original development tree for Linux kernel GTP module; now long in mainline.
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/*
* linux/fs/ext4/page-io.c
*
* This contains the new page_io functions for ext4
*
* Written by Theodore Ts'o, 2010.
*/
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/jbd2.h>
#include <linux/highuid.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/quotaops.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
#include <linux/pagevec.h>
#include <linux/mpage.h>
#include <linux/namei.h>
#include <linux/aio.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
#include <linux/bio.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/ratelimit.h>
#include "ext4_jbd2.h"
#include "xattr.h"
#include "acl.h"
static struct kmem_cache *io_end_cachep;
int __init ext4_init_pageio(void)
{
io_end_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(ext4_io_end, SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT);
if (io_end_cachep == NULL)
return -ENOMEM;
return 0;
}
void ext4_exit_pageio(void)
{
kmem_cache_destroy(io_end_cachep);
}
/*
* Print an buffer I/O error compatible with the fs/buffer.c. This
* provides compatibility with dmesg scrapers that look for a specific
* buffer I/O error message. We really need a unified error reporting
* structure to userspace ala Digital Unix's uerf system, but it's
* probably not going to happen in my lifetime, due to LKML politics...
*/
static void buffer_io_error(struct buffer_head *bh)
{
char b[BDEVNAME_SIZE];
printk_ratelimited(KERN_ERR "Buffer I/O error on device %s, logical block %llu\n",
bdevname(bh->b_bdev, b),
(unsigned long long)bh->b_blocknr);
}
static void ext4_finish_bio(struct bio *bio)
{
int i;
int error = !test_bit(BIO_UPTODATE, &bio->bi_flags);
for (i = 0; i < bio->bi_vcnt; i++) {
struct bio_vec *bvec = &bio->bi_io_vec[i];
struct page *page = bvec->bv_page;
struct buffer_head *bh, *head;
unsigned bio_start = bvec->bv_offset;
unsigned bio_end = bio_start + bvec->bv_len;
unsigned under_io = 0;
unsigned long flags;
if (!page)
continue;
if (error) {
SetPageError(page);
set_bit(AS_EIO, &page->mapping->flags);
}
bh = head = page_buffers(page);
/*
* We check all buffers in the page under BH_Uptodate_Lock
* to avoid races with other end io clearing async_write flags
*/
local_irq_save(flags);
bit_spin_lock(BH_Uptodate_Lock, &head->b_state);
do {
if (bh_offset(bh) < bio_start ||
bh_offset(bh) + bh->b_size > bio_end) {
if (buffer_async_write(bh))
under_io++;
continue;
}
clear_buffer_async_write(bh);
if (error)
buffer_io_error(bh);
} while ((bh = bh->b_this_page) != head);
bit_spin_unlock(BH_Uptodate_Lock, &head->b_state);
local_irq_restore(flags);
if (!under_io)
end_page_writeback(page);
}
}
static void ext4_release_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io_end)
{
struct bio *bio, *next_bio;
BUG_ON(!list_empty(&io_end->list));
BUG_ON(io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN);
WARN_ON(io_end->handle);
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&EXT4_I(io_end->inode)->i_ioend_count))
wake_up_all(ext4_ioend_wq(io_end->inode));
for (bio = io_end->bio; bio; bio = next_bio) {
next_bio = bio->bi_private;
ext4_finish_bio(bio);
bio_put(bio);
}
kmem_cache_free(io_end_cachep, io_end);
}
static void ext4_clear_io_unwritten_flag(ext4_io_end_t *io_end)
{
struct inode *inode = io_end->inode;
io_end->flag &= ~EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN;
/* Wake up anyone waiting on unwritten extent conversion */
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_unwritten))
wake_up_all(ext4_ioend_wq(inode));
}
/*
* Check a range of space and convert unwritten extents to written. Note that
* we are protected from truncate touching same part of extent tree by the
* fact that truncate code waits for all DIO to finish (thus exclusion from
* direct IO is achieved) and also waits for PageWriteback bits. Thus we
* cannot get to ext4_ext_truncate() before all IOs overlapping that range are
* completed (happens from ext4_free_ioend()).
*/
static int ext4_end_io(ext4_io_end_t *io)
{
struct inode *inode = io->inode;
loff_t offset = io->offset;
ssize_t size = io->size;
handle_t *handle = io->handle;
int ret = 0;
ext4_debug("ext4_end_io_nolock: io 0x%p from inode %lu,list->next 0x%p,"
"list->prev 0x%p\n",
io, inode->i_ino, io->list.next, io->list.prev);
io->handle = NULL; /* Following call will use up the handle */
ret = ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(handle, inode, offset, size);
if (ret < 0) {
ext4_msg(inode->i_sb, KERN_EMERG,
"failed to convert unwritten extents to written "
"extents -- potential data loss! "
"(inode %lu, offset %llu, size %zd, error %d)",
inode->i_ino, offset, size, ret);
}
ext4_clear_io_unwritten_flag(io);
ext4_release_io_end(io);
return ret;
}
static void dump_completed_IO(struct inode *inode, struct list_head *head)
{
#ifdef EXT4FS_DEBUG
struct list_head *cur, *before, *after;
ext4_io_end_t *io, *io0, *io1;
if (list_empty(head))
return;
ext4_debug("Dump inode %lu completed io list\n", inode->i_ino);
list_for_each_entry(io, head, list) {
cur = &io->list;
before = cur->prev;
io0 = container_of(before, ext4_io_end_t, list);
after = cur->next;
io1 = container_of(after, ext4_io_end_t, list);
ext4_debug("io 0x%p from inode %lu,prev 0x%p,next 0x%p\n",
io, inode->i_ino, io0, io1);
}
#endif
}
/* Add the io_end to per-inode completed end_io list. */
static void ext4_add_complete_io(ext4_io_end_t *io_end)
{
struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(io_end->inode);
struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(io_end->inode->i_sb);
struct workqueue_struct *wq;
unsigned long flags;
/* Only reserved conversions from writeback should enter here */
WARN_ON(!(io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN));
WARN_ON(!io_end->handle && sbi->s_journal);
spin_lock_irqsave(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
wq = sbi->rsv_conversion_wq;
if (list_empty(&ei->i_rsv_conversion_list))
queue_work(wq, &ei->i_rsv_conversion_work);
list_add_tail(&io_end->list, &ei->i_rsv_conversion_list);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
}
static int ext4_do_flush_completed_IO(struct inode *inode,
struct list_head *head)
{
ext4_io_end_t *io;
struct list_head unwritten;
unsigned long flags;
struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode);
int err, ret = 0;
spin_lock_irqsave(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
dump_completed_IO(inode, head);
list_replace_init(head, &unwritten);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
while (!list_empty(&unwritten)) {
io = list_entry(unwritten.next, ext4_io_end_t, list);
BUG_ON(!(io->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN));
list_del_init(&io->list);
err = ext4_end_io(io);
if (unlikely(!ret && err))
ret = err;
}
return ret;
}
/*
* work on completed IO, to convert unwritten extents to extents
*/
void ext4_end_io_rsv_work(struct work_struct *work)
{
struct ext4_inode_info *ei = container_of(work, struct ext4_inode_info,
i_rsv_conversion_work);
ext4_do_flush_completed_IO(&ei->vfs_inode, &ei->i_rsv_conversion_list);
}
ext4_io_end_t *ext4_init_io_end(struct inode *inode, gfp_t flags)
{
ext4_io_end_t *io = kmem_cache_zalloc(io_end_cachep, flags);
if (io) {
atomic_inc(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_ioend_count);
io->inode = inode;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&io->list);
atomic_set(&io->count, 1);
}
return io;
}
void ext4_put_io_end_defer(ext4_io_end_t *io_end)
{
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&io_end->count)) {
if (!(io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN) || !io_end->size) {
ext4_release_io_end(io_end);
return;
}
ext4_add_complete_io(io_end);
}
}
int ext4_put_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io_end)
{
int err = 0;
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&io_end->count)) {
if (io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN) {
err = ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(io_end->handle,
io_end->inode, io_end->offset,
io_end->size);
io_end->handle = NULL;
ext4_clear_io_unwritten_flag(io_end);
}
ext4_release_io_end(io_end);
}
return err;
}
ext4_io_end_t *ext4_get_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io_end)
{
atomic_inc(&io_end->count);
return io_end;
}
/* BIO completion function for page writeback */
static void ext4_end_bio(struct bio *bio, int error)
{
ext4_io_end_t *io_end = bio->bi_private;
sector_t bi_sector = bio->bi_sector;
BUG_ON(!io_end);
bio->bi_end_io = NULL;
if (test_bit(BIO_UPTODATE, &bio->bi_flags))
error = 0;
if (error) {
struct inode *inode = io_end->inode;
ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "I/O error writing to inode %lu "
"(offset %llu size %ld starting block %llu)",
inode->i_ino,
(unsigned long long) io_end->offset,
(long) io_end->size,
(unsigned long long)
bi_sector >> (inode->i_blkbits - 9));
}
if (io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN) {
/*
* Link bio into list hanging from io_end. We have to do it
* atomically as bio completions can be racing against each
* other.
*/
bio->bi_private = xchg(&io_end->bio, bio);
ext4_put_io_end_defer(io_end);
} else {
/*
* Drop io_end reference early. Inode can get freed once
* we finish the bio.
*/
ext4_put_io_end_defer(io_end);
ext4_finish_bio(bio);
bio_put(bio);
}
}
void ext4_io_submit(struct ext4_io_submit *io)
{
struct bio *bio = io->io_bio;
if (bio) {
bio_get(io->io_bio);
submit_bio(io->io_op, io->io_bio);
BUG_ON(bio_flagged(io->io_bio, BIO_EOPNOTSUPP));
bio_put(io->io_bio);
}
io->io_bio = NULL;
}
void ext4_io_submit_init(struct ext4_io_submit *io,
struct writeback_control *wbc)
{
io->io_op = (wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL ? WRITE_SYNC : WRITE);
io->io_bio = NULL;
io->io_end = NULL;
}
static int io_submit_init_bio(struct ext4_io_submit *io,
struct buffer_head *bh)
{
int nvecs = bio_get_nr_vecs(bh->b_bdev);
struct bio *bio;
bio = bio_alloc(GFP_NOIO, min(nvecs, BIO_MAX_PAGES));
if (!bio)
return -ENOMEM;
bio->bi_sector = bh->b_blocknr * (bh->b_size >> 9);
bio->bi_bdev = bh->b_bdev;
bio->bi_end_io = ext4_end_bio;
bio->bi_private = ext4_get_io_end(io->io_end);
io->io_bio = bio;
io->io_next_block = bh->b_blocknr;
return 0;
}
static int io_submit_add_bh(struct ext4_io_submit *io,
struct inode *inode,
struct buffer_head *bh)
{
int ret;
if (io->io_bio && bh->b_blocknr != io->io_next_block) {
submit_and_retry:
ext4_io_submit(io);
}
if (io->io_bio == NULL) {
ret = io_submit_init_bio(io, bh);
if (ret)
return ret;
}
ret = bio_add_page(io->io_bio, bh->b_page, bh->b_size, bh_offset(bh));
if (ret != bh->b_size)
goto submit_and_retry;
io->io_next_block++;
return 0;
}
int ext4_bio_write_page(struct ext4_io_submit *io,
struct page *page,
int len,
struct writeback_control *wbc)
{
struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host;
unsigned block_start, blocksize;
struct buffer_head *bh, *head;
int ret = 0;
int nr_submitted = 0;
blocksize = 1 << inode->i_blkbits;
BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
BUG_ON(PageWriteback(page));
set_page_writeback(page);
ClearPageError(page);
/*
* In the first loop we prepare and mark buffers to submit. We have to
* mark all buffers in the page before submitting so that
* end_page_writeback() cannot be called from ext4_bio_end_io() when IO
* on the first buffer finishes and we are still working on submitting
* the second buffer.
*/
bh = head = page_buffers(page);
do {
block_start = bh_offset(bh);
if (block_start >= len) {
/*
* Comments copied from block_write_full_page_endio:
*
* The page straddles i_size. It must be zeroed out on
* each and every writepage invocation because it may
* be mmapped. "A file is mapped in multiples of the
* page size. For a file that is not a multiple of
* the page size, the remaining memory is zeroed when
* mapped, and writes to that region are not written
* out to the file."
*/
zero_user_segment(page, block_start,
block_start + blocksize);
clear_buffer_dirty(bh);
set_buffer_uptodate(bh);
continue;
}
if (!buffer_dirty(bh) || buffer_delay(bh) ||
!buffer_mapped(bh) || buffer_unwritten(bh)) {
/* A hole? We can safely clear the dirty bit */
if (!buffer_mapped(bh))
clear_buffer_dirty(bh);
if (io->io_bio)
ext4_io_submit(io);
continue;
}
if (buffer_new(bh)) {
clear_buffer_new(bh);
unmap_underlying_metadata(bh->b_bdev, bh->b_blocknr);
}
set_buffer_async_write(bh);
} while ((bh = bh->b_this_page) != head);
/* Now submit buffers to write */
bh = head = page_buffers(page);
do {
if (!buffer_async_write(bh))
continue;
ret = io_submit_add_bh(io, inode, bh);
if (ret) {
/*
* We only get here on ENOMEM. Not much else
* we can do but mark the page as dirty, and
* better luck next time.
*/
redirty_page_for_writepage(wbc, page);
break;
}
nr_submitted++;
clear_buffer_dirty(bh);
} while ((bh = bh->b_this_page) != head);
/* Error stopped previous loop? Clean up buffers... */
if (ret) {
do {
clear_buffer_async_write(bh);
bh = bh->b_this_page;
} while (bh != head);
}
unlock_page(page);
/* Nothing submitted - we have to end page writeback */
if (!nr_submitted)
end_page_writeback(page);
return ret;
}