original development tree for Linux kernel GTP module; now long in mainline.
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/*
* linux/kernel/exit.c
*
* Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds
*/
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/personality.h>
#include <linux/tty.h>
#include <linux/mnt_namespace.h>
#include <linux/key.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/acct.h>
#include <linux/tsacct_kern.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/binfmts.h>
#include <linux/nsproxy.h>
#include <linux/pid_namespace.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/profile.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/mempolicy.h>
#include <linux/taskstats_kern.h>
#include <linux/delayacct.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/cgroup.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/posix-timers.h>
#include <linux/cn_proc.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/futex.h>
#include <linux/compat.h>
#include <linux/pipe_fs_i.h>
#include <linux/audit.h> /* for audit_free() */
#include <linux/resource.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/task_io_accounting_ops.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/unistd.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
static void exit_mm(struct task_struct * tsk);
static void __unhash_process(struct task_struct *p)
{
nr_threads--;
detach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PID);
if (thread_group_leader(p)) {
detach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PGID);
detach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_SID);
list_del_rcu(&p->tasks);
__get_cpu_var(process_counts)--;
}
list_del_rcu(&p->thread_group);
remove_parent(p);
}
/*
* This function expects the tasklist_lock write-locked.
*/
static void __exit_signal(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
struct signal_struct *sig = tsk->signal;
struct sighand_struct *sighand;
BUG_ON(!sig);
BUG_ON(!atomic_read(&sig->count));
rcu_read_lock();
sighand = rcu_dereference(tsk->sighand);
spin_lock(&sighand->siglock);
posix_cpu_timers_exit(tsk);
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&sig->count))
posix_cpu_timers_exit_group(tsk);
else {
/*
* If there is any task waiting for the group exit
* then notify it:
*/
if (sig->group_exit_task && atomic_read(&sig->count) == sig->notify_count)
wake_up_process(sig->group_exit_task);
if (tsk == sig->curr_target)
sig->curr_target = next_thread(tsk);
/*
* Accumulate here the counters for all threads but the
* group leader as they die, so they can be added into
* the process-wide totals when those are taken.
* The group leader stays around as a zombie as long
* as there are other threads. When it gets reaped,
* the exit.c code will add its counts into these totals.
* We won't ever get here for the group leader, since it
* will have been the last reference on the signal_struct.
*/
sig->utime = cputime_add(sig->utime, tsk->utime);
sig->stime = cputime_add(sig->stime, tsk->stime);
sig->gtime = cputime_add(sig->gtime, tsk->gtime);
sig->min_flt += tsk->min_flt;
sig->maj_flt += tsk->maj_flt;
sig->nvcsw += tsk->nvcsw;
sig->nivcsw += tsk->nivcsw;
sig->inblock += task_io_get_inblock(tsk);
sig->oublock += task_io_get_oublock(tsk);
sig->sum_sched_runtime += tsk->se.sum_exec_runtime;
sig = NULL; /* Marker for below. */
}
__unhash_process(tsk);
tsk->signal = NULL;
tsk->sighand = NULL;
spin_unlock(&sighand->siglock);
rcu_read_unlock();
__cleanup_sighand(sighand);
clear_tsk_thread_flag(tsk,TIF_SIGPENDING);
flush_sigqueue(&tsk->pending);
if (sig) {
flush_sigqueue(&sig->shared_pending);
taskstats_tgid_free(sig);
__cleanup_signal(sig);
}
}
static void delayed_put_task_struct(struct rcu_head *rhp)
{
put_task_struct(container_of(rhp, struct task_struct, rcu));
}
void release_task(struct task_struct * p)
{
struct task_struct *leader;
int zap_leader;
repeat:
atomic_dec(&p->user->processes);
proc_flush_task(p);
write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
ptrace_unlink(p);
BUG_ON(!list_empty(&p->ptrace_list) || !list_empty(&p->ptrace_children));
__exit_signal(p);
/*
* If we are the last non-leader member of the thread
* group, and the leader is zombie, then notify the
* group leader's parent process. (if it wants notification.)
*/
zap_leader = 0;
leader = p->group_leader;
if (leader != p && thread_group_empty(leader) && leader->exit_state == EXIT_ZOMBIE) {
BUG_ON(leader->exit_signal == -1);
do_notify_parent(leader, leader->exit_signal);
/*
* If we were the last child thread and the leader has
* exited already, and the leader's parent ignores SIGCHLD,
* then we are the one who should release the leader.
*
* do_notify_parent() will have marked it self-reaping in
* that case.
*/
zap_leader = (leader->exit_signal == -1);
}
write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
release_thread(p);
call_rcu(&p->rcu, delayed_put_task_struct);
p = leader;
if (unlikely(zap_leader))
goto repeat;
}
/*
* This checks not only the pgrp, but falls back on the pid if no
* satisfactory pgrp is found. I dunno - gdb doesn't work correctly
* without this...
*
* The caller must hold rcu lock or the tasklist lock.
*/
struct pid *session_of_pgrp(struct pid *pgrp)
{
struct task_struct *p;
struct pid *sid = NULL;
p = pid_task(pgrp, PIDTYPE_PGID);
if (p == NULL)
p = pid_task(pgrp, PIDTYPE_PID);
if (p != NULL)
sid = task_session(p);
return sid;
}
/*
* Determine if a process group is "orphaned", according to the POSIX
* definition in 2.2.2.52. Orphaned process groups are not to be affected
* by terminal-generated stop signals. Newly orphaned process groups are
* to receive a SIGHUP and a SIGCONT.
*
* "I ask you, have you ever known what it is to be an orphan?"
*/
static int will_become_orphaned_pgrp(struct pid *pgrp, struct task_struct *ignored_task)
{
struct task_struct *p;
do_each_pid_task(pgrp, PIDTYPE_PGID, p) {
if ((p == ignored_task) ||
(p->exit_state && thread_group_empty(p)) ||
is_global_init(p->real_parent))
continue;
if (task_pgrp(p->real_parent) != pgrp &&
task_session(p->real_parent) == task_session(p))
return 0;
} while_each_pid_task(pgrp, PIDTYPE_PGID, p);
return 1;
}
int is_current_pgrp_orphaned(void)
{
int retval;
read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
retval = will_become_orphaned_pgrp(task_pgrp(current), NULL);
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
return retval;
}
static int has_stopped_jobs(struct pid *pgrp)
{
int retval = 0;
struct task_struct *p;
do_each_pid_task(pgrp, PIDTYPE_PGID, p) {
if (!task_is_stopped(p))
continue;
retval = 1;
break;
} while_each_pid_task(pgrp, PIDTYPE_PGID, p);
return retval;
}
/*
* Check to see if any process groups have become orphaned as
* a result of our exiting, and if they have any stopped jobs,
* send them a SIGHUP and then a SIGCONT. (POSIX 3.2.2.2)
*/
static void
kill_orphaned_pgrp(struct task_struct *tsk, struct task_struct *parent)
{
struct pid *pgrp = task_pgrp(tsk);
struct task_struct *ignored_task = tsk;
if (!parent)
/* exit: our father is in a different pgrp than
* we are and we were the only connection outside.
*/
parent = tsk->real_parent;
else
/* reparent: our child is in a different pgrp than
* we are, and it was the only connection outside.
*/
ignored_task = NULL;
if (task_pgrp(parent) != pgrp &&
task_session(parent) == task_session(tsk) &&
will_become_orphaned_pgrp(pgrp, ignored_task) &&
has_stopped_jobs(pgrp)) {
__kill_pgrp_info(SIGHUP, SEND_SIG_PRIV, pgrp);
__kill_pgrp_info(SIGCONT, SEND_SIG_PRIV, pgrp);
}
}
/**
* reparent_to_kthreadd - Reparent the calling kernel thread to kthreadd
*
* If a kernel thread is launched as a result of a system call, or if
* it ever exits, it should generally reparent itself to kthreadd so it
* isn't in the way of other processes and is correctly cleaned up on exit.
*
* The various task state such as scheduling policy and priority may have
* been inherited from a user process, so we reset them to sane values here.
*
* NOTE that reparent_to_kthreadd() gives the caller full capabilities.
*/
static void reparent_to_kthreadd(void)
{
write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
ptrace_unlink(current);
/* Reparent to init */
remove_parent(current);
current->real_parent = current->parent = kthreadd_task;
add_parent(current);
/* Set the exit signal to SIGCHLD so we signal init on exit */
current->exit_signal = SIGCHLD;
if (task_nice(current) < 0)
set_user_nice(current, 0);
/* cpus_allowed? */
/* rt_priority? */
/* signals? */
security_task_reparent_to_init(current);
memcpy(current->signal->rlim, init_task.signal->rlim,
sizeof(current->signal->rlim));
atomic_inc(&(INIT_USER->__count));
write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
switch_uid(INIT_USER);
}
void __set_special_pids(struct pid *pid)
{
struct task_struct *curr = current->group_leader;
pid_t nr = pid_nr(pid);
if (task_session(curr) != pid) {
detach_pid(curr, PIDTYPE_SID);
attach_pid(curr, PIDTYPE_SID, pid);
set_task_session(curr, nr);
}
if (task_pgrp(curr) != pid) {
detach_pid(curr, PIDTYPE_PGID);
attach_pid(curr, PIDTYPE_PGID, pid);
set_task_pgrp(curr, nr);
}
}
static void set_special_pids(struct pid *pid)
{
write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
__set_special_pids(pid);
write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
}
/*
* Let kernel threads use this to say that they
* allow a certain signal (since daemonize() will
* have disabled all of them by default).
*/
int allow_signal(int sig)
{
if (!valid_signal(sig) || sig < 1)
return -EINVAL;
spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
sigdelset(&current->blocked, sig);
if (!current->mm) {
/* Kernel threads handle their own signals.
Let the signal code know it'll be handled, so
that they don't get converted to SIGKILL or
just silently dropped */
current->sighand->action[(sig)-1].sa.sa_handler = (void __user *)2;
}
recalc_sigpending();
spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(allow_signal);
int disallow_signal(int sig)
{
if (!valid_signal(sig) || sig < 1)
return -EINVAL;
spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
current->sighand->action[(sig)-1].sa.sa_handler = SIG_IGN;
recalc_sigpending();
spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(disallow_signal);
/*
* Put all the gunge required to become a kernel thread without
* attached user resources in one place where it belongs.
*/
void daemonize(const char *name, ...)
{
va_list args;
struct fs_struct *fs;
sigset_t blocked;
va_start(args, name);
vsnprintf(current->comm, sizeof(current->comm), name, args);
va_end(args);
/*
* If we were started as result of loading a module, close all of the
* user space pages. We don't need them, and if we didn't close them
* they would be locked into memory.
*/
exit_mm(current);
/*
* We don't want to have TIF_FREEZE set if the system-wide hibernation
* or suspend transition begins right now.
*/
current->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
if (current->nsproxy != &init_nsproxy) {
get_nsproxy(&init_nsproxy);
switch_task_namespaces(current, &init_nsproxy);
}
set_special_pids(&init_struct_pid);
proc_clear_tty(current);
/* Block and flush all signals */
sigfillset(&blocked);
sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &blocked, NULL);
flush_signals(current);
/* Become as one with the init task */
exit_fs(current); /* current->fs->count--; */
fs = init_task.fs;
current->fs = fs;
atomic_inc(&fs->count);
exit_files(current);
current->files = init_task.files;
atomic_inc(&current->files->count);
reparent_to_kthreadd();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(daemonize);
static void close_files(struct files_struct * files)
{
int i, j;
struct fdtable *fdt;
j = 0;
/*
* It is safe to dereference the fd table without RCU or
* ->file_lock because this is the last reference to the
* files structure.
*/
fdt = files_fdtable(files);
for (;;) {
unsigned long set;
i = j * __NFDBITS;
if (i >= fdt->max_fds)
break;
set = fdt->open_fds->fds_bits[j++];
while (set) {
if (set & 1) {
struct file * file = xchg(&fdt->fd[i], NULL);
if (file) {
filp_close(file, files);
cond_resched();
}
}
i++;
set >>= 1;
}
}
}
struct files_struct *get_files_struct(struct task_struct *task)
{
struct files_struct *files;
task_lock(task);
files = task->files;
if (files)
atomic_inc(&files->count);
task_unlock(task);
return files;
}
void put_files_struct(struct files_struct *files)
{
struct fdtable *fdt;
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&files->count)) {
close_files(files);
/*
* Free the fd and fdset arrays if we expanded them.
* If the fdtable was embedded, pass files for freeing
* at the end of the RCU grace period. Otherwise,
* you can free files immediately.
*/
fdt = files_fdtable(files);
if (fdt != &files->fdtab)
kmem_cache_free(files_cachep, files);
free_fdtable(fdt);
}
}
void reset_files_struct(struct files_struct *files)
{
struct task_struct *tsk = current;
struct files_struct *old;
old = tsk->files;
task_lock(tsk);
tsk->files = files;
task_unlock(tsk);
put_files_struct(old);
}
void exit_files(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
struct files_struct * files = tsk->files;
if (files) {
task_lock(tsk);
tsk->files = NULL;
task_unlock(tsk);
put_files_struct(files);
}
}
void put_fs_struct(struct fs_struct *fs)
{
/* No need to hold fs->lock if we are killing it */
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&fs->count)) {
path_put(&fs->root);
path_put(&fs->pwd);
if (fs->altroot.dentry)
path_put(&fs->altroot);
kmem_cache_free(fs_cachep, fs);
}
}
void exit_fs(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
struct fs_struct * fs = tsk->fs;
if (fs) {
task_lock(tsk);
tsk->fs = NULL;
task_unlock(tsk);
put_fs_struct(fs);
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(exit_fs);
/*
* Turn us into a lazy TLB process if we
* aren't already..
*/
static void exit_mm(struct task_struct * tsk)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = tsk->mm;
mm_release(tsk, mm);
if (!mm)
return;
/*
* Serialize with any possible pending coredump.
* We must hold mmap_sem around checking core_waiters
* and clearing tsk->mm. The core-inducing thread
* will increment core_waiters for each thread in the
* group with ->mm != NULL.
*/
down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
if (mm->core_waiters) {
up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
if (!--mm->core_waiters)
complete(mm->core_startup_done);
up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
wait_for_completion(&mm->core_done);
down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
}
atomic_inc(&mm->mm_count);
BUG_ON(mm != tsk->active_mm);
/* more a memory barrier than a real lock */
task_lock(tsk);
tsk->mm = NULL;
up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
enter_lazy_tlb(mm, current);
/* We don't want this task to be frozen prematurely */
clear_freeze_flag(tsk);
task_unlock(tsk);
mmput(mm);
}
static void
reparent_thread(struct task_struct *p, struct task_struct *father, int traced)
{
if (p->pdeath_signal)
/* We already hold the tasklist_lock here. */
group_send_sig_info(p->pdeath_signal, SEND_SIG_NOINFO, p);
/* Move the child from its dying parent to the new one. */
if (unlikely(traced)) {
/* Preserve ptrace links if someone else is tracing this child. */
list_del_init(&p->ptrace_list);
if (p->parent != p->real_parent)
list_add(&p->ptrace_list, &p->real_parent->ptrace_children);
} else {
/* If this child is being traced, then we're the one tracing it
* anyway, so let go of it.
*/
p->ptrace = 0;
remove_parent(p);
p->parent = p->real_parent;
add_parent(p);
if (task_is_traced(p)) {
/*
* If it was at a trace stop, turn it into
* a normal stop since it's no longer being
* traced.
*/
ptrace_untrace(p);
}
}
/* If this is a threaded reparent there is no need to
* notify anyone anything has happened.
*/
if (p->real_parent->group_leader == father->group_leader)
return;
/* We don't want people slaying init. */
if (p->exit_signal != -1)
p->exit_signal = SIGCHLD;
/* If we'd notified the old parent about this child's death,
* also notify the new parent.
*/
if (!traced && p->exit_state == EXIT_ZOMBIE &&
p->exit_signal != -1 && thread_group_empty(p))
do_notify_parent(p, p->exit_signal);
kill_orphaned_pgrp(p, father);
}
/*
* When we die, we re-parent all our children.
* Try to give them to another thread in our thread
* group, and if no such member exists, give it to
* the child reaper process (ie "init") in our pid
* space.
*/
static void forget_original_parent(struct task_struct *father)
{
struct task_struct *p, *n, *reaper = father;
struct list_head ptrace_dead;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ptrace_dead);
write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
do {
reaper = next_thread(reaper);
if (reaper == father) {
reaper = task_child_reaper(father);
break;
}
} while (reaper->flags & PF_EXITING);
/*
* There are only two places where our children can be:
*
* - in our child list
* - in our ptraced child list
*
* Search them and reparent children.
*/
list_for_each_entry_safe(p, n, &father->children, sibling) {
int ptrace;
ptrace = p->ptrace;
/* if father isn't the real parent, then ptrace must be enabled */
BUG_ON(father != p->real_parent && !ptrace);
if (father == p->real_parent) {
/* reparent with a reaper, real father it's us */
p->real_parent = reaper;
reparent_thread(p, father, 0);
} else {
/* reparent ptraced task to its real parent */
__ptrace_unlink (p);
if (p->exit_state == EXIT_ZOMBIE && p->exit_signal != -1 &&
thread_group_empty(p))
do_notify_parent(p, p->exit_signal);
}
/*
* if the ptraced child is a zombie with exit_signal == -1
* we must collect it before we exit, or it will remain
* zombie forever since we prevented it from self-reap itself
* while it was being traced by us, to be able to see it in wait4.
*/
if (unlikely(ptrace && p->exit_state == EXIT_ZOMBIE && p->exit_signal == -1))
list_add(&p->ptrace_list, &ptrace_dead);
}
list_for_each_entry_safe(p, n, &father->ptrace_children, ptrace_list) {
p->real_parent = reaper;
reparent_thread(p, father, 1);
}
write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
BUG_ON(!list_empty(&father->children));
BUG_ON(!list_empty(&father->ptrace_children));
list_for_each_entry_safe(p, n, &ptrace_dead, ptrace_list) {
list_del_init(&p->ptrace_list);
release_task(p);
}
}
/*
* Send signals to all our closest relatives so that they know
* to properly mourn us..
*/
static void exit_notify(struct task_struct *tsk, int group_dead)
{
int state;
/*
* This does two things:
*
* A. Make init inherit all the child processes
* B. Check to see if any process groups have become orphaned
* as a result of our exiting, and if they have any stopped
* jobs, send them a SIGHUP and then a SIGCONT. (POSIX 3.2.2.2)
*/
forget_original_parent(tsk);
exit_task_namespaces(tsk);
write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
if (group_dead)
kill_orphaned_pgrp(tsk->group_leader, NULL);
/* Let father know we died
*
* Thread signals are configurable, but you aren't going to use
* that to send signals to arbitary processes.
* That stops right now.
*
* If the parent exec id doesn't match the exec id we saved
* when we started then we know the parent has changed security
* domain.
*
* If our self_exec id doesn't match our parent_exec_id then
* we have changed execution domain as these two values started
* the same after a fork.
*/
if (tsk->exit_signal != SIGCHLD && tsk->exit_signal != -1 &&
(tsk->parent_exec_id != tsk->real_parent->self_exec_id ||
tsk->self_exec_id != tsk->parent_exec_id)
&& !capable(CAP_KILL))
tsk->exit_signal = SIGCHLD;
/* If something other than our normal parent is ptracing us, then
* send it a SIGCHLD instead of honoring exit_signal. exit_signal
* only has special meaning to our real parent.
*/
if (tsk->exit_signal != -1 && thread_group_empty(tsk)) {
int signal = tsk->parent == tsk->real_parent ? tsk->exit_signal : SIGCHLD;
do_notify_parent(tsk, signal);
} else if (tsk->ptrace) {
do_notify_parent(tsk, SIGCHLD);
}
state = EXIT_ZOMBIE;
if (tsk->exit_signal == -1 && likely(!tsk->ptrace))
state = EXIT_DEAD;
tsk->exit_state = state;
if (thread_group_leader(tsk) &&
tsk->signal->notify_count < 0 &&
tsk->signal->group_exit_task)
wake_up_process(tsk->signal->group_exit_task);
write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
/* If the process is dead, release it - nobody will wait for it */
if (state == EXIT_DEAD)
release_task(tsk);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_STACK_USAGE
static void check_stack_usage(void)
{
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(low_water_lock);
static int lowest_to_date = THREAD_SIZE;
unsigned long *n = end_of_stack(current);
unsigned long free;
while (*n == 0)
n++;
free = (unsigned long)n - (unsigned long)end_of_stack(current);
if (free >= lowest_to_date)
return;
spin_lock(&low_water_lock);
if (free < lowest_to_date) {
printk(KERN_WARNING "%s used greatest stack depth: %lu bytes "
"left\n",
current->comm, free);
lowest_to_date = free;
}
spin_unlock(&low_water_lock);
}
#else
static inline void check_stack_usage(void) {}
#endif
static inline void exit_child_reaper(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
if (likely(tsk->group_leader != task_child_reaper(tsk)))
return;
if (tsk->nsproxy->pid_ns == &init_pid_ns)
panic("Attempted to kill init!");
/*
* @tsk is the last thread in the 'cgroup-init' and is exiting.
* Terminate all remaining processes in the namespace and reap them
* before exiting @tsk.
*
* Note that @tsk (last thread of cgroup-init) may not necessarily
* be the child-reaper (i.e main thread of cgroup-init) of the
* namespace i.e the child_reaper may have already exited.
*
* Even after a child_reaper exits, we let it inherit orphaned children,
* because, pid_ns->child_reaper remains valid as long as there is
* at least one living sub-thread in the cgroup init.
* This living sub-thread of the cgroup-init will be notified when
* a child inherited by the 'child-reaper' exits (do_notify_parent()
* uses __group_send_sig_info()). Further, when reaping child processes,
* do_wait() iterates over children of all living sub threads.
* i.e even though 'child_reaper' thread is listed as the parent of the
* orphaned children, any living sub-thread in the cgroup-init can
* perform the role of the child_reaper.
*/
zap_pid_ns_processes(tsk->nsproxy->pid_ns);
}
NORET_TYPE void do_exit(long code)
{
struct task_struct *tsk = current;
int group_dead;
profile_task_exit(tsk);
WARN_ON(atomic_read(&tsk->fs_excl));
if (unlikely(in_interrupt()))
panic("Aiee, killing interrupt handler!");
if (unlikely(!tsk->pid))
panic("Attempted to kill the idle task!");
if (unlikely(current->ptrace & PT_TRACE_EXIT)) {
current->ptrace_message = code;
ptrace_notify((PTRACE_EVENT_EXIT << 8) | SIGTRAP);
}
/*
* We're taking recursive faults here in do_exit. Safest is to just
* leave this task alone and wait for reboot.
*/
if (unlikely(tsk->flags & PF_EXITING)) {
printk(KERN_ALERT
"Fixing recursive fault but reboot is needed!\n");
/*
* We can do this unlocked here. The futex code uses
* this flag just to verify whether the pi state
* cleanup has been done or not. In the worst case it
* loops once more. We pretend that the cleanup was
* done as there is no way to return. Either the
* OWNER_DIED bit is set by now or we push the blocked
* task into the wait for ever nirwana as well.
*/
tsk->flags |= PF_EXITPIDONE;
if (tsk->io_context)
exit_io_context();
set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
schedule();
}
exit_signals(tsk); /* sets PF_EXITING */
/*
* tsk->flags are checked in the futex code to protect against
* an exiting task cleaning up the robust pi futexes.
*/
smp_mb();
spin_unlock_wait(&tsk->pi_lock);
if (unlikely(in_atomic()))
printk(KERN_INFO "note: %s[%d] exited with preempt_count %d\n",
current->comm, task_pid_nr(current),
preempt_count());
acct_update_integrals(tsk);
if (tsk->mm) {
update_hiwater_rss(tsk->mm);
update_hiwater_vm(tsk->mm);
}
group_dead = atomic_dec_and_test(&tsk->signal->live);
if (group_dead) {
exit_child_reaper(tsk);
hrtimer_cancel(&tsk->signal->real_timer);
exit_itimers(tsk->signal);
}
acct_collect(code, group_dead);
#ifdef CONFIG_FUTEX
if (unlikely(tsk->robust_list))
exit_robust_list(tsk);
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
if (unlikely(tsk->compat_robust_list))
compat_exit_robust_list(tsk);
#endif
#endif
if (group_dead)
tty_audit_exit();
if (unlikely(tsk->audit_context))
audit_free(tsk);
tsk->exit_code = code;
taskstats_exit(tsk, group_dead);
exit_mm(tsk);
if (group_dead)
acct_process();
exit_sem(tsk);
exit_files(tsk);
exit_fs(tsk);
check_stack_usage();
exit_thread();
cgroup_exit(tsk, 1);
exit_keys(tsk);
if (group_dead && tsk->signal->leader)
disassociate_ctty(1);
module_put(task_thread_info(tsk)->exec_domain->module);
if (tsk->binfmt)
module_put(tsk->binfmt->module);
proc_exit_connector(tsk);
exit_notify(tsk, group_dead);
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
mpol_free(tsk->mempolicy);
tsk->mempolicy = NULL;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_FUTEX
/*
* This must happen late, after the PID is not
* hashed anymore:
*/
if (unlikely(!list_empty(&tsk->pi_state_list)))
exit_pi_state_list(tsk);
if (unlikely(current->pi_state_cache))
kfree(current->pi_state_cache);
#endif
/*
* Make sure we are holding no locks:
*/
debug_check_no_locks_held(tsk);
/*
* We can do this unlocked here. The futex code uses this flag
* just to verify whether the pi state cleanup has been done
* or not. In the worst case it loops once more.
*/
tsk->flags |= PF_EXITPIDONE;
if (tsk->io_context)
exit_io_context();
if (tsk->splice_pipe)
__free_pipe_info(tsk->splice_pipe);
preempt_disable();
/* causes final put_task_struct in finish_task_switch(). */
tsk->state = TASK_DEAD;
schedule();
BUG();
/* Avoid "noreturn function does return". */
for (;;)
cpu_relax(); /* For when BUG is null */
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(do_exit);
NORET_TYPE void complete_and_exit(struct completion *comp, long code)
{
if (comp)
complete(comp);
do_exit(code);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(complete_and_exit);
asmlinkage long sys_exit(int error_code)
{
do_exit((error_code&0xff)<<8);
}
/*
* Take down every thread in the group. This is called by fatal signals
* as well as by sys_exit_group (below).
*/
NORET_TYPE void
do_group_exit(int exit_code)
{
BUG_ON(exit_code & 0x80); /* core dumps don't get here */
if (current->signal->flags & SIGNAL_GROUP_EXIT)
exit_code = current->signal->group_exit_code;
else if (!thread_group_empty(current)) {
struct signal_struct *const sig = current->signal;
struct sighand_struct *const sighand = current->sighand;
spin_lock_irq(&sighand->siglock);
if (signal_group_exit(sig))
/* Another thread got here before we took the lock. */
exit_code = sig->group_exit_code;
else {
sig->group_exit_code = exit_code;
sig->flags = SIGNAL_GROUP_EXIT;
zap_other_threads(current);
}
spin_unlock_irq(&sighand->siglock);
}
do_exit(exit_code);
/* NOTREACHED */
}
/*
* this kills every thread in the thread group. Note that any externally
* wait4()-ing process will get the correct exit code - even if this
* thread is not the thread group leader.
*/
asmlinkage void sys_exit_group(int error_code)
{
do_group_exit((error_code & 0xff) << 8);
}
static struct pid *task_pid_type(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type)
{
struct pid *pid = NULL;
if (type == PIDTYPE_PID)
pid = task->pids[type].pid;
else if (type < PIDTYPE_MAX)
pid = task->group_leader->pids[type].pid;
return pid;
}
static int eligible_child(enum pid_type type, struct pid *pid, int options,
struct task_struct *p)
{
int err;
if (type < PIDTYPE_MAX) {
if (task_pid_type(p, type) != pid)
return 0;
}
/*
* Do not consider detached threads that are
* not ptraced:
*/
if (p->exit_signal == -1 && !p->ptrace)
return 0;
/* Wait for all children (clone and not) if __WALL is set;
* otherwise, wait for clone children *only* if __WCLONE is
* set; otherwise, wait for non-clone children *only*. (Note:
* A "clone" child here is one that reports to its parent
* using a signal other than SIGCHLD.) */
if (((p->exit_signal != SIGCHLD) ^ ((options & __WCLONE) != 0))
&& !(options & __WALL))
return 0;
err = security_task_wait(p);
if (likely(!err))
return 1;
if (type != PIDTYPE_PID)
return 0;
/* This child was explicitly requested, abort */
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
return err;
}
static int wait_noreap_copyout(struct task_struct *p, pid_t pid, uid_t uid,
int why, int status,
struct siginfo __user *infop,
struct rusage __user *rusagep)
{
int retval = rusagep ? getrusage(p, RUSAGE_BOTH, rusagep) : 0;
put_task_struct(p);
if (!retval)
retval = put_user(SIGCHLD, &infop->si_signo);
if (!retval)
retval = put_user(0, &infop->si_errno);
if (!retval)
retval = put_user((short)why, &infop->si_code);
if (!retval)
retval = put_user(pid, &infop->si_pid);
if (!retval)
retval = put_user(uid, &infop->si_uid);
if (!retval)
retval = put_user(status, &infop->si_status);
if (!retval)
retval = pid;
return retval;
}
/*
* Handle sys_wait4 work for one task in state EXIT_ZOMBIE. We hold
* read_lock(&tasklist_lock) on entry. If we return zero, we still hold
* the lock and this task is uninteresting. If we return nonzero, we have
* released the lock and the system call should return.
*/
static int wait_task_zombie(struct task_struct *p, int noreap,
struct siginfo __user *infop,
int __user *stat_addr, struct rusage __user *ru)
{
unsigned long state;
int retval, status, traced;
pid_t pid = task_pid_vnr(p);
if (unlikely(noreap)) {
uid_t uid = p->uid;
int exit_code = p->exit_code;
int why, status;
get_task_struct(p);
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
if ((exit_code & 0x7f) == 0) {
why = CLD_EXITED;
status = exit_code >> 8;
} else {
why = (exit_code & 0x80) ? CLD_DUMPED : CLD_KILLED;
status = exit_code & 0x7f;
}
return wait_noreap_copyout(p, pid, uid, why,
status, infop, ru);
}
/*
* Try to move the task's state to DEAD
* only one thread is allowed to do this:
*/
state = xchg(&p->exit_state, EXIT_DEAD);
if (state != EXIT_ZOMBIE) {
BUG_ON(state != EXIT_DEAD);
return 0;
}
/* traced means p->ptrace, but not vice versa */
traced = (p->real_parent != p->parent);
if (likely(!traced)) {
struct signal_struct *psig;
struct signal_struct *sig;
/*
* The resource counters for the group leader are in its
* own task_struct. Those for dead threads in the group
* are in its signal_struct, as are those for the child
* processes it has previously reaped. All these
* accumulate in the parent's signal_struct c* fields.
*
* We don't bother to take a lock here to protect these
* p->signal fields, because they are only touched by
* __exit_signal, which runs with tasklist_lock
* write-locked anyway, and so is excluded here. We do
* need to protect the access to p->parent->signal fields,
* as other threads in the parent group can be right
* here reaping other children at the same time.
*/
spin_lock_irq(&p->parent->sighand->siglock);
psig = p->parent->signal;
sig = p->signal;
psig->cutime =
cputime_add(psig->cutime,
cputime_add(p->utime,
cputime_add(sig->utime,
sig->cutime)));
psig->cstime =
cputime_add(psig->cstime,
cputime_add(p->stime,
cputime_add(sig->stime,
sig->cstime)));
psig->cgtime =
cputime_add(psig->cgtime,
cputime_add(p->gtime,
cputime_add(sig->gtime,
sig->cgtime)));
psig->cmin_flt +=
p->min_flt + sig->min_flt + sig->cmin_flt;
psig->cmaj_flt +=
p->maj_flt + sig->maj_flt + sig->cmaj_flt;
psig->cnvcsw +=
p->nvcsw + sig->nvcsw + sig->cnvcsw;
psig->cnivcsw +=
p->nivcsw + sig->nivcsw + sig->cnivcsw;
psig->cinblock +=
task_io_get_inblock(p) +
sig->inblock + sig->cinblock;
psig->coublock +=
task_io_get_oublock(p) +
sig->oublock + sig->coublock;
spin_unlock_irq(&p->parent->sighand->siglock);
}
/*
* Now we are sure this task is interesting, and no other
* thread can reap it because we set its state to EXIT_DEAD.
*/
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
retval = ru ? getrusage(p, RUSAGE_BOTH, ru) : 0;
status = (p->signal->flags & SIGNAL_GROUP_EXIT)
? p->signal->group_exit_code : p->exit_code;
if (!retval && stat_addr)
retval = put_user(status, stat_addr);
if (!retval && infop)
retval = put_user(SIGCHLD, &infop->si_signo);
if (!retval && infop)
retval = put_user(0, &infop->si_errno);
if (!retval && infop) {
int why;
if ((status & 0x7f) == 0) {
why = CLD_EXITED;
status >>= 8;
} else {
why = (status & 0x80) ? CLD_DUMPED : CLD_KILLED;
status &= 0x7f;
}
retval = put_user((short)why, &infop->si_code);
if (!retval)
retval = put_user(status, &infop->si_status);
}
if (!retval && infop)
retval = put_user(pid, &infop->si_pid);
if (!retval && infop)
retval = put_user(p->uid, &infop->si_uid);
if (!retval)
retval = pid;
if (traced) {
write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
/* We dropped tasklist, ptracer could die and untrace */
ptrace_unlink(p);
/*
* If this is not a detached task, notify the parent.
* If it's still not detached after that, don't release
* it now.
*/
if (p->exit_signal != -1) {
do_notify_parent(p, p->exit_signal);
if (p->exit_signal != -1) {
p->exit_state = EXIT_ZOMBIE;
p = NULL;
}
}
write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
}
if (p != NULL)
release_task(p);
return retval;
}
/*
* Handle sys_wait4 work for one task in state TASK_STOPPED. We hold
* read_lock(&tasklist_lock) on entry. If we return zero, we still hold
* the lock and this task is uninteresting. If we return nonzero, we have
* released the lock and the system call should return.
*/
static int wait_task_stopped(struct task_struct *p,
int noreap, struct siginfo __user *infop,
int __user *stat_addr, struct rusage __user *ru)
{
int retval, exit_code, why;
uid_t uid = 0; /* unneeded, required by compiler */
pid_t pid;
exit_code = 0;
spin_lock_irq(&p->sighand->siglock);
if (unlikely(!task_is_stopped_or_traced(p)))
goto unlock_sig;
if (!(p->ptrace & PT_PTRACED) && p->signal->group_stop_count > 0)
/*
* A group stop is in progress and this is the group leader.
* We won't report until all threads have stopped.
*/
goto unlock_sig;
exit_code = p->exit_code;
if (!exit_code)
goto unlock_sig;
if (!noreap)
p->exit_code = 0;
uid = p->uid;
unlock_sig:
spin_unlock_irq(&p->sighand->siglock);
if (!exit_code)
return 0;
/*
* Now we are pretty sure this task is interesting.
* Make sure it doesn't get reaped out from under us while we
* give up the lock and then examine it below. We don't want to
* keep holding onto the tasklist_lock while we call getrusage and
* possibly take page faults for user memory.
*/
get_task_struct(p);
pid = task_pid_vnr(p);
why = (p->ptrace & PT_PTRACED) ? CLD_TRAPPED : CLD_STOPPED;
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
if (unlikely(noreap))
return wait_noreap_copyout(p, pid, uid,
why, exit_code,
infop, ru);
retval = ru ? getrusage(p, RUSAGE_BOTH, ru) : 0;
if (!retval && stat_addr)
retval = put_user((exit_code << 8) | 0x7f, stat_addr);
if (!retval && infop)
retval = put_user(SIGCHLD, &infop->si_signo);
if (!retval && infop)
retval = put_user(0, &infop->si_errno);
if (!retval && infop)
retval = put_user((short)why, &infop->si_code);
if (!retval && infop)
retval = put_user(exit_code, &infop->si_status);
if (!retval && infop)
retval = put_user(pid, &infop->si_pid);
if (!retval && infop)
retval = put_user(uid, &infop->si_uid);
if (!retval)
retval = pid;
put_task_struct(p);
BUG_ON(!retval);
return retval;
}
/*
* Handle do_wait work for one task in a live, non-stopped state.
* read_lock(&tasklist_lock) on entry. If we return zero, we still hold
* the lock and this task is uninteresting. If we return nonzero, we have
* released the lock and the system call should return.
*/
static int wait_task_continued(struct task_struct *p, int noreap,
struct siginfo __user *infop,
int __user *stat_addr, struct rusage __user *ru)
{
int retval;
pid_t pid;
uid_t uid;
if (!(p->signal->flags & SIGNAL_STOP_CONTINUED))
return 0;
spin_lock_irq(&p->sighand->siglock);
/* Re-check with the lock held. */
if (!(p->signal->flags & SIGNAL_STOP_CONTINUED)) {
spin_unlock_irq(&p->sighand->siglock);
return 0;
}
if (!noreap)
p->signal->flags &= ~SIGNAL_STOP_CONTINUED;
spin_unlock_irq(&p->sighand->siglock);
pid = task_pid_vnr(p);
uid = p->uid;
get_task_struct(p);
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
if (!infop) {
retval = ru ? getrusage(p, RUSAGE_BOTH, ru) : 0;
put_task_struct(p);
if (!retval && stat_addr)
retval = put_user(0xffff, stat_addr);
if (!retval)
retval = pid;
} else {
retval = wait_noreap_copyout(p, pid, uid,
CLD_CONTINUED, SIGCONT,
infop, ru);
BUG_ON(retval == 0);
}
return retval;
}
static long do_wait(enum pid_type type, struct pid *pid, int options,
struct siginfo __user *infop, int __user *stat_addr,
struct rusage __user *ru)
{
DECLARE_WAITQUEUE(wait, current);
struct task_struct *tsk;
int flag, retval;
add_wait_queue(&current->signal->wait_chldexit,&wait);
repeat:
/* If there is nothing that can match our critier just get out */
retval = -ECHILD;
if ((type < PIDTYPE_MAX) && (!pid || hlist_empty(&pid->tasks[type])))
goto end;
/*
* We will set this flag if we see any child that might later
* match our criteria, even if we are not able to reap it yet.
*/
flag = retval = 0;
current->state = TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE;
read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
tsk = current;
do {
struct task_struct *p;
list_for_each_entry(p, &tsk->children, sibling) {
int ret = eligible_child(type, pid, options, p);
if (!ret)
continue;
if (unlikely(ret < 0)) {
retval = ret;
} else if (task_is_stopped_or_traced(p)) {
/*
* It's stopped now, so it might later
* continue, exit, or stop again.
*/
flag = 1;
if (!(p->ptrace & PT_PTRACED) &&
!(options & WUNTRACED))
continue;
retval = wait_task_stopped(p,
(options & WNOWAIT), infop,
stat_addr, ru);
} else if (p->exit_state == EXIT_ZOMBIE &&
!delay_group_leader(p)) {
/*
* We don't reap group leaders with subthreads.
*/
if (!likely(options & WEXITED))
continue;
retval = wait_task_zombie(p,
(options & WNOWAIT), infop,
stat_addr, ru);
} else if (p->exit_state != EXIT_DEAD) {
/*
* It's running now, so it might later
* exit, stop, or stop and then continue.
*/
flag = 1;
if (!unlikely(options & WCONTINUED))
continue;
retval = wait_task_continued(p,
(options & WNOWAIT), infop,
stat_addr, ru);
}
if (retval != 0) /* tasklist_lock released */
goto end;
}
if (!flag) {
list_for_each_entry(p, &tsk->ptrace_children,
ptrace_list) {
flag = eligible_child(type, pid, options, p);
if (!flag)
continue;
if (likely(flag > 0))
break;
retval = flag;
goto end;
}
}
if (options & __WNOTHREAD)
break;
tsk = next_thread(tsk);
BUG_ON(tsk->signal != current->signal);
} while (tsk != current);
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
if (flag) {
if (options & WNOHANG)
goto end;
retval = -ERESTARTSYS;
if (signal_pending(current))
goto end;
schedule();
goto repeat;
}
retval = -ECHILD;
end:
current->state = TASK_RUNNING;
remove_wait_queue(&current->signal->wait_chldexit,&wait);
if (infop) {
if (retval > 0)
retval = 0;
else {
/*
* For a WNOHANG return, clear out all the fields
* we would set so the user can easily tell the
* difference.
*/
if (!retval)
retval = put_user(0, &infop->si_signo);
if (!retval)
retval = put_user(0, &infop->si_errno);
if (!retval)
retval = put_user(0, &infop->si_code);
if (!retval)
retval = put_user(0, &infop->si_pid);
if (!retval)
retval = put_user(0, &infop->si_uid);
if (!retval)
retval = put_user(0, &infop->si_status);
}
}
return retval;
}
asmlinkage long sys_waitid(int which, pid_t upid,
struct siginfo __user *infop, int options,
struct rusage __user *ru)
{
struct pid *pid = NULL;
enum pid_type type;
long ret;
if (options & ~(WNOHANG|WNOWAIT|WEXITED|WSTOPPED|WCONTINUED))
return -EINVAL;
if (!(options & (WEXITED|WSTOPPED|WCONTINUED)))
return -EINVAL;
switch (which) {
case P_ALL:
type = PIDTYPE_MAX;
break;
case P_PID:
type = PIDTYPE_PID;
if (upid <= 0)
return -EINVAL;
break;
case P_PGID:
type = PIDTYPE_PGID;
if (upid <= 0)
return -EINVAL;
break;
default:
return -EINVAL;
}
if (type < PIDTYPE_MAX)
pid = find_get_pid(upid);
ret = do_wait(type, pid, options, infop, NULL, ru);
put_pid(pid);
/* avoid REGPARM breakage on x86: */
asmlinkage_protect(5, ret, which, upid, infop, options, ru);
return ret;
}
asmlinkage long sys_wait4(pid_t upid, int __user *stat_addr,
int options, struct rusage __user *ru)
{
struct pid *pid = NULL;
enum pid_type type;
long ret;
if (options & ~(WNOHANG|WUNTRACED|WCONTINUED|
__WNOTHREAD|__WCLONE|__WALL))
return -EINVAL;
if (upid == -1)
type = PIDTYPE_MAX;
else if (upid < 0) {
type = PIDTYPE_PGID;
pid = find_get_pid(-upid);
} else if (upid == 0) {
type = PIDTYPE_PGID;
pid = get_pid(task_pgrp(current));
} else /* upid > 0 */ {
type = PIDTYPE_PID;
pid = find_get_pid(upid);
}
ret = do_wait(type, pid, options | WEXITED, NULL, stat_addr, ru);
put_pid(pid);
/* avoid REGPARM breakage on x86: */
asmlinkage_protect(4, ret, upid, stat_addr, options, ru);
return ret;
}
#ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_WAITPID
/*
* sys_waitpid() remains for compatibility. waitpid() should be
* implemented by calling sys_wait4() from libc.a.
*/
asmlinkage long sys_waitpid(pid_t pid, int __user *stat_addr, int options)
{
return sys_wait4(pid, stat_addr, options, NULL);
}
#endif