original development tree for Linux kernel GTP module; now long in mainline.
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/*
* linux/fs/ext4/balloc.c
*
* Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995
* Remy Card (card@masi.ibp.fr)
* Laboratoire MASI - Institut Blaise Pascal
* Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI)
*
* Enhanced block allocation by Stephen Tweedie (sct@redhat.com), 1993
* Big-endian to little-endian byte-swapping/bitmaps by
* David S. Miller (davem@caip.rutgers.edu), 1995
*/
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/jbd2.h>
#include <linux/quotaops.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
#include "ext4.h"
#include "ext4_jbd2.h"
#include "mballoc.h"
#include <trace/events/ext4.h>
static unsigned ext4_num_base_meta_clusters(struct super_block *sb,
ext4_group_t block_group);
/*
* balloc.c contains the blocks allocation and deallocation routines
*/
/*
* Calculate block group number for a given block number
*/
ext4_group_t ext4_get_group_number(struct super_block *sb,
ext4_fsblk_t block)
{
ext4_group_t group;
if (test_opt2(sb, STD_GROUP_SIZE))
group = (block -
le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_first_data_block)) >>
(EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb) + EXT4_CLUSTER_BITS(sb) + 3);
else
ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, block, &group, NULL);
return group;
}
/*
* Calculate the block group number and offset into the block/cluster
* allocation bitmap, given a block number
*/
void ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t blocknr,
ext4_group_t *blockgrpp, ext4_grpblk_t *offsetp)
{
struct ext4_super_block *es = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es;
ext4_grpblk_t offset;
blocknr = blocknr - le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_data_block);
offset = do_div(blocknr, EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb)) >>
EXT4_SB(sb)->s_cluster_bits;
if (offsetp)
*offsetp = offset;
if (blockgrpp)
*blockgrpp = blocknr;
}
/*
* Check whether the 'block' lives within the 'block_group'. Returns 1 if so
* and 0 otherwise.
*/
static inline int ext4_block_in_group(struct super_block *sb,
ext4_fsblk_t block,
ext4_group_t block_group)
{
ext4_group_t actual_group;
actual_group = ext4_get_group_number(sb, block);
return (actual_group == block_group) ? 1 : 0;
}
/* Return the number of clusters used for file system metadata; this
* represents the overhead needed by the file system.
*/
unsigned ext4_num_overhead_clusters(struct super_block *sb,
ext4_group_t block_group,
struct ext4_group_desc *gdp)
{
unsigned num_clusters;
int block_cluster = -1, inode_cluster = -1, itbl_cluster = -1, i, c;
ext4_fsblk_t start = ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, block_group);
ext4_fsblk_t itbl_blk;
struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
/* This is the number of clusters used by the superblock,
* block group descriptors, and reserved block group
* descriptor blocks */
num_clusters = ext4_num_base_meta_clusters(sb, block_group);
/*
* For the allocation bitmaps and inode table, we first need
* to check to see if the block is in the block group. If it
* is, then check to see if the cluster is already accounted
* for in the clusters used for the base metadata cluster, or
* if we can increment the base metadata cluster to include
* that block. Otherwise, we will have to track the cluster
* used for the allocation bitmap or inode table explicitly.
* Normally all of these blocks are contiguous, so the special
* case handling shouldn't be necessary except for *very*
* unusual file system layouts.
*/
if (ext4_block_in_group(sb, ext4_block_bitmap(sb, gdp), block_group)) {
block_cluster = EXT4_B2C(sbi,
ext4_block_bitmap(sb, gdp) - start);
if (block_cluster < num_clusters)
block_cluster = -1;
else if (block_cluster == num_clusters) {
num_clusters++;
block_cluster = -1;
}
}
if (ext4_block_in_group(sb, ext4_inode_bitmap(sb, gdp), block_group)) {
inode_cluster = EXT4_B2C(sbi,
ext4_inode_bitmap(sb, gdp) - start);
if (inode_cluster < num_clusters)
inode_cluster = -1;
else if (inode_cluster == num_clusters) {
num_clusters++;
inode_cluster = -1;
}
}
itbl_blk = ext4_inode_table(sb, gdp);
for (i = 0; i < sbi->s_itb_per_group; i++) {
if (ext4_block_in_group(sb, itbl_blk + i, block_group)) {
c = EXT4_B2C(sbi, itbl_blk + i - start);
if ((c < num_clusters) || (c == inode_cluster) ||
(c == block_cluster) || (c == itbl_cluster))
continue;
if (c == num_clusters) {
num_clusters++;
continue;
}
num_clusters++;
itbl_cluster = c;
}
}
if (block_cluster != -1)
num_clusters++;
if (inode_cluster != -1)
num_clusters++;
return num_clusters;
}
static unsigned int num_clusters_in_group(struct super_block *sb,
ext4_group_t block_group)
{
unsigned int blocks;
if (block_group == ext4_get_groups_count(sb) - 1) {
/*
* Even though mke2fs always initializes the first and
* last group, just in case some other tool was used,
* we need to make sure we calculate the right free
* blocks.
*/
blocks = ext4_blocks_count(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es) -
ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, block_group);
} else
blocks = EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb);
return EXT4_NUM_B2C(EXT4_SB(sb), blocks);
}
/* Initializes an uninitialized block bitmap */
void ext4_init_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, struct buffer_head *bh,
ext4_group_t block_group,
struct ext4_group_desc *gdp)
{
unsigned int bit, bit_max;
struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
ext4_fsblk_t start, tmp;
int flex_bg = 0;
struct ext4_group_info *grp;
J_ASSERT_BH(bh, buffer_locked(bh));
/* If checksum is bad mark all blocks used to prevent allocation
* essentially implementing a per-group read-only flag. */
if (!ext4_group_desc_csum_verify(sb, block_group, gdp)) {
ext4_error(sb, "Checksum bad for group %u", block_group);
grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, block_group);
set_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT, &grp->bb_state);
set_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT, &grp->bb_state);
return;
}
memset(bh->b_data, 0, sb->s_blocksize);
bit_max = ext4_num_base_meta_clusters(sb, block_group);
for (bit = 0; bit < bit_max; bit++)
ext4_set_bit(bit, bh->b_data);
start = ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, block_group);
if (EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FLEX_BG))
flex_bg = 1;
/* Set bits for block and inode bitmaps, and inode table */
tmp = ext4_block_bitmap(sb, gdp);
if (!flex_bg || ext4_block_in_group(sb, tmp, block_group))
ext4_set_bit(EXT4_B2C(sbi, tmp - start), bh->b_data);
tmp = ext4_inode_bitmap(sb, gdp);
if (!flex_bg || ext4_block_in_group(sb, tmp, block_group))
ext4_set_bit(EXT4_B2C(sbi, tmp - start), bh->b_data);
tmp = ext4_inode_table(sb, gdp);
for (; tmp < ext4_inode_table(sb, gdp) +
sbi->s_itb_per_group; tmp++) {
if (!flex_bg || ext4_block_in_group(sb, tmp, block_group))
ext4_set_bit(EXT4_B2C(sbi, tmp - start), bh->b_data);
}
/*
* Also if the number of blocks within the group is less than
* the blocksize * 8 ( which is the size of bitmap ), set rest
* of the block bitmap to 1
*/
ext4_mark_bitmap_end(num_clusters_in_group(sb, block_group),
sb->s_blocksize * 8, bh->b_data);
ext4_block_bitmap_csum_set(sb, block_group, gdp, bh);
ext4_group_desc_csum_set(sb, block_group, gdp);
}
/* Return the number of free blocks in a block group. It is used when
* the block bitmap is uninitialized, so we can't just count the bits
* in the bitmap. */
unsigned ext4_free_clusters_after_init(struct super_block *sb,
ext4_group_t block_group,
struct ext4_group_desc *gdp)
{
return num_clusters_in_group(sb, block_group) -
ext4_num_overhead_clusters(sb, block_group, gdp);
}
/*
* The free blocks are managed by bitmaps. A file system contains several
* blocks groups. Each group contains 1 bitmap block for blocks, 1 bitmap
* block for inodes, N blocks for the inode table and data blocks.
*
* The file system contains group descriptors which are located after the
* super block. Each descriptor contains the number of the bitmap block and
* the free blocks count in the block. The descriptors are loaded in memory
* when a file system is mounted (see ext4_fill_super).
*/
/**
* ext4_get_group_desc() -- load group descriptor from disk
* @sb: super block
* @block_group: given block group
* @bh: pointer to the buffer head to store the block
* group descriptor
*/
struct ext4_group_desc * ext4_get_group_desc(struct super_block *sb,
ext4_group_t block_group,
struct buffer_head **bh)
{
unsigned int group_desc;
unsigned int offset;
ext4_group_t ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb);
struct ext4_group_desc *desc;
struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
if (block_group >= ngroups) {
ext4_error(sb, "block_group >= groups_count - block_group = %u,"
" groups_count = %u", block_group, ngroups);
return NULL;
}
group_desc = block_group >> EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(sb);
offset = block_group & (EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb) - 1);
if (!sbi->s_group_desc[group_desc]) {
ext4_error(sb, "Group descriptor not loaded - "
"block_group = %u, group_desc = %u, desc = %u",
block_group, group_desc, offset);
return NULL;
}
desc = (struct ext4_group_desc *)(
(__u8 *)sbi->s_group_desc[group_desc]->b_data +
offset * EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb));
if (bh)
*bh = sbi->s_group_desc[group_desc];
return desc;
}
/*
* Return the block number which was discovered to be invalid, or 0 if
* the block bitmap is valid.
*/
static ext4_fsblk_t ext4_valid_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb,
struct ext4_group_desc *desc,
ext4_group_t block_group,
struct buffer_head *bh)
{
ext4_grpblk_t offset;
ext4_grpblk_t next_zero_bit;
ext4_fsblk_t blk;
ext4_fsblk_t group_first_block;
if (EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FLEX_BG)) {
/* with FLEX_BG, the inode/block bitmaps and itable
* blocks may not be in the group at all
* so the bitmap validation will be skipped for those groups
* or it has to also read the block group where the bitmaps
* are located to verify they are set.
*/
return 0;
}
group_first_block = ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, block_group);
/* check whether block bitmap block number is set */
blk = ext4_block_bitmap(sb, desc);
offset = blk - group_first_block;
if (!ext4_test_bit(offset, bh->b_data))
/* bad block bitmap */
return blk;
/* check whether the inode bitmap block number is set */
blk = ext4_inode_bitmap(sb, desc);
offset = blk - group_first_block;
if (!ext4_test_bit(offset, bh->b_data))
/* bad block bitmap */
return blk;
/* check whether the inode table block number is set */
blk = ext4_inode_table(sb, desc);
offset = blk - group_first_block;
next_zero_bit = ext4_find_next_zero_bit(bh->b_data,
offset + EXT4_SB(sb)->s_itb_per_group,
offset);
if (next_zero_bit < offset + EXT4_SB(sb)->s_itb_per_group)
/* bad bitmap for inode tables */
return blk;
return 0;
}
void ext4_validate_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb,
struct ext4_group_desc *desc,
ext4_group_t block_group,
struct buffer_head *bh)
{
ext4_fsblk_t blk;
struct ext4_group_info *grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, block_group);
if (buffer_verified(bh))
return;
ext4_lock_group(sb, block_group);
blk = ext4_valid_block_bitmap(sb, desc, block_group, bh);
if (unlikely(blk != 0)) {
ext4_unlock_group(sb, block_group);
ext4_error(sb, "bg %u: block %llu: invalid block bitmap",
block_group, blk);
set_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT, &grp->bb_state);
return;
}
if (unlikely(!ext4_block_bitmap_csum_verify(sb, block_group,
desc, bh))) {
ext4_unlock_group(sb, block_group);
ext4_error(sb, "bg %u: bad block bitmap checksum", block_group);
set_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT, &grp->bb_state);
return;
}
set_buffer_verified(bh);
ext4_unlock_group(sb, block_group);
}
/**
* ext4_read_block_bitmap_nowait()
* @sb: super block
* @block_group: given block group
*
* Read the bitmap for a given block_group,and validate the
* bits for block/inode/inode tables are set in the bitmaps
*
* Return buffer_head on success or NULL in case of failure.
*/
struct buffer_head *
ext4_read_block_bitmap_nowait(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group)
{
struct ext4_group_desc *desc;
struct buffer_head *bh;
ext4_fsblk_t bitmap_blk;
desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, block_group, NULL);
if (!desc)
return NULL;
bitmap_blk = ext4_block_bitmap(sb, desc);
bh = sb_getblk(sb, bitmap_blk);
if (unlikely(!bh)) {
ext4_error(sb, "Cannot get buffer for block bitmap - "
"block_group = %u, block_bitmap = %llu",
block_group, bitmap_blk);
return NULL;
}
if (bitmap_uptodate(bh))
goto verify;
lock_buffer(bh);
if (bitmap_uptodate(bh)) {
unlock_buffer(bh);
goto verify;
}
ext4_lock_group(sb, block_group);
if (desc->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT)) {
ext4_init_block_bitmap(sb, bh, block_group, desc);
set_bitmap_uptodate(bh);
set_buffer_uptodate(bh);
ext4_unlock_group(sb, block_group);
unlock_buffer(bh);
return bh;
}
ext4_unlock_group(sb, block_group);
if (buffer_uptodate(bh)) {
/*
* if not uninit if bh is uptodate,
* bitmap is also uptodate
*/
set_bitmap_uptodate(bh);
unlock_buffer(bh);
goto verify;
}
/*
* submit the buffer_head for reading
*/
set_buffer_new(bh);
trace_ext4_read_block_bitmap_load(sb, block_group);
bh->b_end_io = ext4_end_bitmap_read;
get_bh(bh);
submit_bh(READ | REQ_META | REQ_PRIO, bh);
return bh;
verify:
ext4_validate_block_bitmap(sb, desc, block_group, bh);
if (buffer_verified(bh))
return bh;
put_bh(bh);
return NULL;
}
/* Returns 0 on success, 1 on error */
int ext4_wait_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group,
struct buffer_head *bh)
{
struct ext4_group_desc *desc;
if (!buffer_new(bh))
return 0;
desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, block_group, NULL);
if (!desc)
return 1;
wait_on_buffer(bh);
if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) {
ext4_error(sb, "Cannot read block bitmap - "
"block_group = %u, block_bitmap = %llu",
block_group, (unsigned long long) bh->b_blocknr);
return 1;
}
clear_buffer_new(bh);
/* Panic or remount fs read-only if block bitmap is invalid */
ext4_validate_block_bitmap(sb, desc, block_group, bh);
/* ...but check for error just in case errors=continue. */
return !buffer_verified(bh);
}
struct buffer_head *
ext4_read_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group)
{
struct buffer_head *bh;
bh = ext4_read_block_bitmap_nowait(sb, block_group);
if (!bh)
return NULL;
if (ext4_wait_block_bitmap(sb, block_group, bh)) {
put_bh(bh);
return NULL;
}
return bh;
}
/**
* ext4_has_free_clusters()
* @sbi: in-core super block structure.
* @nclusters: number of needed blocks
* @flags: flags from ext4_mb_new_blocks()
*
* Check if filesystem has nclusters free & available for allocation.
* On success return 1, return 0 on failure.
*/
static int ext4_has_free_clusters(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi,
s64 nclusters, unsigned int flags)
{
s64 free_clusters, dirty_clusters, rsv, resv_clusters;
struct percpu_counter *fcc = &sbi->s_freeclusters_counter;
struct percpu_counter *dcc = &sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter;
free_clusters = percpu_counter_read_positive(fcc);
dirty_clusters = percpu_counter_read_positive(dcc);
resv_clusters = atomic64_read(&sbi->s_resv_clusters);
/*
* r_blocks_count should always be multiple of the cluster ratio so
* we are safe to do a plane bit shift only.
*/
rsv = (ext4_r_blocks_count(sbi->s_es) >> sbi->s_cluster_bits) +
resv_clusters;
if (free_clusters - (nclusters + rsv + dirty_clusters) <
EXT4_FREECLUSTERS_WATERMARK) {
free_clusters = percpu_counter_sum_positive(fcc);
dirty_clusters = percpu_counter_sum_positive(dcc);
}
/* Check whether we have space after accounting for current
* dirty clusters & root reserved clusters.
*/
if (free_clusters >= (rsv + nclusters + dirty_clusters))
return 1;
/* Hm, nope. Are (enough) root reserved clusters available? */
if (uid_eq(sbi->s_resuid, current_fsuid()) ||
(!gid_eq(sbi->s_resgid, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID) && in_group_p(sbi->s_resgid)) ||
capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE) ||
(flags & EXT4_MB_USE_ROOT_BLOCKS)) {
if (free_clusters >= (nclusters + dirty_clusters +
resv_clusters))
return 1;
}
/* No free blocks. Let's see if we can dip into reserved pool */
if (flags & EXT4_MB_USE_RESERVED) {
if (free_clusters >= (nclusters + dirty_clusters))
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
int ext4_claim_free_clusters(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi,
s64 nclusters, unsigned int flags)
{
if (ext4_has_free_clusters(sbi, nclusters, flags)) {
percpu_counter_add(&sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter, nclusters);
return 0;
} else
return -ENOSPC;
}
/**
* ext4_should_retry_alloc()
* @sb: super block
* @retries number of attemps has been made
*
* ext4_should_retry_alloc() is called when ENOSPC is returned, and if
* it is profitable to retry the operation, this function will wait
* for the current or committing transaction to complete, and then
* return TRUE.
*
* if the total number of retries exceed three times, return FALSE.
*/
int ext4_should_retry_alloc(struct super_block *sb, int *retries)
{
if (!ext4_has_free_clusters(EXT4_SB(sb), 1, 0) ||
(*retries)++ > 3 ||
!EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal)
return 0;
jbd_debug(1, "%s: retrying operation after ENOSPC\n", sb->s_id);
return jbd2_journal_force_commit_nested(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal);
}
/*
* ext4_new_meta_blocks() -- allocate block for meta data (indexing) blocks
*
* @handle: handle to this transaction
* @inode: file inode
* @goal: given target block(filesystem wide)
* @count: pointer to total number of clusters needed
* @errp: error code
*
* Return 1st allocated block number on success, *count stores total account
* error stores in errp pointer
*/
ext4_fsblk_t ext4_new_meta_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
ext4_fsblk_t goal, unsigned int flags,
unsigned long *count, int *errp)
{
struct ext4_allocation_request ar;
ext4_fsblk_t ret;
memset(&ar, 0, sizeof(ar));
/* Fill with neighbour allocated blocks */
ar.inode = inode;
ar.goal = goal;
ar.len = count ? *count : 1;
ar.flags = flags;
ret = ext4_mb_new_blocks(handle, &ar, errp);
if (count)
*count = ar.len;
/*
* Account for the allocated meta blocks. We will never
* fail EDQUOT for metdata, but we do account for it.
*/
if (!(*errp) &&
ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_DELALLOC_RESERVED)) {
spin_lock(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_block_reservation_lock);
EXT4_I(inode)->i_allocated_meta_blocks += ar.len;
spin_unlock(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_block_reservation_lock);
dquot_alloc_block_nofail(inode,
EXT4_C2B(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb), ar.len));
}
return ret;
}
/**
* ext4_count_free_clusters() -- count filesystem free clusters
* @sb: superblock
*
* Adds up the number of free clusters from each block group.
*/
ext4_fsblk_t ext4_count_free_clusters(struct super_block *sb)
{
ext4_fsblk_t desc_count;
struct ext4_group_desc *gdp;
ext4_group_t i;
ext4_group_t ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb);
struct ext4_group_info *grp;
#ifdef EXT4FS_DEBUG
struct ext4_super_block *es;
ext4_fsblk_t bitmap_count;
unsigned int x;
struct buffer_head *bitmap_bh = NULL;
es = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es;
desc_count = 0;
bitmap_count = 0;
gdp = NULL;
for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) {
gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, i, NULL);
if (!gdp)
continue;
grp = NULL;
if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_group_info)
grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, i);
if (!grp || !EXT4_MB_GRP_BBITMAP_CORRUPT(grp))
desc_count += ext4_free_group_clusters(sb, gdp);
brelse(bitmap_bh);
bitmap_bh = ext4_read_block_bitmap(sb, i);
if (bitmap_bh == NULL)
continue;
x = ext4_count_free(bitmap_bh->b_data,
EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) / 8);
printk(KERN_DEBUG "group %u: stored = %d, counted = %u\n",
i, ext4_free_group_clusters(sb, gdp), x);
bitmap_count += x;
}
brelse(bitmap_bh);
printk(KERN_DEBUG "ext4_count_free_clusters: stored = %llu"
", computed = %llu, %llu\n",
EXT4_NUM_B2C(EXT4_SB(sb), ext4_free_blocks_count(es)),
desc_count, bitmap_count);
return bitmap_count;
#else
desc_count = 0;
for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) {
gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, i, NULL);
if (!gdp)
continue;
grp = NULL;
if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_group_info)
grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, i);
if (!grp || !EXT4_MB_GRP_BBITMAP_CORRUPT(grp))
desc_count += ext4_free_group_clusters(sb, gdp);
}
return desc_count;
#endif
}
static inline int test_root(ext4_group_t a, int b)
{
while (1) {
if (a < b)
return 0;
if (a == b)
return 1;
if ((a % b) != 0)
return 0;
a = a / b;
}
}
static int ext4_group_sparse(ext4_group_t group)
{
if (group <= 1)
return 1;
if (!(group & 1))
return 0;
return (test_root(group, 7) || test_root(group, 5) ||
test_root(group, 3));
}
/**
* ext4_bg_has_super - number of blocks used by the superblock in group
* @sb: superblock for filesystem
* @group: group number to check
*
* Return the number of blocks used by the superblock (primary or backup)
* in this group. Currently this will be only 0 or 1.
*/
int ext4_bg_has_super(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group)
{
if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,
EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER) &&
!ext4_group_sparse(group))
return 0;
return 1;
}
static unsigned long ext4_bg_num_gdb_meta(struct super_block *sb,
ext4_group_t group)
{
unsigned long metagroup = group / EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb);
ext4_group_t first = metagroup * EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb);
ext4_group_t last = first + EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb) - 1;
if (group == first || group == first + 1 || group == last)
return 1;
return 0;
}
static unsigned long ext4_bg_num_gdb_nometa(struct super_block *sb,
ext4_group_t group)
{
if (!ext4_bg_has_super(sb, group))
return 0;
if (EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb,EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG))
return le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_first_meta_bg);
else
return EXT4_SB(sb)->s_gdb_count;
}
/**
* ext4_bg_num_gdb - number of blocks used by the group table in group
* @sb: superblock for filesystem
* @group: group number to check
*
* Return the number of blocks used by the group descriptor table
* (primary or backup) in this group. In the future there may be a
* different number of descriptor blocks in each group.
*/
unsigned long ext4_bg_num_gdb(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group)
{
unsigned long first_meta_bg =
le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_first_meta_bg);
unsigned long metagroup = group / EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb);
if (!EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb,EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG) ||
metagroup < first_meta_bg)
return ext4_bg_num_gdb_nometa(sb, group);
return ext4_bg_num_gdb_meta(sb,group);
}
/*
* This function returns the number of file system metadata clusters at
* the beginning of a block group, including the reserved gdt blocks.
*/
static unsigned ext4_num_base_meta_clusters(struct super_block *sb,
ext4_group_t block_group)
{
struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
unsigned num;
/* Check for superblock and gdt backups in this group */
num = ext4_bg_has_super(sb, block_group);
if (!EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG) ||
block_group < le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_first_meta_bg) *
sbi->s_desc_per_block) {
if (num) {
num += ext4_bg_num_gdb(sb, block_group);
num += le16_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks);
}
} else { /* For META_BG_BLOCK_GROUPS */
num += ext4_bg_num_gdb(sb, block_group);
}
return EXT4_NUM_B2C(sbi, num);
}
/**
* ext4_inode_to_goal_block - return a hint for block allocation
* @inode: inode for block allocation
*
* Return the ideal location to start allocating blocks for a
* newly created inode.
*/
ext4_fsblk_t ext4_inode_to_goal_block(struct inode *inode)
{
struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode);
ext4_group_t block_group;
ext4_grpblk_t colour;
int flex_size = ext4_flex_bg_size(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb));
ext4_fsblk_t bg_start;
ext4_fsblk_t last_block;
block_group = ei->i_block_group;
if (flex_size >= EXT4_FLEX_SIZE_DIR_ALLOC_SCHEME) {
/*
* If there are at least EXT4_FLEX_SIZE_DIR_ALLOC_SCHEME
* block groups per flexgroup, reserve the first block
* group for directories and special files. Regular
* files will start at the second block group. This
* tends to speed up directory access and improves
* fsck times.
*/
block_group &= ~(flex_size-1);
if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))
block_group++;
}
bg_start = ext4_group_first_block_no(inode->i_sb, block_group);
last_block = ext4_blocks_count(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_es) - 1;
/*
* If we are doing delayed allocation, we don't need take
* colour into account.
*/
if (test_opt(inode->i_sb, DELALLOC))
return bg_start;
if (bg_start + EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(inode->i_sb) <= last_block)
colour = (current->pid % 16) *
(EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(inode->i_sb) / 16);
else
colour = (current->pid % 16) * ((last_block - bg_start) / 16);
return bg_start + colour;
}