original development tree for Linux kernel GTP module; now long in mainline.
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/*
* linux/fs/ext4/file.c
*
* Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995
* Remy Card (card@masi.ibp.fr)
* Laboratoire MASI - Institut Blaise Pascal
* Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI)
*
* from
*
* linux/fs/minix/file.c
*
* Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds
*
* ext4 fs regular file handling primitives
*
* 64-bit file support on 64-bit platforms by Jakub Jelinek
* (jj@sunsite.ms.mff.cuni.cz)
*/
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/jbd2.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/path.h>
#include <linux/aio.h>
#include <linux/quotaops.h>
#include <linux/pagevec.h>
#include "ext4.h"
#include "ext4_jbd2.h"
#include "xattr.h"
#include "acl.h"
/*
* Called when an inode is released. Note that this is different
* from ext4_file_open: open gets called at every open, but release
* gets called only when /all/ the files are closed.
*/
static int ext4_release_file(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
if (ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_DA_ALLOC_CLOSE)) {
ext4_alloc_da_blocks(inode);
ext4_clear_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_DA_ALLOC_CLOSE);
}
/* if we are the last writer on the inode, drop the block reservation */
if ((filp->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) &&
(atomic_read(&inode->i_writecount) == 1) &&
!EXT4_I(inode)->i_reserved_data_blocks)
{
down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem);
ext4_discard_preallocations(inode);
up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem);
}
if (is_dx(inode) && filp->private_data)
ext4_htree_free_dir_info(filp->private_data);
return 0;
}
void ext4_unwritten_wait(struct inode *inode)
{
wait_queue_head_t *wq = ext4_ioend_wq(inode);
wait_event(*wq, (atomic_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_unwritten) == 0));
}
/*
* This tests whether the IO in question is block-aligned or not.
* Ext4 utilizes unwritten extents when hole-filling during direct IO, and they
* are converted to written only after the IO is complete. Until they are
* mapped, these blocks appear as holes, so dio_zero_block() will assume that
* it needs to zero out portions of the start and/or end block. If 2 AIO
* threads are at work on the same unwritten block, they must be synchronized
* or one thread will zero the other's data, causing corruption.
*/
static int
ext4_unaligned_aio(struct inode *inode, const struct iovec *iov,
unsigned long nr_segs, loff_t pos)
{
struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
int blockmask = sb->s_blocksize - 1;
size_t count = iov_length(iov, nr_segs);
loff_t final_size = pos + count;
if (pos >= inode->i_size)
return 0;
if ((pos & blockmask) || (final_size & blockmask))
return 1;
return 0;
}
static ssize_t
ext4_file_dio_write(struct kiocb *iocb, const struct iovec *iov,
unsigned long nr_segs, loff_t pos)
{
struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
struct inode *inode = file->f_mapping->host;
struct blk_plug plug;
int unaligned_aio = 0;
ssize_t ret;
int overwrite = 0;
size_t length = iov_length(iov, nr_segs);
if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS) &&
!is_sync_kiocb(iocb))
unaligned_aio = ext4_unaligned_aio(inode, iov, nr_segs, pos);
/* Unaligned direct AIO must be serialized; see comment above */
if (unaligned_aio) {
mutex_lock(ext4_aio_mutex(inode));
ext4_unwritten_wait(inode);
}
BUG_ON(iocb->ki_pos != pos);
mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
blk_start_plug(&plug);
iocb->private = &overwrite;
/* check whether we do a DIO overwrite or not */
if (ext4_should_dioread_nolock(inode) && !unaligned_aio &&
!file->f_mapping->nrpages && pos + length <= i_size_read(inode)) {
struct ext4_map_blocks map;
unsigned int blkbits = inode->i_blkbits;
int err, len;
map.m_lblk = pos >> blkbits;
map.m_len = (EXT4_BLOCK_ALIGN(pos + length, blkbits) >> blkbits)
- map.m_lblk;
len = map.m_len;
err = ext4_map_blocks(NULL, inode, &map, 0);
/*
* 'err==len' means that all of blocks has been preallocated no
* matter they are initialized or not. For excluding
* uninitialized extents, we need to check m_flags. There are
* two conditions that indicate for initialized extents.
* 1) If we hit extent cache, EXT4_MAP_MAPPED flag is returned;
* 2) If we do a real lookup, non-flags are returned.
* So we should check these two conditions.
*/
if (err == len && (map.m_flags & EXT4_MAP_MAPPED))
overwrite = 1;
}
ret = __generic_file_aio_write(iocb, iov, nr_segs, &iocb->ki_pos);
mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
if (ret > 0) {
ssize_t err;
err = generic_write_sync(file, pos, ret);
if (err < 0 && ret > 0)
ret = err;
}
blk_finish_plug(&plug);
if (unaligned_aio)
mutex_unlock(ext4_aio_mutex(inode));
return ret;
}
static ssize_t
ext4_file_write(struct kiocb *iocb, const struct iovec *iov,
unsigned long nr_segs, loff_t pos)
{
struct inode *inode = file_inode(iocb->ki_filp);
ssize_t ret;
/*
* If we have encountered a bitmap-format file, the size limit
* is smaller than s_maxbytes, which is for extent-mapped files.
*/
if (!(ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS))) {
struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb);
size_t length = iov_length(iov, nr_segs);
if ((pos > sbi->s_bitmap_maxbytes ||
(pos == sbi->s_bitmap_maxbytes && length > 0)))
return -EFBIG;
if (pos + length > sbi->s_bitmap_maxbytes) {
nr_segs = iov_shorten((struct iovec *)iov, nr_segs,
sbi->s_bitmap_maxbytes - pos);
}
}
if (unlikely(iocb->ki_filp->f_flags & O_DIRECT))
ret = ext4_file_dio_write(iocb, iov, nr_segs, pos);
else
ret = generic_file_aio_write(iocb, iov, nr_segs, pos);
return ret;
}
static const struct vm_operations_struct ext4_file_vm_ops = {
.fault = filemap_fault,
.page_mkwrite = ext4_page_mkwrite,
.remap_pages = generic_file_remap_pages,
};
static int ext4_file_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
if (!mapping->a_ops->readpage)
return -ENOEXEC;
file_accessed(file);
vma->vm_ops = &ext4_file_vm_ops;
return 0;
}
static int ext4_file_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp)
{
struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb);
struct vfsmount *mnt = filp->f_path.mnt;
struct path path;
char buf[64], *cp;
if (unlikely(!(sbi->s_mount_flags & EXT4_MF_MNTDIR_SAMPLED) &&
!(sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY))) {
sbi->s_mount_flags |= EXT4_MF_MNTDIR_SAMPLED;
/*
* Sample where the filesystem has been mounted and
* store it in the superblock for sysadmin convenience
* when trying to sort through large numbers of block
* devices or filesystem images.
*/
memset(buf, 0, sizeof(buf));
path.mnt = mnt;
path.dentry = mnt->mnt_root;
cp = d_path(&path, buf, sizeof(buf));
if (!IS_ERR(cp)) {
handle_t *handle;
int err;
handle = ext4_journal_start_sb(sb, EXT4_HT_MISC, 1);
if (IS_ERR(handle))
return PTR_ERR(handle);
err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, sbi->s_sbh);
if (err) {
ext4_journal_stop(handle);
return err;
}
strlcpy(sbi->s_es->s_last_mounted, cp,
sizeof(sbi->s_es->s_last_mounted));
ext4_handle_dirty_super(handle, sb);
ext4_journal_stop(handle);
}
}
/*
* Set up the jbd2_inode if we are opening the inode for
* writing and the journal is present
*/
if (filp->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) {
int ret = ext4_inode_attach_jinode(inode);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
}
return dquot_file_open(inode, filp);
}
/*
* Here we use ext4_map_blocks() to get a block mapping for a extent-based
* file rather than ext4_ext_walk_space() because we can introduce
* SEEK_DATA/SEEK_HOLE for block-mapped and extent-mapped file at the same
* function. When extent status tree has been fully implemented, it will
* track all extent status for a file and we can directly use it to
* retrieve the offset for SEEK_DATA/SEEK_HOLE.
*/
/*
* When we retrieve the offset for SEEK_DATA/SEEK_HOLE, we would need to
* lookup page cache to check whether or not there has some data between
* [startoff, endoff] because, if this range contains an unwritten extent,
* we determine this extent as a data or a hole according to whether the
* page cache has data or not.
*/
static int ext4_find_unwritten_pgoff(struct inode *inode,
int whence,
struct ext4_map_blocks *map,
loff_t *offset)
{
struct pagevec pvec;
unsigned int blkbits;
pgoff_t index;
pgoff_t end;
loff_t endoff;
loff_t startoff;
loff_t lastoff;
int found = 0;
blkbits = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits;
startoff = *offset;
lastoff = startoff;
endoff = (loff_t)(map->m_lblk + map->m_len) << blkbits;
index = startoff >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
end = endoff >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
pagevec_init(&pvec, 0);
do {
int i, num;
unsigned long nr_pages;
num = min_t(pgoff_t, end - index, PAGEVEC_SIZE);
nr_pages = pagevec_lookup(&pvec, inode->i_mapping, index,
(pgoff_t)num);
if (nr_pages == 0) {
if (whence == SEEK_DATA)
break;
BUG_ON(whence != SEEK_HOLE);
/*
* If this is the first time to go into the loop and
* offset is not beyond the end offset, it will be a
* hole at this offset
*/
if (lastoff == startoff || lastoff < endoff)
found = 1;
break;
}
/*
* If this is the first time to go into the loop and
* offset is smaller than the first page offset, it will be a
* hole at this offset.
*/
if (lastoff == startoff && whence == SEEK_HOLE &&
lastoff < page_offset(pvec.pages[0])) {
found = 1;
break;
}
for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) {
struct page *page = pvec.pages[i];
struct buffer_head *bh, *head;
/*
* If the current offset is not beyond the end of given
* range, it will be a hole.
*/
if (lastoff < endoff && whence == SEEK_HOLE &&
page->index > end) {
found = 1;
*offset = lastoff;
goto out;
}
lock_page(page);
if (unlikely(page->mapping != inode->i_mapping)) {
unlock_page(page);
continue;
}
if (!page_has_buffers(page)) {
unlock_page(page);
continue;
}
if (page_has_buffers(page)) {
lastoff = page_offset(page);
bh = head = page_buffers(page);
do {
if (buffer_uptodate(bh) ||
buffer_unwritten(bh)) {
if (whence == SEEK_DATA)
found = 1;
} else {
if (whence == SEEK_HOLE)
found = 1;
}
if (found) {
*offset = max_t(loff_t,
startoff, lastoff);
unlock_page(page);
goto out;
}
lastoff += bh->b_size;
bh = bh->b_this_page;
} while (bh != head);
}
lastoff = page_offset(page) + PAGE_SIZE;
unlock_page(page);
}
/*
* The no. of pages is less than our desired, that would be a
* hole in there.
*/
if (nr_pages < num && whence == SEEK_HOLE) {
found = 1;
*offset = lastoff;
break;
}
index = pvec.pages[i - 1]->index + 1;
pagevec_release(&pvec);
} while (index <= end);
out:
pagevec_release(&pvec);
return found;
}
/*
* ext4_seek_data() retrieves the offset for SEEK_DATA.
*/
static loff_t ext4_seek_data(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t maxsize)
{
struct inode *inode = file->f_mapping->host;
struct ext4_map_blocks map;
struct extent_status es;
ext4_lblk_t start, last, end;
loff_t dataoff, isize;
int blkbits;
int ret = 0;
mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
isize = i_size_read(inode);
if (offset >= isize) {
mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
return -ENXIO;
}
blkbits = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits;
start = offset >> blkbits;
last = start;
end = isize >> blkbits;
dataoff = offset;
do {
map.m_lblk = last;
map.m_len = end - last + 1;
ret = ext4_map_blocks(NULL, inode, &map, 0);
if (ret > 0 && !(map.m_flags & EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN)) {
if (last != start)
dataoff = (loff_t)last << blkbits;
break;
}
/*
* If there is a delay extent at this offset,
* it will be as a data.
*/
ext4_es_find_delayed_extent_range(inode, last, last, &es);
if (es.es_len != 0 && in_range(last, es.es_lblk, es.es_len)) {
if (last != start)
dataoff = (loff_t)last << blkbits;
break;
}
/*
* If there is a unwritten extent at this offset,
* it will be as a data or a hole according to page
* cache that has data or not.
*/
if (map.m_flags & EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN) {
int unwritten;
unwritten = ext4_find_unwritten_pgoff(inode, SEEK_DATA,
&map, &dataoff);
if (unwritten)
break;
}
last++;
dataoff = (loff_t)last << blkbits;
} while (last <= end);
mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
if (dataoff > isize)
return -ENXIO;
return vfs_setpos(file, dataoff, maxsize);
}
/*
* ext4_seek_hole() retrieves the offset for SEEK_HOLE.
*/
static loff_t ext4_seek_hole(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t maxsize)
{
struct inode *inode = file->f_mapping->host;
struct ext4_map_blocks map;
struct extent_status es;
ext4_lblk_t start, last, end;
loff_t holeoff, isize;
int blkbits;
int ret = 0;
mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
isize = i_size_read(inode);
if (offset >= isize) {
mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
return -ENXIO;
}
blkbits = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits;
start = offset >> blkbits;
last = start;
end = isize >> blkbits;
holeoff = offset;
do {
map.m_lblk = last;
map.m_len = end - last + 1;
ret = ext4_map_blocks(NULL, inode, &map, 0);
if (ret > 0 && !(map.m_flags & EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN)) {
last += ret;
holeoff = (loff_t)last << blkbits;
continue;
}
/*
* If there is a delay extent at this offset,
* we will skip this extent.
*/
ext4_es_find_delayed_extent_range(inode, last, last, &es);
if (es.es_len != 0 && in_range(last, es.es_lblk, es.es_len)) {
last = es.es_lblk + es.es_len;
holeoff = (loff_t)last << blkbits;
continue;
}
/*
* If there is a unwritten extent at this offset,
* it will be as a data or a hole according to page
* cache that has data or not.
*/
if (map.m_flags & EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN) {
int unwritten;
unwritten = ext4_find_unwritten_pgoff(inode, SEEK_HOLE,
&map, &holeoff);
if (!unwritten) {
last += ret;
holeoff = (loff_t)last << blkbits;
continue;
}
}
/* find a hole */
break;
} while (last <= end);
mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
if (holeoff > isize)
holeoff = isize;
return vfs_setpos(file, holeoff, maxsize);
}
/*
* ext4_llseek() handles both block-mapped and extent-mapped maxbytes values
* by calling generic_file_llseek_size() with the appropriate maxbytes
* value for each.
*/
loff_t ext4_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence)
{
struct inode *inode = file->f_mapping->host;
loff_t maxbytes;
if (!(ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)))
maxbytes = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_bitmap_maxbytes;
else
maxbytes = inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes;
switch (whence) {
case SEEK_SET:
case SEEK_CUR:
case SEEK_END:
return generic_file_llseek_size(file, offset, whence,
maxbytes, i_size_read(inode));
case SEEK_DATA:
return ext4_seek_data(file, offset, maxbytes);
case SEEK_HOLE:
return ext4_seek_hole(file, offset, maxbytes);
}
return -EINVAL;
}
const struct file_operations ext4_file_operations = {
.llseek = ext4_llseek,
.read = do_sync_read,
.write = do_sync_write,
.aio_read = generic_file_aio_read,
.aio_write = ext4_file_write,
.unlocked_ioctl = ext4_ioctl,
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
.compat_ioctl = ext4_compat_ioctl,
#endif
.mmap = ext4_file_mmap,
.open = ext4_file_open,
.release = ext4_release_file,
.fsync = ext4_sync_file,
.splice_read = generic_file_splice_read,
.splice_write = generic_file_splice_write,
.fallocate = ext4_fallocate,
};
const struct inode_operations ext4_file_inode_operations = {
.setattr = ext4_setattr,
.getattr = ext4_getattr,
.setxattr = generic_setxattr,
.getxattr = generic_getxattr,
.listxattr = ext4_listxattr,
.removexattr = generic_removexattr,
.get_acl = ext4_get_acl,
.fiemap = ext4_fiemap,
};