original development tree for Linux kernel GTP module; now long in mainline.
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/*
* linux/include/linux/jbd2.h
*
* Written by Stephen C. Tweedie <sct@redhat.com>
*
* Copyright 1998-2000 Red Hat, Inc --- All Rights Reserved
*
* This file is part of the Linux kernel and is made available under
* the terms of the GNU General Public License, version 2, or at your
* option, any later version, incorporated herein by reference.
*
* Definitions for transaction data structures for the buffer cache
* filesystem journaling support.
*/
#ifndef _LINUX_JBD2_H
#define _LINUX_JBD2_H
/* Allow this file to be included directly into e2fsprogs */
#ifndef __KERNEL__
#include "jfs_compat.h"
#define JBD2_DEBUG
#define jfs_debug jbd_debug
#else
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
#include <linux/journal-head.h>
#include <linux/stddef.h>
#include <linux/bit_spinlock.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <crypto/hash.h>
#endif
#define journal_oom_retry 1
/*
* Define JBD2_PARANIOD_IOFAIL to cause a kernel BUG() if ext4 finds
* certain classes of error which can occur due to failed IOs. Under
* normal use we want ext4 to continue after such errors, because
* hardware _can_ fail, but for debugging purposes when running tests on
* known-good hardware we may want to trap these errors.
*/
#undef JBD2_PARANOID_IOFAIL
/*
* The default maximum commit age, in seconds.
*/
#define JBD2_DEFAULT_MAX_COMMIT_AGE 5
#ifdef CONFIG_JBD2_DEBUG
/*
* Define JBD2_EXPENSIVE_CHECKING to enable more expensive internal
* consistency checks. By default we don't do this unless
* CONFIG_JBD2_DEBUG is on.
*/
#define JBD2_EXPENSIVE_CHECKING
extern u8 jbd2_journal_enable_debug;
#define jbd_debug(n, f, a...) \
do { \
if ((n) <= jbd2_journal_enable_debug) { \
printk (KERN_DEBUG "(%s, %d): %s: ", \
__FILE__, __LINE__, __func__); \
printk (f, ## a); \
} \
} while (0)
#else
#define jbd_debug(f, a...) /**/
#endif
extern void *jbd2_alloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags);
extern void jbd2_free(void *ptr, size_t size);
#define JBD2_MIN_JOURNAL_BLOCKS 1024
#ifdef __KERNEL__
/**
* typedef handle_t - The handle_t type represents a single atomic update being performed by some process.
*
* All filesystem modifications made by the process go
* through this handle. Recursive operations (such as quota operations)
* are gathered into a single update.
*
* The buffer credits field is used to account for journaled buffers
* being modified by the running process. To ensure that there is
* enough log space for all outstanding operations, we need to limit the
* number of outstanding buffers possible at any time. When the
* operation completes, any buffer credits not used are credited back to
* the transaction, so that at all times we know how many buffers the
* outstanding updates on a transaction might possibly touch.
*
* This is an opaque datatype.
**/
typedef struct jbd2_journal_handle handle_t; /* Atomic operation type */
/**
* typedef journal_t - The journal_t maintains all of the journaling state information for a single filesystem.
*
* journal_t is linked to from the fs superblock structure.
*
* We use the journal_t to keep track of all outstanding transaction
* activity on the filesystem, and to manage the state of the log
* writing process.
*
* This is an opaque datatype.
**/
typedef struct journal_s journal_t; /* Journal control structure */
#endif
/*
* Internal structures used by the logging mechanism:
*/
#define JBD2_MAGIC_NUMBER 0xc03b3998U /* The first 4 bytes of /dev/random! */
/*
* On-disk structures
*/
/*
* Descriptor block types:
*/
#define JBD2_DESCRIPTOR_BLOCK 1
#define JBD2_COMMIT_BLOCK 2
#define JBD2_SUPERBLOCK_V1 3
#define JBD2_SUPERBLOCK_V2 4
#define JBD2_REVOKE_BLOCK 5
/*
* Standard header for all descriptor blocks:
*/
typedef struct journal_header_s
{
__be32 h_magic;
__be32 h_blocktype;
__be32 h_sequence;
} journal_header_t;
/*
* Checksum types.
*/
#define JBD2_CRC32_CHKSUM 1
#define JBD2_MD5_CHKSUM 2
#define JBD2_SHA1_CHKSUM 3
#define JBD2_CRC32C_CHKSUM 4
#define JBD2_CRC32_CHKSUM_SIZE 4
#define JBD2_CHECKSUM_BYTES (32 / sizeof(u32))
/*
* Commit block header for storing transactional checksums:
*
* NOTE: If FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM (checksum v1) is set, the h_chksum*
* fields are used to store a checksum of the descriptor and data blocks.
*
* If FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2 (checksum v2) is set, then the h_chksum
* field is used to store crc32c(uuid+commit_block). Each journal metadata
* block gets its own checksum, and data block checksums are stored in
* journal_block_tag (in the descriptor). The other h_chksum* fields are
* not used.
*
* Checksum v1 and v2 are mutually exclusive features.
*/
struct commit_header {
__be32 h_magic;
__be32 h_blocktype;
__be32 h_sequence;
unsigned char h_chksum_type;
unsigned char h_chksum_size;
unsigned char h_padding[2];
__be32 h_chksum[JBD2_CHECKSUM_BYTES];
__be64 h_commit_sec;
__be32 h_commit_nsec;
};
/*
* The block tag: used to describe a single buffer in the journal.
* t_blocknr_high is only used if INCOMPAT_64BIT is set, so this
* raw struct shouldn't be used for pointer math or sizeof() - use
* journal_tag_bytes(journal) instead to compute this.
*/
typedef struct journal_block_tag_s
{
__be32 t_blocknr; /* The on-disk block number */
__be16 t_checksum; /* truncated crc32c(uuid+seq+block) */
__be16 t_flags; /* See below */
__be32 t_blocknr_high; /* most-significant high 32bits. */
} journal_block_tag_t;
#define JBD2_TAG_SIZE32 (offsetof(journal_block_tag_t, t_blocknr_high))
#define JBD2_TAG_SIZE64 (sizeof(journal_block_tag_t))
/* Tail of descriptor block, for checksumming */
struct jbd2_journal_block_tail {
__be32 t_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+descr_block) */
};
/*
* The revoke descriptor: used on disk to describe a series of blocks to
* be revoked from the log
*/
typedef struct jbd2_journal_revoke_header_s
{
journal_header_t r_header;
__be32 r_count; /* Count of bytes used in the block */
} jbd2_journal_revoke_header_t;
/* Tail of revoke block, for checksumming */
struct jbd2_journal_revoke_tail {
__be32 r_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+revoke_block) */
};
/* Definitions for the journal tag flags word: */
#define JBD2_FLAG_ESCAPE 1 /* on-disk block is escaped */
#define JBD2_FLAG_SAME_UUID 2 /* block has same uuid as previous */
#define JBD2_FLAG_DELETED 4 /* block deleted by this transaction */
#define JBD2_FLAG_LAST_TAG 8 /* last tag in this descriptor block */
/*
* The journal superblock. All fields are in big-endian byte order.
*/
typedef struct journal_superblock_s
{
/* 0x0000 */
journal_header_t s_header;
/* 0x000C */
/* Static information describing the journal */
__be32 s_blocksize; /* journal device blocksize */
__be32 s_maxlen; /* total blocks in journal file */
__be32 s_first; /* first block of log information */
/* 0x0018 */
/* Dynamic information describing the current state of the log */
__be32 s_sequence; /* first commit ID expected in log */
__be32 s_start; /* blocknr of start of log */
/* 0x0020 */
/* Error value, as set by jbd2_journal_abort(). */
__be32 s_errno;
/* 0x0024 */
/* Remaining fields are only valid in a version-2 superblock */
__be32 s_feature_compat; /* compatible feature set */
__be32 s_feature_incompat; /* incompatible feature set */
__be32 s_feature_ro_compat; /* readonly-compatible feature set */
/* 0x0030 */
__u8 s_uuid[16]; /* 128-bit uuid for journal */
/* 0x0040 */
__be32 s_nr_users; /* Nr of filesystems sharing log */
__be32 s_dynsuper; /* Blocknr of dynamic superblock copy*/
/* 0x0048 */
__be32 s_max_transaction; /* Limit of journal blocks per trans.*/
__be32 s_max_trans_data; /* Limit of data blocks per trans. */
/* 0x0050 */
__u8 s_checksum_type; /* checksum type */
__u8 s_padding2[3];
__u32 s_padding[42];
__be32 s_checksum; /* crc32c(superblock) */
/* 0x0100 */
__u8 s_users[16*48]; /* ids of all fs'es sharing the log */
/* 0x0400 */
} journal_superblock_t;
#define JBD2_HAS_COMPAT_FEATURE(j,mask) \
((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \
((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_compat & cpu_to_be32((mask))))
#define JBD2_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(j,mask) \
((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \
((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_ro_compat & cpu_to_be32((mask))))
#define JBD2_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(j,mask) \
((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \
((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_incompat & cpu_to_be32((mask))))
#define JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM 0x00000001
#define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_REVOKE 0x00000001
#define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT 0x00000002
#define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ASYNC_COMMIT 0x00000004
#define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2 0x00000008
/* Features known to this kernel version: */
#define JBD2_KNOWN_COMPAT_FEATURES JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM
#define JBD2_KNOWN_ROCOMPAT_FEATURES 0
#define JBD2_KNOWN_INCOMPAT_FEATURES (JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_REVOKE | \
JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT | \
JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ASYNC_COMMIT | \
JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2)
#ifdef __KERNEL__
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/jbd_common.h>
#define J_ASSERT(assert) BUG_ON(!(assert))
#define J_ASSERT_BH(bh, expr) J_ASSERT(expr)
#define J_ASSERT_JH(jh, expr) J_ASSERT(expr)
#if defined(JBD2_PARANOID_IOFAIL)
#define J_EXPECT(expr, why...) J_ASSERT(expr)
#define J_EXPECT_BH(bh, expr, why...) J_ASSERT_BH(bh, expr)
#define J_EXPECT_JH(jh, expr, why...) J_ASSERT_JH(jh, expr)
#else
#define __journal_expect(expr, why...) \
({ \
int val = (expr); \
if (!val) { \
printk(KERN_ERR \
"JBD2 unexpected failure: %s: %s;\n", \
__func__, #expr); \
printk(KERN_ERR why "\n"); \
} \
val; \
})
#define J_EXPECT(expr, why...) __journal_expect(expr, ## why)
#define J_EXPECT_BH(bh, expr, why...) __journal_expect(expr, ## why)
#define J_EXPECT_JH(jh, expr, why...) __journal_expect(expr, ## why)
#endif
/* Flags in jbd_inode->i_flags */
#define __JI_COMMIT_RUNNING 0
/* Commit of the inode data in progress. We use this flag to protect us from
* concurrent deletion of inode. We cannot use reference to inode for this
* since we cannot afford doing last iput() on behalf of kjournald
*/
#define JI_COMMIT_RUNNING (1 << __JI_COMMIT_RUNNING)
/**
* struct jbd_inode is the structure linking inodes in ordered mode
* present in a transaction so that we can sync them during commit.
*/
struct jbd2_inode {
/* Which transaction does this inode belong to? Either the running
* transaction or the committing one. [j_list_lock] */
transaction_t *i_transaction;
/* Pointer to the running transaction modifying inode's data in case
* there is already a committing transaction touching it. [j_list_lock] */
transaction_t *i_next_transaction;
/* List of inodes in the i_transaction [j_list_lock] */
struct list_head i_list;
/* VFS inode this inode belongs to [constant during the lifetime
* of the structure] */
struct inode *i_vfs_inode;
/* Flags of inode [j_list_lock] */
unsigned long i_flags;
};
struct jbd2_revoke_table_s;
/**
* struct handle_s - The handle_s type is the concrete type associated with
* handle_t.
* @h_transaction: Which compound transaction is this update a part of?
* @h_buffer_credits: Number of remaining buffers we are allowed to dirty.
* @h_ref: Reference count on this handle
* @h_err: Field for caller's use to track errors through large fs operations
* @h_sync: flag for sync-on-close
* @h_jdata: flag to force data journaling
* @h_aborted: flag indicating fatal error on handle
**/
/* Docbook can't yet cope with the bit fields, but will leave the documentation
* in so it can be fixed later.
*/
struct jbd2_journal_handle
{
/* Which compound transaction is this update a part of? */
transaction_t *h_transaction;
/* Number of remaining buffers we are allowed to dirty: */
int h_buffer_credits;
/* Reference count on this handle */
int h_ref;
/* Field for caller's use to track errors through large fs */
/* operations */
int h_err;
/* Flags [no locking] */
unsigned int h_sync: 1; /* sync-on-close */
unsigned int h_jdata: 1; /* force data journaling */
unsigned int h_aborted: 1; /* fatal error on handle */
unsigned int h_type: 8; /* for handle statistics */
unsigned int h_line_no: 16; /* for handle statistics */
unsigned long h_start_jiffies;
unsigned int h_requested_credits;
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
struct lockdep_map h_lockdep_map;
#endif
};
/*
* Some stats for checkpoint phase
*/
struct transaction_chp_stats_s {
unsigned long cs_chp_time;
__u32 cs_forced_to_close;
__u32 cs_written;
__u32 cs_dropped;
};
/* The transaction_t type is the guts of the journaling mechanism. It
* tracks a compound transaction through its various states:
*
* RUNNING: accepting new updates
* LOCKED: Updates still running but we don't accept new ones
* RUNDOWN: Updates are tidying up but have finished requesting
* new buffers to modify (state not used for now)
* FLUSH: All updates complete, but we are still writing to disk
* COMMIT: All data on disk, writing commit record
* FINISHED: We still have to keep the transaction for checkpointing.
*
* The transaction keeps track of all of the buffers modified by a
* running transaction, and all of the buffers committed but not yet
* flushed to home for finished transactions.
*/
/*
* Lock ranking:
*
* j_list_lock
* ->jbd_lock_bh_journal_head() (This is "innermost")
*
* j_state_lock
* ->jbd_lock_bh_state()
*
* jbd_lock_bh_state()
* ->j_list_lock
*
* j_state_lock
* ->t_handle_lock
*
* j_state_lock
* ->j_list_lock (journal_unmap_buffer)
*
*/
struct transaction_s
{
/* Pointer to the journal for this transaction. [no locking] */
journal_t *t_journal;
/* Sequence number for this transaction [no locking] */
tid_t t_tid;
/*
* Transaction's current state
* [no locking - only kjournald2 alters this]
* [j_list_lock] guards transition of a transaction into T_FINISHED
* state and subsequent call of __jbd2_journal_drop_transaction()
* FIXME: needs barriers
* KLUDGE: [use j_state_lock]
*/
enum {
T_RUNNING,
T_LOCKED,
T_FLUSH,
T_COMMIT,
T_COMMIT_DFLUSH,
T_COMMIT_JFLUSH,
T_FINISHED
} t_state;
/*
* Where in the log does this transaction's commit start? [no locking]
*/
unsigned long t_log_start;
/* Number of buffers on the t_buffers list [j_list_lock] */
int t_nr_buffers;
/*
* Doubly-linked circular list of all buffers reserved but not yet
* modified by this transaction [j_list_lock]
*/
struct journal_head *t_reserved_list;
/*
* Doubly-linked circular list of all metadata buffers owned by this
* transaction [j_list_lock]
*/
struct journal_head *t_buffers;
/*
* Doubly-linked circular list of all forget buffers (superseded
* buffers which we can un-checkpoint once this transaction commits)
* [j_list_lock]
*/
struct journal_head *t_forget;
/*
* Doubly-linked circular list of all buffers still to be flushed before
* this transaction can be checkpointed. [j_list_lock]
*/
struct journal_head *t_checkpoint_list;
/*
* Doubly-linked circular list of all buffers submitted for IO while
* checkpointing. [j_list_lock]
*/
struct journal_head *t_checkpoint_io_list;
/*
* Doubly-linked circular list of temporary buffers currently undergoing
* IO in the log [j_list_lock]
*/
struct journal_head *t_iobuf_list;
/*
* Doubly-linked circular list of metadata buffers being shadowed by log
* IO. The IO buffers on the iobuf list and the shadow buffers on this
* list match each other one for one at all times. [j_list_lock]
*/
struct journal_head *t_shadow_list;
/*
* Doubly-linked circular list of control buffers being written to the
* log. [j_list_lock]
*/
struct journal_head *t_log_list;
/*
* List of inodes whose data we've modified in data=ordered mode.
* [j_list_lock]
*/
struct list_head t_inode_list;
/*
* Protects info related to handles
*/
spinlock_t t_handle_lock;
/*
* Longest time some handle had to wait for running transaction
*/
unsigned long t_max_wait;
/*
* When transaction started
*/
unsigned long t_start;
/*
* When commit was requested
*/
unsigned long t_requested;
/*
* Checkpointing stats [j_checkpoint_sem]
*/
struct transaction_chp_stats_s t_chp_stats;
/*
* Number of outstanding updates running on this transaction
* [t_handle_lock]
*/
atomic_t t_updates;
/*
* Number of buffers reserved for use by all handles in this transaction
* handle but not yet modified. [t_handle_lock]
*/
atomic_t t_outstanding_credits;
/*
* Forward and backward links for the circular list of all transactions
* awaiting checkpoint. [j_list_lock]
*/
transaction_t *t_cpnext, *t_cpprev;
/*
* When will the transaction expire (become due for commit), in jiffies?
* [no locking]
*/
unsigned long t_expires;
/*
* When this transaction started, in nanoseconds [no locking]
*/
ktime_t t_start_time;
/*
* How many handles used this transaction? [t_handle_lock]
*/
atomic_t t_handle_count;
/*
* This transaction is being forced and some process is
* waiting for it to finish.
*/
unsigned int t_synchronous_commit:1;
/* Disk flush needs to be sent to fs partition [no locking] */
int t_need_data_flush;
/*
* For use by the filesystem to store fs-specific data
* structures associated with the transaction
*/
struct list_head t_private_list;
};
struct transaction_run_stats_s {
unsigned long rs_wait;
unsigned long rs_request_delay;
unsigned long rs_running;
unsigned long rs_locked;
unsigned long rs_flushing;
unsigned long rs_logging;
__u32 rs_handle_count;
__u32 rs_blocks;
__u32 rs_blocks_logged;
};
struct transaction_stats_s {
unsigned long ts_tid;
unsigned long ts_requested;
struct transaction_run_stats_s run;
};
static inline unsigned long
jbd2_time_diff(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
{
if (end >= start)
return end - start;
return end + (MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET - start);
}
#define JBD2_NR_BATCH 64
/**
* struct journal_s - The journal_s type is the concrete type associated with
* journal_t.
* @j_flags: General journaling state flags
* @j_errno: Is there an outstanding uncleared error on the journal (from a
* prior abort)?
* @j_sb_buffer: First part of superblock buffer
* @j_superblock: Second part of superblock buffer
* @j_format_version: Version of the superblock format
* @j_state_lock: Protect the various scalars in the journal
* @j_barrier_count: Number of processes waiting to create a barrier lock
* @j_barrier: The barrier lock itself
* @j_running_transaction: The current running transaction..
* @j_committing_transaction: the transaction we are pushing to disk
* @j_checkpoint_transactions: a linked circular list of all transactions
* waiting for checkpointing
* @j_wait_transaction_locked: Wait queue for waiting for a locked transaction
* to start committing, or for a barrier lock to be released
* @j_wait_logspace: Wait queue for waiting for checkpointing to complete
* @j_wait_done_commit: Wait queue for waiting for commit to complete
* @j_wait_checkpoint: Wait queue to trigger checkpointing
* @j_wait_commit: Wait queue to trigger commit
* @j_wait_updates: Wait queue to wait for updates to complete
* @j_checkpoint_mutex: Mutex for locking against concurrent checkpoints
* @j_head: Journal head - identifies the first unused block in the journal
* @j_tail: Journal tail - identifies the oldest still-used block in the
* journal.
* @j_free: Journal free - how many free blocks are there in the journal?
* @j_first: The block number of the first usable block
* @j_last: The block number one beyond the last usable block
* @j_dev: Device where we store the journal
* @j_blocksize: blocksize for the location where we store the journal.
* @j_blk_offset: starting block offset for into the device where we store the
* journal
* @j_fs_dev: Device which holds the client fs. For internal journal this will
* be equal to j_dev
* @j_maxlen: Total maximum capacity of the journal region on disk.
* @j_list_lock: Protects the buffer lists and internal buffer state.
* @j_inode: Optional inode where we store the journal. If present, all journal
* block numbers are mapped into this inode via bmap().
* @j_tail_sequence: Sequence number of the oldest transaction in the log
* @j_transaction_sequence: Sequence number of the next transaction to grant
* @j_commit_sequence: Sequence number of the most recently committed
* transaction
* @j_commit_request: Sequence number of the most recent transaction wanting
* commit
* @j_uuid: Uuid of client object.
* @j_task: Pointer to the current commit thread for this journal
* @j_max_transaction_buffers: Maximum number of metadata buffers to allow in a
* single compound commit transaction
* @j_commit_interval: What is the maximum transaction lifetime before we begin
* a commit?
* @j_commit_timer: The timer used to wakeup the commit thread
* @j_revoke_lock: Protect the revoke table
* @j_revoke: The revoke table - maintains the list of revoked blocks in the
* current transaction.
* @j_revoke_table: alternate revoke tables for j_revoke
* @j_wbuf: array of buffer_heads for jbd2_journal_commit_transaction
* @j_wbufsize: maximum number of buffer_heads allowed in j_wbuf, the
* number that will fit in j_blocksize
* @j_last_sync_writer: most recent pid which did a synchronous write
* @j_history: Buffer storing the transactions statistics history
* @j_history_max: Maximum number of transactions in the statistics history
* @j_history_cur: Current number of transactions in the statistics history
* @j_history_lock: Protect the transactions statistics history
* @j_proc_entry: procfs entry for the jbd statistics directory
* @j_stats: Overall statistics
* @j_private: An opaque pointer to fs-private information.
*/
struct journal_s
{
/* General journaling state flags [j_state_lock] */
unsigned long j_flags;
/*
* Is there an outstanding uncleared error on the journal (from a prior
* abort)? [j_state_lock]
*/
int j_errno;
/* The superblock buffer */
struct buffer_head *j_sb_buffer;
journal_superblock_t *j_superblock;
/* Version of the superblock format */
int j_format_version;
/*
* Protect the various scalars in the journal
*/
rwlock_t j_state_lock;
/*
* Number of processes waiting to create a barrier lock [j_state_lock]
*/
int j_barrier_count;
/* The barrier lock itself */
struct mutex j_barrier;
/*
* Transactions: The current running transaction...
* [j_state_lock] [caller holding open handle]
*/
transaction_t *j_running_transaction;
/*
* the transaction we are pushing to disk
* [j_state_lock] [caller holding open handle]
*/
transaction_t *j_committing_transaction;
/*
* ... and a linked circular list of all transactions waiting for
* checkpointing. [j_list_lock]
*/
transaction_t *j_checkpoint_transactions;
/*
* Wait queue for waiting for a locked transaction to start committing,
* or for a barrier lock to be released
*/
wait_queue_head_t j_wait_transaction_locked;
/* Wait queue for waiting for checkpointing to complete */
wait_queue_head_t j_wait_logspace;
/* Wait queue for waiting for commit to complete */
wait_queue_head_t j_wait_done_commit;
/* Wait queue to trigger checkpointing */
wait_queue_head_t j_wait_checkpoint;
/* Wait queue to trigger commit */
wait_queue_head_t j_wait_commit;
/* Wait queue to wait for updates to complete */
wait_queue_head_t j_wait_updates;
/* Semaphore for locking against concurrent checkpoints */
struct mutex j_checkpoint_mutex;
/*
* List of buffer heads used by the checkpoint routine. This
* was moved from jbd2_log_do_checkpoint() to reduce stack
* usage. Access to this array is controlled by the
* j_checkpoint_mutex. [j_checkpoint_mutex]
*/
struct buffer_head *j_chkpt_bhs[JBD2_NR_BATCH];
/*
* Journal head: identifies the first unused block in the journal.
* [j_state_lock]
*/
unsigned long j_head;
/*
* Journal tail: identifies the oldest still-used block in the journal.
* [j_state_lock]
*/
unsigned long j_tail;
/*
* Journal free: how many free blocks are there in the journal?
* [j_state_lock]
*/
unsigned long j_free;
/*
* Journal start and end: the block numbers of the first usable block
* and one beyond the last usable block in the journal. [j_state_lock]
*/
unsigned long j_first;
unsigned long j_last;
/*
* Device, blocksize and starting block offset for the location where we
* store the journal.
*/
struct block_device *j_dev;
int j_blocksize;
unsigned long long j_blk_offset;
char j_devname[BDEVNAME_SIZE+24];
/*
* Device which holds the client fs. For internal journal this will be
* equal to j_dev.
*/
struct block_device *j_fs_dev;
/* Total maximum capacity of the journal region on disk. */
unsigned int j_maxlen;
/*
* Protects the buffer lists and internal buffer state.
*/
spinlock_t j_list_lock;
/* Optional inode where we store the journal. If present, all */
/* journal block numbers are mapped into this inode via */
/* bmap(). */
struct inode *j_inode;
/*
* Sequence number of the oldest transaction in the log [j_state_lock]
*/
tid_t j_tail_sequence;
/*
* Sequence number of the next transaction to grant [j_state_lock]
*/
tid_t j_transaction_sequence;
/*
* Sequence number of the most recently committed transaction
* [j_state_lock].
*/
tid_t j_commit_sequence;
/*
* Sequence number of the most recent transaction wanting commit
* [j_state_lock]
*/
tid_t j_commit_request;
/*
* Journal uuid: identifies the object (filesystem, LVM volume etc)
* backed by this journal. This will eventually be replaced by an array
* of uuids, allowing us to index multiple devices within a single
* journal and to perform atomic updates across them.
*/
__u8 j_uuid[16];
/* Pointer to the current commit thread for this journal */
struct task_struct *j_task;
/*
* Maximum number of metadata buffers to allow in a single compound
* commit transaction
*/
int j_max_transaction_buffers;
/*
* What is the maximum transaction lifetime before we begin a commit?
*/
unsigned long j_commit_interval;
/* The timer used to wakeup the commit thread: */
struct timer_list j_commit_timer;
/*
* The revoke table: maintains the list of revoked blocks in the
* current transaction. [j_revoke_lock]
*/
spinlock_t j_revoke_lock;
struct jbd2_revoke_table_s *j_revoke;
struct jbd2_revoke_table_s *j_revoke_table[2];
/*
* array of bhs for jbd2_journal_commit_transaction
*/
struct buffer_head **j_wbuf;
int j_wbufsize;
/*
* this is the pid of hte last person to run a synchronous operation
* through the journal
*/
pid_t j_last_sync_writer;
/*
* the average amount of time in nanoseconds it takes to commit a
* transaction to disk. [j_state_lock]
*/
u64 j_average_commit_time;
/*
* minimum and maximum times that we should wait for
* additional filesystem operations to get batched into a
* synchronous handle in microseconds
*/
u32 j_min_batch_time;
u32 j_max_batch_time;
/* This function is called when a transaction is closed */
void (*j_commit_callback)(journal_t *,
transaction_t *);
/*
* Journal statistics
*/
spinlock_t j_history_lock;
struct proc_dir_entry *j_proc_entry;
struct transaction_stats_s j_stats;
/* Failed journal commit ID */
unsigned int j_failed_commit;
/*
* An opaque pointer to fs-private information. ext3 puts its
* superblock pointer here
*/
void *j_private;
/* Reference to checksum algorithm driver via cryptoapi */
struct crypto_shash *j_chksum_driver;
/* Precomputed journal UUID checksum for seeding other checksums */
__u32 j_csum_seed;
};
/*
* Journal flag definitions
*/
#define JBD2_UNMOUNT 0x001 /* Journal thread is being destroyed */
#define JBD2_ABORT 0x002 /* Journaling has been aborted for errors. */
#define JBD2_ACK_ERR 0x004 /* The errno in the sb has been acked */
#define JBD2_FLUSHED 0x008 /* The journal superblock has been flushed */
#define JBD2_LOADED 0x010 /* The journal superblock has been loaded */
#define JBD2_BARRIER 0x020 /* Use IDE barriers */
#define JBD2_ABORT_ON_SYNCDATA_ERR 0x040 /* Abort the journal on file
* data write error in ordered
* mode */
/*
* Function declarations for the journaling transaction and buffer
* management
*/
/* Filing buffers */
extern void jbd2_journal_unfile_buffer(journal_t *, struct journal_head *);
extern void __jbd2_journal_refile_buffer(struct journal_head *);
extern void jbd2_journal_refile_buffer(journal_t *, struct journal_head *);
extern void __jbd2_journal_file_buffer(struct journal_head *, transaction_t *, int);
extern void __journal_free_buffer(struct journal_head *bh);
extern void jbd2_journal_file_buffer(struct journal_head *, transaction_t *, int);
extern void __journal_clean_data_list(transaction_t *transaction);
/* Log buffer allocation */
extern struct journal_head * jbd2_journal_get_descriptor_buffer(journal_t *);
int jbd2_journal_next_log_block(journal_t *, unsigned long long *);
int jbd2_journal_get_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t *tid,
unsigned long *block);
void __jbd2_update_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid, unsigned long block);
void jbd2_update_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid, unsigned long block);
/* Commit management */
extern void jbd2_journal_commit_transaction(journal_t *);
/* Checkpoint list management */
int __jbd2_journal_clean_checkpoint_list(journal_t *journal);
int __jbd2_journal_remove_checkpoint(struct journal_head *);
void __jbd2_journal_insert_checkpoint(struct journal_head *, transaction_t *);
/*
* Triggers
*/
struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type {
/*
* Fired a the moment data to write to the journal are known to be
* stable - so either at the moment b_frozen_data is created or just
* before a buffer is written to the journal. mapped_data is a mapped
* buffer that is the frozen data for commit.
*/
void (*t_frozen)(struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *type,
struct buffer_head *bh, void *mapped_data,
size_t size);
/*
* Fired during journal abort for dirty buffers that will not be
* committed.
*/
void (*t_abort)(struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *type,
struct buffer_head *bh);
};
extern void jbd2_buffer_frozen_trigger(struct journal_head *jh,
void *mapped_data,
struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *triggers);
extern void jbd2_buffer_abort_trigger(struct journal_head *jh,
struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *triggers);
/* Buffer IO */
extern int
jbd2_journal_write_metadata_buffer(transaction_t *transaction,
struct journal_head *jh_in,
struct journal_head **jh_out,
unsigned long long blocknr);
/* Transaction locking */
extern void __wait_on_journal (journal_t *);
/* Transaction cache support */
extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_transaction_cache(void);
extern int jbd2_journal_init_transaction_cache(void);
extern void jbd2_journal_free_transaction(transaction_t *);
/*
* Journal locking.
*
* We need to lock the journal during transaction state changes so that nobody
* ever tries to take a handle on the running transaction while we are in the
* middle of moving it to the commit phase. j_state_lock does this.
*
* Note that the locking is completely interrupt unsafe. We never touch
* journal structures from interrupts.
*/
static inline handle_t *journal_current_handle(void)
{
return current->journal_info;
}
/* The journaling code user interface:
*
* Create and destroy handles
* Register buffer modifications against the current transaction.
*/
extern handle_t *jbd2_journal_start(journal_t *, int nblocks);
extern handle_t *jbd2__journal_start(journal_t *, int nblocks, gfp_t gfp_mask,
unsigned int type, unsigned int line_no);
extern int jbd2_journal_restart(handle_t *, int nblocks);
extern int jbd2__journal_restart(handle_t *, int nblocks, gfp_t gfp_mask);
extern int jbd2_journal_extend (handle_t *, int nblocks);
extern int jbd2_journal_get_write_access(handle_t *, struct buffer_head *);
extern int jbd2_journal_get_create_access (handle_t *, struct buffer_head *);
extern int jbd2_journal_get_undo_access(handle_t *, struct buffer_head *);
void jbd2_journal_set_triggers(struct buffer_head *,
struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *type);
extern int jbd2_journal_dirty_metadata (handle_t *, struct buffer_head *);
extern int jbd2_journal_forget (handle_t *, struct buffer_head *);
extern void journal_sync_buffer (struct buffer_head *);
extern int jbd2_journal_invalidatepage(journal_t *,
struct page *, unsigned long);
extern int jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers(journal_t *, struct page *, gfp_t);
extern int jbd2_journal_stop(handle_t *);
extern int jbd2_journal_flush (journal_t *);
extern void jbd2_journal_lock_updates (journal_t *);
extern void jbd2_journal_unlock_updates (journal_t *);
extern journal_t * jbd2_journal_init_dev(struct block_device *bdev,
struct block_device *fs_dev,
unsigned long long start, int len, int bsize);
extern journal_t * jbd2_journal_init_inode (struct inode *);
extern int jbd2_journal_update_format (journal_t *);
extern int jbd2_journal_check_used_features
(journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long);
extern int jbd2_journal_check_available_features
(journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long);
extern int jbd2_journal_set_features
(journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long);
extern void jbd2_journal_clear_features
(journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long);
extern int jbd2_journal_load (journal_t *journal);
extern int jbd2_journal_destroy (journal_t *);
extern int jbd2_journal_recover (journal_t *journal);
extern int jbd2_journal_wipe (journal_t *, int);
extern int jbd2_journal_skip_recovery (journal_t *);
extern void jbd2_journal_update_sb_errno(journal_t *);
extern void jbd2_journal_update_sb_log_tail (journal_t *, tid_t,
unsigned long, int);
extern void __jbd2_journal_abort_hard (journal_t *);
extern void jbd2_journal_abort (journal_t *, int);
extern int jbd2_journal_errno (journal_t *);
extern void jbd2_journal_ack_err (journal_t *);
extern int jbd2_journal_clear_err (journal_t *);
extern int jbd2_journal_bmap(journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long long *);
extern int jbd2_journal_force_commit(journal_t *);
extern int jbd2_journal_file_inode(handle_t *handle, struct jbd2_inode *inode);
extern int jbd2_journal_begin_ordered_truncate(journal_t *journal,
struct jbd2_inode *inode, loff_t new_size);
extern void jbd2_journal_init_jbd_inode(struct jbd2_inode *jinode, struct inode *inode);
extern void jbd2_journal_release_jbd_inode(journal_t *journal, struct jbd2_inode *jinode);
/*
* journal_head management
*/
struct journal_head *jbd2_journal_add_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh);
struct journal_head *jbd2_journal_grab_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh);
void jbd2_journal_put_journal_head(struct journal_head *jh);
/*
* handle management
*/
extern struct kmem_cache *jbd2_handle_cache;
static inline handle_t *jbd2_alloc_handle(gfp_t gfp_flags)
{
return kmem_cache_alloc(jbd2_handle_cache, gfp_flags);
}
static inline void jbd2_free_handle(handle_t *handle)
{
kmem_cache_free(jbd2_handle_cache, handle);
}
/*
* jbd2_inode management (optional, for those file systems that want to use
* dynamically allocated jbd2_inode structures)
*/
extern struct kmem_cache *jbd2_inode_cache;
static inline struct jbd2_inode *jbd2_alloc_inode(gfp_t gfp_flags)
{
return kmem_cache_alloc(jbd2_inode_cache, gfp_flags);
}
static inline void jbd2_free_inode(struct jbd2_inode *jinode)
{
kmem_cache_free(jbd2_inode_cache, jinode);
}
/* Primary revoke support */
#define JOURNAL_REVOKE_DEFAULT_HASH 256
extern int jbd2_journal_init_revoke(journal_t *, int);
extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_revoke_caches(void);
extern int jbd2_journal_init_revoke_caches(void);
extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_revoke(journal_t *);
extern int jbd2_journal_revoke (handle_t *, unsigned long long, struct buffer_head *);
extern int jbd2_journal_cancel_revoke(handle_t *, struct journal_head *);
extern void jbd2_journal_write_revoke_records(journal_t *,
transaction_t *, int);
/* Recovery revoke support */
extern int jbd2_journal_set_revoke(journal_t *, unsigned long long, tid_t);
extern int jbd2_journal_test_revoke(journal_t *, unsigned long long, tid_t);
extern void jbd2_journal_clear_revoke(journal_t *);
extern void jbd2_journal_switch_revoke_table(journal_t *journal);
extern void jbd2_clear_buffer_revoked_flags(journal_t *journal);
/*
* The log thread user interface:
*
* Request space in the current transaction, and force transaction commit
* transitions on demand.
*/
int __jbd2_log_space_left(journal_t *); /* Called with journal locked */
int jbd2_log_start_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid);
int __jbd2_log_start_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid);
int jbd2_journal_start_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t *tid);
int jbd2_journal_force_commit_nested(journal_t *journal);
int jbd2_log_wait_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid);
int jbd2_log_do_checkpoint(journal_t *journal);
int jbd2_trans_will_send_data_barrier(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid);
void __jbd2_log_wait_for_space(journal_t *journal);
extern void __jbd2_journal_drop_transaction(journal_t *, transaction_t *);
extern int jbd2_cleanup_journal_tail(journal_t *);
/* Debugging code only: */
#define jbd_ENOSYS() \
do { \
printk (KERN_ERR "JBD unimplemented function %s\n", __func__); \
current->state = TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE; \
schedule(); \
} while (1)
/*
* is_journal_abort
*
* Simple test wrapper function to test the JBD2_ABORT state flag. This
* bit, when set, indicates that we have had a fatal error somewhere,
* either inside the journaling layer or indicated to us by the client
* (eg. ext3), and that we and should not commit any further
* transactions.
*/
static inline int is_journal_aborted(journal_t *journal)
{
return journal->j_flags & JBD2_ABORT;
}
static inline int is_handle_aborted(handle_t *handle)
{
if (handle->h_aborted)
return 1;
return is_journal_aborted(handle->h_transaction->t_journal);
}
static inline void jbd2_journal_abort_handle(handle_t *handle)
{
handle->h_aborted = 1;
}
#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
/* Comparison functions for transaction IDs: perform comparisons using
* modulo arithmetic so that they work over sequence number wraps. */
static inline int tid_gt(tid_t x, tid_t y)
{
int difference = (x - y);
return (difference > 0);
}
static inline int tid_geq(tid_t x, tid_t y)
{
int difference = (x - y);
return (difference >= 0);
}
extern int jbd2_journal_blocks_per_page(struct inode *inode);
extern size_t journal_tag_bytes(journal_t *journal);
/*
* Return the minimum number of blocks which must be free in the journal
* before a new transaction may be started. Must be called under j_state_lock.
*/
static inline int jbd_space_needed(journal_t *journal)
{
int nblocks = journal->j_max_transaction_buffers;
if (journal->j_committing_transaction)
nblocks += atomic_read(&journal->j_committing_transaction->
t_outstanding_credits);
return nblocks;
}
/*
* Definitions which augment the buffer_head layer
*/
/* journaling buffer types */
#define BJ_None 0 /* Not journaled */
#define BJ_Metadata 1 /* Normal journaled metadata */
#define BJ_Forget 2 /* Buffer superseded by this transaction */
#define BJ_IO 3 /* Buffer is for temporary IO use */
#define BJ_Shadow 4 /* Buffer contents being shadowed to the log */
#define BJ_LogCtl 5 /* Buffer contains log descriptors */
#define BJ_Reserved 6 /* Buffer is reserved for access by journal */
#define BJ_Types 7
extern int jbd_blocks_per_page(struct inode *inode);
/* JBD uses a CRC32 checksum */
#define JBD_MAX_CHECKSUM_SIZE 4
static inline u32 jbd2_chksum(journal_t *journal, u32 crc,
const void *address, unsigned int length)
{
struct {
struct shash_desc shash;
char ctx[JBD_MAX_CHECKSUM_SIZE];
} desc;
int err;
BUG_ON(crypto_shash_descsize(journal->j_chksum_driver) >
JBD_MAX_CHECKSUM_SIZE);
desc.shash.tfm = journal->j_chksum_driver;
desc.shash.flags = 0;
*(u32 *)desc.ctx = crc;
err = crypto_shash_update(&desc.shash, address, length);
BUG_ON(err);
return *(u32 *)desc.ctx;
}
#ifdef __KERNEL__
#define buffer_trace_init(bh) do {} while (0)
#define print_buffer_fields(bh) do {} while (0)
#define print_buffer_trace(bh) do {} while (0)
#define BUFFER_TRACE(bh, info) do {} while (0)
#define BUFFER_TRACE2(bh, bh2, info) do {} while (0)
#define JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, info) do {} while (0)
#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
#endif /* _LINUX_JBD2_H */