request == PTRACE_ATTACH) {
ret = ptrace_attach(child);
/*
* Some architectures need to do book-keeping after
* a ptrace attach.
*/
if (!ret)
arch_ptrace_attach(child);
goto out_put_task_struct;
}
ret = ptrace_check_attach(child, request == PTRACE_KILL);
if (!ret)
ret = compat_arch_ptrace(child, request, addr, data);
out_put_task_struct:
put_task_struct(child);
out:
unlock_kernel();
return ret;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_COMPAT && __ARCH_WANT_COMPAT_SYS_PTRACE */