original development tree for Linux kernel GTP module; now long in mainline.
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/* -*- linux-c -*- --------------------------------------------------------- *
*
* linux/fs/devpts/inode.c
*
* Copyright 1998-2004 H. Peter Anvin -- All Rights Reserved
*
* This file is part of the Linux kernel and is made available under
* the terms of the GNU General Public License, version 2, or at your
* option, any later version, incorporated herein by reference.
*
* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- */
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/namei.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/tty.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/magic.h>
#include <linux/idr.h>
#include <linux/devpts_fs.h>
#include <linux/parser.h>
#include <linux/fsnotify.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#define DEVPTS_DEFAULT_MODE 0600
/*
* ptmx is a new node in /dev/pts and will be unused in legacy (single-
* instance) mode. To prevent surprises in user space, set permissions of
* ptmx to 0. Use 'chmod' or remount with '-o ptmxmode' to set meaningful
* permissions.
*/
#define DEVPTS_DEFAULT_PTMX_MODE 0000
#define PTMX_MINOR 2
/*
* sysctl support for setting limits on the number of Unix98 ptys allocated.
* Otherwise one can eat up all kernel memory by opening /dev/ptmx repeatedly.
*/
static int pty_limit = NR_UNIX98_PTY_DEFAULT;
static int pty_reserve = NR_UNIX98_PTY_RESERVE;
static int pty_limit_min;
static int pty_limit_max = INT_MAX;
static int pty_count;
static struct ctl_table pty_table[] = {
{
.procname = "max",
.maxlen = sizeof(int),
.mode = 0644,
.data = &pty_limit,
.proc_handler = proc_dointvec_minmax,
.extra1 = &pty_limit_min,
.extra2 = &pty_limit_max,
}, {
.procname = "reserve",
.maxlen = sizeof(int),
.mode = 0644,
.data = &pty_reserve,
.proc_handler = proc_dointvec_minmax,
.extra1 = &pty_limit_min,
.extra2 = &pty_limit_max,
}, {
.procname = "nr",
.maxlen = sizeof(int),
.mode = 0444,
.data = &pty_count,
.proc_handler = proc_dointvec,
},
{}
};
static struct ctl_table pty_kern_table[] = {
{
.procname = "pty",
.mode = 0555,
.child = pty_table,
},
{}
};
static struct ctl_table pty_root_table[] = {
{
.procname = "kernel",
.mode = 0555,
.child = pty_kern_table,
},
{}
};
static DEFINE_MUTEX(allocated_ptys_lock);
static struct vfsmount *devpts_mnt;
struct pts_mount_opts {
int setuid;
int setgid;
kuid_t uid;
kgid_t gid;
umode_t mode;
umode_t ptmxmode;
int newinstance;
int max;
};
enum {
Opt_uid, Opt_gid, Opt_mode, Opt_ptmxmode, Opt_newinstance, Opt_max,
Opt_err
};
static const match_table_t tokens = {
{Opt_uid, "uid=%u"},
{Opt_gid, "gid=%u"},
{Opt_mode, "mode=%o"},
#ifdef CONFIG_DEVPTS_MULTIPLE_INSTANCES
{Opt_ptmxmode, "ptmxmode=%o"},
{Opt_newinstance, "newinstance"},
{Opt_max, "max=%d"},
#endif
{Opt_err, NULL}
};
struct pts_fs_info {
struct ida allocated_ptys;
struct pts_mount_opts mount_opts;
struct dentry *ptmx_dentry;
};
static inline struct pts_fs_info *DEVPTS_SB(struct super_block *sb)
{
return sb->s_fs_info;
}
static inline struct super_block *pts_sb_from_inode(struct inode *inode)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_DEVPTS_MULTIPLE_INSTANCES
if (inode->i_sb->s_magic == DEVPTS_SUPER_MAGIC)
return inode->i_sb;
#endif
return devpts_mnt->mnt_sb;
}
#define PARSE_MOUNT 0
#define PARSE_REMOUNT 1
/*
* parse_mount_options():
* Set @opts to mount options specified in @data. If an option is not
* specified in @data, set it to its default value. The exception is
* 'newinstance' option which can only be set/cleared on a mount (i.e.
* cannot be changed during remount).
*
* Note: @data may be NULL (in which case all options are set to default).
*/
static int parse_mount_options(char *data, int op, struct pts_mount_opts *opts)
{
char *p;
kuid_t uid;
kgid_t gid;
opts->setuid = 0;
opts->setgid = 0;
opts->uid = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID;
opts->gid = GLOBAL_ROOT_GID;
opts->mode = DEVPTS_DEFAULT_MODE;
opts->ptmxmode = DEVPTS_DEFAULT_PTMX_MODE;
opts->max = NR_UNIX98_PTY_MAX;
/* newinstance makes sense only on initial mount */
if (op == PARSE_MOUNT)
opts->newinstance = 0;
while ((p = strsep(&data, ",")) != NULL) {
substring_t args[MAX_OPT_ARGS];
int token;
int option;
if (!*p)
continue;
token = match_token(p, tokens, args);
switch (token) {
case Opt_uid:
if (match_int(&args[0], &option))
return -EINVAL;
uid = make_kuid(current_user_ns(), option);
if (!uid_valid(uid))
return -EINVAL;
opts->uid = uid;
opts->setuid = 1;
break;
case Opt_gid:
if (match_int(&args[0], &option))
return -EINVAL;
gid = make_kgid(current_user_ns(), option);
if (!gid_valid(gid))
return -EINVAL;
opts->gid = gid;
opts->setgid = 1;
break;
case Opt_mode:
if (match_octal(&args[0], &option))
return -EINVAL;
opts->mode = option & S_IALLUGO;
break;
#ifdef CONFIG_DEVPTS_MULTIPLE_INSTANCES
case Opt_ptmxmode:
if (match_octal(&args[0], &option))
return -EINVAL;
opts->ptmxmode = option & S_IALLUGO;
break;
case Opt_newinstance:
/* newinstance makes sense only on initial mount */
if (op == PARSE_MOUNT)
opts->newinstance = 1;
break;
case Opt_max:
if (match_int(&args[0], &option) ||
option < 0 || option > NR_UNIX98_PTY_MAX)
return -EINVAL;
opts->max = option;
break;
#endif
default:
printk(KERN_ERR "devpts: called with bogus options\n");
return -EINVAL;
}
}
return 0;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_DEVPTS_MULTIPLE_INSTANCES
static int mknod_ptmx(struct super_block *sb)
{
int mode;
int rc = -ENOMEM;
struct dentry *dentry;
struct inode *inode;
struct dentry *root = sb->s_root;
struct pts_fs_info *fsi = DEVPTS_SB(sb);
struct pts_mount_opts *opts = &fsi->mount_opts;
kuid_t root_uid;
kgid_t root_gid;
root_uid = make_kuid(current_user_ns(), 0);
root_gid = make_kgid(current_user_ns(), 0);
if (!uid_valid(root_uid) || !gid_valid(root_gid))
return -EINVAL;
mutex_lock(&root->d_inode->i_mutex);
/* If we have already created ptmx node, return */
if (fsi->ptmx_dentry) {
rc = 0;
goto out;
}
dentry = d_alloc_name(root, "ptmx");
if (!dentry) {
printk(KERN_NOTICE "Unable to alloc dentry for ptmx node\n");
goto out;
}
/*
* Create a new 'ptmx' node in this mount of devpts.
*/
inode = new_inode(sb);
if (!inode) {
printk(KERN_ERR "Unable to alloc inode for ptmx node\n");
dput(dentry);
goto out;
}
inode->i_ino = 2;
inode->i_mtime = inode->i_atime = inode->i_ctime = CURRENT_TIME;
mode = S_IFCHR|opts->ptmxmode;
init_special_inode(inode, mode, MKDEV(TTYAUX_MAJOR, 2));
inode->i_uid = root_uid;
inode->i_gid = root_gid;
d_add(dentry, inode);
fsi->ptmx_dentry = dentry;
rc = 0;
out:
mutex_unlock(&root->d_inode->i_mutex);
return rc;
}
static void update_ptmx_mode(struct pts_fs_info *fsi)
{
struct inode *inode;
if (fsi->ptmx_dentry) {
inode = fsi->ptmx_dentry->d_inode;
inode->i_mode = S_IFCHR|fsi->mount_opts.ptmxmode;
}
}
#else
static inline void update_ptmx_mode(struct pts_fs_info *fsi)
{
return;
}
#endif
static int devpts_remount(struct super_block *sb, int *flags, char *data)
{
int err;
struct pts_fs_info *fsi = DEVPTS_SB(sb);
struct pts_mount_opts *opts = &fsi->mount_opts;
err = parse_mount_options(data, PARSE_REMOUNT, opts);
/*
* parse_mount_options() restores options to default values
* before parsing and may have changed ptmxmode. So, update the
* mode in the inode too. Bogus options don't fail the remount,
* so do this even on error return.
*/
update_ptmx_mode(fsi);
return err;
}
static int devpts_show_options(struct seq_file *seq, struct dentry *root)
{
struct pts_fs_info *fsi = DEVPTS_SB(root->d_sb);
struct pts_mount_opts *opts = &fsi->mount_opts;
if (opts->setuid)
seq_printf(seq, ",uid=%u", from_kuid_munged(&init_user_ns, opts->uid));
if (opts->setgid)
seq_printf(seq, ",gid=%u", from_kgid_munged(&init_user_ns, opts->gid));
seq_printf(seq, ",mode=%03o", opts->mode);
#ifdef CONFIG_DEVPTS_MULTIPLE_INSTANCES
seq_printf(seq, ",ptmxmode=%03o", opts->ptmxmode);
if (opts->max < NR_UNIX98_PTY_MAX)
seq_printf(seq, ",max=%d", opts->max);
#endif
return 0;
}
static const struct super_operations devpts_sops = {
.statfs = simple_statfs,
.remount_fs = devpts_remount,
.show_options = devpts_show_options,
};
static void *new_pts_fs_info(void)
{
struct pts_fs_info *fsi;
fsi = kzalloc(sizeof(struct pts_fs_info), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!fsi)
return NULL;
ida_init(&fsi->allocated_ptys);
fsi->mount_opts.mode = DEVPTS_DEFAULT_MODE;
fsi->mount_opts.ptmxmode = DEVPTS_DEFAULT_PTMX_MODE;
return fsi;
}
static int
devpts_fill_super(struct super_block *s, void *data, int silent)
{
struct inode *inode;
s->s_blocksize = 1024;
s->s_blocksize_bits = 10;
s->s_magic = DEVPTS_SUPER_MAGIC;
s->s_op = &devpts_sops;
s->s_time_gran = 1;
s->s_fs_info = new_pts_fs_info();
if (!s->s_fs_info)
goto fail;
inode = new_inode(s);
if (!inode)
goto fail;
inode->i_ino = 1;
inode->i_mtime = inode->i_atime = inode->i_ctime = CURRENT_TIME;
inode->i_mode = S_IFDIR | S_IRUGO | S_IXUGO | S_IWUSR;
inode->i_op = &simple_dir_inode_operations;
inode->i_fop = &simple_dir_operations;
set_nlink(inode, 2);
s->s_root = d_make_root(inode);
if (s->s_root)
return 0;
printk(KERN_ERR "devpts: get root dentry failed\n");
fail:
return -ENOMEM;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_DEVPTS_MULTIPLE_INSTANCES
static int compare_init_pts_sb(struct super_block *s, void *p)
{
if (devpts_mnt)
return devpts_mnt->mnt_sb == s;
return 0;
}
/*
* devpts_mount()
*
* If the '-o newinstance' mount option was specified, mount a new
* (private) instance of devpts. PTYs created in this instance are
* independent of the PTYs in other devpts instances.
*
* If the '-o newinstance' option was not specified, mount/remount the
* initial kernel mount of devpts. This type of mount gives the
* legacy, single-instance semantics.
*
* The 'newinstance' option is needed to support multiple namespace
* semantics in devpts while preserving backward compatibility of the
* current 'single-namespace' semantics. i.e all mounts of devpts
* without the 'newinstance' mount option should bind to the initial
* kernel mount, like mount_single().
*
* Mounts with 'newinstance' option create a new, private namespace.
*
* NOTE:
*
* For single-mount semantics, devpts cannot use mount_single(),
* because mount_single()/sget() find and use the super-block from
* the most recent mount of devpts. But that recent mount may be a
* 'newinstance' mount and mount_single() would pick the newinstance
* super-block instead of the initial super-block.
*/
static struct dentry *devpts_mount(struct file_system_type *fs_type,
int flags, const char *dev_name, void *data)
{
int error;
struct pts_mount_opts opts;
struct super_block *s;
error = parse_mount_options(data, PARSE_MOUNT, &opts);
if (error)
return ERR_PTR(error);
/* Require newinstance for all user namespace mounts to ensure
* the mount options are not changed.
*/
if ((current_user_ns() != &init_user_ns) && !opts.newinstance)
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
if (opts.newinstance)
s = sget(fs_type, NULL, set_anon_super, flags, NULL);
else
s = sget(fs_type, compare_init_pts_sb, set_anon_super, flags,
NULL);
if (IS_ERR(s))
return ERR_CAST(s);
if (!s->s_root) {
error = devpts_fill_super(s, data, flags & MS_SILENT ? 1 : 0);
if (error)
goto out_undo_sget;
s->s_flags |= MS_ACTIVE;
}
memcpy(&(DEVPTS_SB(s))->mount_opts, &opts, sizeof(opts));
error = mknod_ptmx(s);
if (error)
goto out_undo_sget;
return dget(s->s_root);
out_undo_sget:
deactivate_locked_super(s);
return ERR_PTR(error);
}
#else
/*
* This supports only the legacy single-instance semantics (no
* multiple-instance semantics)
*/
static struct dentry *devpts_mount(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags,
const char *dev_name, void *data)
{
return mount_single(fs_type, flags, data, devpts_fill_super);
}
#endif
static void devpts_kill_sb(struct super_block *sb)
{
struct pts_fs_info *fsi = DEVPTS_SB(sb);
ida_destroy(&fsi->allocated_ptys);
kfree(fsi);
kill_litter_super(sb);
}
static struct file_system_type devpts_fs_type = {
.name = "devpts",
.mount = devpts_mount,
.kill_sb = devpts_kill_sb,
#ifdef CONFIG_DEVPTS_MULTIPLE_INSTANCES
.fs_flags = FS_USERNS_MOUNT | FS_USERNS_DEV_MOUNT,
#endif
};
/*
* The normal naming convention is simply /dev/pts/<number>; this conforms
* to the System V naming convention
*/
int devpts_new_index(struct inode *ptmx_inode)
{
struct super_block *sb = pts_sb_from_inode(ptmx_inode);
struct pts_fs_info *fsi = DEVPTS_SB(sb);
int index;
int ida_ret;
retry:
if (!ida_pre_get(&fsi->allocated_ptys, GFP_KERNEL))
return -ENOMEM;
mutex_lock(&allocated_ptys_lock);
if (pty_count >= pty_limit -
(fsi->mount_opts.newinstance ? pty_reserve : 0)) {
mutex_unlock(&allocated_ptys_lock);
return -ENOSPC;
}
ida_ret = ida_get_new(&fsi->allocated_ptys, &index);
if (ida_ret < 0) {
mutex_unlock(&allocated_ptys_lock);
if (ida_ret == -EAGAIN)
goto retry;
return -EIO;
}
if (index >= fsi->mount_opts.max) {
ida_remove(&fsi->allocated_ptys, index);
mutex_unlock(&allocated_ptys_lock);
return -ENOSPC;
}
pty_count++;
mutex_unlock(&allocated_ptys_lock);
return index;
}
void devpts_kill_index(struct inode *ptmx_inode, int idx)
{
struct super_block *sb = pts_sb_from_inode(ptmx_inode);
struct pts_fs_info *fsi = DEVPTS_SB(sb);
mutex_lock(&allocated_ptys_lock);
ida_remove(&fsi->allocated_ptys, idx);
pty_count--;
mutex_unlock(&allocated_ptys_lock);
}
/**
* devpts_pty_new -- create a new inode in /dev/pts/
* @ptmx_inode: inode of the master
* @device: major+minor of the node to be created
* @index: used as a name of the node
* @priv: what's given back by devpts_get_priv
*
* The created inode is returned. Remove it from /dev/pts/ by devpts_pty_kill.
*/
struct inode *devpts_pty_new(struct inode *ptmx_inode, dev_t device, int index,
void *priv)
{
struct dentry *dentry;
struct super_block *sb = pts_sb_from_inode(ptmx_inode);
struct inode *inode;
struct dentry *root = sb->s_root;
struct pts_fs_info *fsi = DEVPTS_SB(sb);
struct pts_mount_opts *opts = &fsi->mount_opts;
char s[12];
inode = new_inode(sb);
if (!inode)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
inode->i_ino = index + 3;
inode->i_uid = opts->setuid ? opts->uid : current_fsuid();
inode->i_gid = opts->setgid ? opts->gid : current_fsgid();
inode->i_mtime = inode->i_atime = inode->i_ctime = CURRENT_TIME;
init_special_inode(inode, S_IFCHR|opts->mode, device);
inode->i_private = priv;
sprintf(s, "%d", index);
mutex_lock(&root->d_inode->i_mutex);
dentry = d_alloc_name(root, s);
if (dentry) {
d_add(dentry, inode);
fsnotify_create(root->d_inode, dentry);
} else {
iput(inode);
inode = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
}
mutex_unlock(&root->d_inode->i_mutex);
return inode;
}
/**
* devpts_get_priv -- get private data for a slave
* @pts_inode: inode of the slave
*
* Returns whatever was passed as priv in devpts_pty_new for a given inode.
*/
void *devpts_get_priv(struct inode *pts_inode)
{
struct dentry *dentry;
void *priv = NULL;
BUG_ON(pts_inode->i_rdev == MKDEV(TTYAUX_MAJOR, PTMX_MINOR));
/* Ensure dentry has not been deleted by devpts_pty_kill() */
dentry = d_find_alias(pts_inode);
if (!dentry)
return NULL;
if (pts_inode->i_sb->s_magic == DEVPTS_SUPER_MAGIC)
priv = pts_inode->i_private;
dput(dentry);
return priv;
}
/**
* devpts_pty_kill -- remove inode form /dev/pts/
* @inode: inode of the slave to be removed
*
* This is an inverse operation of devpts_pty_new.
*/
void devpts_pty_kill(struct inode *inode)
{
struct super_block *sb = pts_sb_from_inode(inode);
struct dentry *root = sb->s_root;
struct dentry *dentry;
BUG_ON(inode->i_rdev == MKDEV(TTYAUX_MAJOR, PTMX_MINOR));
mutex_lock(&root->d_inode->i_mutex);
dentry = d_find_alias(inode);
drop_nlink(inode);
d_delete(dentry);
dput(dentry); /* d_alloc_name() in devpts_pty_new() */
dput(dentry); /* d_find_alias above */
mutex_unlock(&root->d_inode->i_mutex);
}
static int __init init_devpts_fs(void)
{
int err = register_filesystem(&devpts_fs_type);
struct ctl_table_header *table;
if (!err) {
table = register_sysctl_table(pty_root_table);
devpts_mnt = kern_mount(&devpts_fs_type);
if (IS_ERR(devpts_mnt)) {
err = PTR_ERR(devpts_mnt);
unregister_filesystem(&devpts_fs_type);
unregister_sysctl_table(table);
}
}
return err;
}
module_init(init_devpts_fs)