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Eric W. Biederman
Modify the request_module to prefix the file system type with "fs-" and add aliases to all of the filesystems that can be built as modules to match. A common practice is to build all of the kernel code and leave code that is not commonly needed as modules, with the result that many users are exposed to any bug anywhere in the kernel. Looking for filesystems with a fs- prefix limits the pool of possible modules that can be loaded by mount to just filesystems trivially making things safer with no real cost. Using aliases means user space can control the policy of which filesystem modules are auto-loaded by editing /etc/modprobe.d/*.conf with blacklist and alias directives. Allowing simple, safe, well understood work-arounds to known problematic software. This also addresses a rare but unfortunate problem where the filesystem name is not the same as it's module name and module auto-loading would not work. While writing this patch I saw a handful of such cases. The most significant being autofs that lives in the module autofs4. This is relevant to user namespaces because we can reach the request module in get_fs_type() without having any special permissions, and people get uncomfortable when a user specified string (in this case the filesystem type) goes all of the way to request_module. After having looked at this issue I don't think there is any particular reason to perform any filtering or permission checks beyond making it clear in the module request that we want a filesystem module. The common pattern in the kernel is to call request_module() without regards to the users permissions. In general all a filesystem module does once loaded is call register_filesystem() and go to sleep. Which means there is not much attack surface exposed by loading a filesytem module unless the filesystem is mounted. In a user namespace filesystems are not mounted unless .fs_flags = FS_USERNS_MOUNT, which most filesystems do not set today. Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <firstname.lastname@example.org> Acked-by: Kees Cook <email@example.com> Reported-by: Kees Cook <firstname.lastname@example.org> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <email@example.com>
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To understand all the Linux-USB framework, you'll use these resources:
* This source code. This is necessarily an evolving work, and
includes kerneldoc that should help you get a current overview.
("make pdfdocs", and then look at "usb.pdf" for host side and
"gadget.pdf" for peripheral side.) Also, Documentation/usb has
* The USB 2.0 specification (from www.usb.org), with supplements
such as those for USB OTG and the various device classes.
The USB specification has a good overview chapter, and USB
peripherals conform to the widely known "Chapter 9".
* Chip specifications for USB controllers. Examples include
host controllers (on PCs, servers, and more); peripheral
controllers (in devices with Linux firmware, like printers or
cell phones); and hard-wired peripherals like Ethernet adapters.
* Specifications for other protocols implemented by USB peripheral
functions. Some are vendor-specific; others are vendor-neutral
but just standardized outside of the www.usb.org team.
Here is a list of what each subdirectory here is, and what is contained in
core/ - This is for the core USB host code, including the
usbfs files and the hub class driver ("khubd").
host/ - This is for USB host controller drivers. This
includes UHCI, OHCI, EHCI, and others that might
be used with more specialized "embedded" systems.
gadget/ - This is for USB peripheral controller drivers and
the various gadget drivers which talk to them.
Individual USB driver directories. A new driver should be added to the
first subdirectory in the list below that it fits into.
image/ - This is for still image drivers, like scanners or
../input/ - This is for any driver that uses the input subsystem,
like keyboard, mice, touchscreens, tablets, etc.
../media/ - This is for multimedia drivers, like video cameras,
radios, and any other drivers that talk to the v4l
../net/ - This is for network drivers.
serial/ - This is for USB to serial drivers.
storage/ - This is for USB mass-storage drivers.
class/ - This is for all USB device drivers that do not fit
into any of the above categories, and work for a range
of USB Class specified devices.
misc/ - This is for all USB device drivers that do not fit
into any of the above categories.