original development tree for Linux kernel GTP module; now long in mainline.
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/* -*- mode: c; c-basic-offset: 8; -*-
* vim: noexpandtab sw=8 ts=8 sts=0:
*
* file.c - operations for regular (text) files.
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public
* License along with this program; if not, write to the
* Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
* Boston, MA 021110-1307, USA.
*
* Based on sysfs:
* sysfs is Copyright (C) 2001, 2002, 2003 Patrick Mochel
*
* configfs Copyright (C) 2005 Oracle. All rights reserved.
*/
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/configfs.h>
#include "configfs_internal.h"
/*
* A simple attribute can only be 4096 characters. Why 4k? Because the
* original code limited it to PAGE_SIZE. That's a bad idea, though,
* because an attribute of 16k on ia64 won't work on x86. So we limit to
* 4k, our minimum common page size.
*/
#define SIMPLE_ATTR_SIZE 4096
struct configfs_buffer {
size_t count;
loff_t pos;
char * page;
struct configfs_item_operations * ops;
struct mutex mutex;
int needs_read_fill;
};
/**
* fill_read_buffer - allocate and fill buffer from item.
* @dentry: dentry pointer.
* @buffer: data buffer for file.
*
* Allocate @buffer->page, if it hasn't been already, then call the
* config_item's show() method to fill the buffer with this attribute's
* data.
* This is called only once, on the file's first read.
*/
static int fill_read_buffer(struct dentry * dentry, struct configfs_buffer * buffer)
{
struct configfs_attribute * attr = to_attr(dentry);
struct config_item * item = to_item(dentry->d_parent);
struct configfs_item_operations * ops = buffer->ops;
int ret = 0;
ssize_t count;
if (!buffer->page)
buffer->page = (char *) get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL);
if (!buffer->page)
return -ENOMEM;
count = ops->show_attribute(item,attr,buffer->page);
buffer->needs_read_fill = 0;
BUG_ON(count > (ssize_t)SIMPLE_ATTR_SIZE);
if (count >= 0)
buffer->count = count;
else
ret = count;
return ret;
}
/**
* configfs_read_file - read an attribute.
* @file: file pointer.
* @buf: buffer to fill.
* @count: number of bytes to read.
* @ppos: starting offset in file.
*
* Userspace wants to read an attribute file. The attribute descriptor
* is in the file's ->d_fsdata. The target item is in the directory's
* ->d_fsdata.
*
* We call fill_read_buffer() to allocate and fill the buffer from the
* item's show() method exactly once (if the read is happening from
* the beginning of the file). That should fill the entire buffer with
* all the data the item has to offer for that attribute.
* We then call flush_read_buffer() to copy the buffer to userspace
* in the increments specified.
*/
static ssize_t
configfs_read_file(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct configfs_buffer * buffer = file->private_data;
ssize_t retval = 0;
mutex_lock(&buffer->mutex);
if (buffer->needs_read_fill) {
if ((retval = fill_read_buffer(file->f_path.dentry,buffer)))
goto out;
}
pr_debug("%s: count = %zd, ppos = %lld, buf = %s\n",
__func__, count, *ppos, buffer->page);
retval = simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, buffer->page,
buffer->count);
out:
mutex_unlock(&buffer->mutex);
return retval;
}
/**
* fill_write_buffer - copy buffer from userspace.
* @buffer: data buffer for file.
* @buf: data from user.
* @count: number of bytes in @userbuf.
*
* Allocate @buffer->page if it hasn't been already, then
* copy the user-supplied buffer into it.
*/
static int
fill_write_buffer(struct configfs_buffer * buffer, const char __user * buf, size_t count)
{
int error;
if (!buffer->page)
buffer->page = (char *)__get_free_pages(GFP_KERNEL, 0);
if (!buffer->page)
return -ENOMEM;
if (count >= SIMPLE_ATTR_SIZE)
count = SIMPLE_ATTR_SIZE - 1;
error = copy_from_user(buffer->page,buf,count);
buffer->needs_read_fill = 1;
/* if buf is assumed to contain a string, terminate it by \0,
* so e.g. sscanf() can scan the string easily */
buffer->page[count] = 0;
return error ? -EFAULT : count;
}
/**
* flush_write_buffer - push buffer to config_item.
* @dentry: dentry to the attribute
* @buffer: data buffer for file.
* @count: number of bytes
*
* Get the correct pointers for the config_item and the attribute we're
* dealing with, then call the store() method for the attribute,
* passing the buffer that we acquired in fill_write_buffer().
*/
static int
flush_write_buffer(struct dentry * dentry, struct configfs_buffer * buffer, size_t count)
{
struct configfs_attribute * attr = to_attr(dentry);
struct config_item * item = to_item(dentry->d_parent);
struct configfs_item_operations * ops = buffer->ops;
return ops->store_attribute(item,attr,buffer->page,count);
}
/**
* configfs_write_file - write an attribute.
* @file: file pointer
* @buf: data to write
* @count: number of bytes
* @ppos: starting offset
*
* Similar to configfs_read_file(), though working in the opposite direction.
* We allocate and fill the data from the user in fill_write_buffer(),
* then push it to the config_item in flush_write_buffer().
* There is no easy way for us to know if userspace is only doing a partial
* write, so we don't support them. We expect the entire buffer to come
* on the first write.
* Hint: if you're writing a value, first read the file, modify only the
* the value you're changing, then write entire buffer back.
*/
static ssize_t
configfs_write_file(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct configfs_buffer * buffer = file->private_data;
ssize_t len;
mutex_lock(&buffer->mutex);
len = fill_write_buffer(buffer, buf, count);
if (len > 0)
len = flush_write_buffer(file->f_path.dentry, buffer, len);
if (len > 0)
*ppos += len;
mutex_unlock(&buffer->mutex);
return len;
}
static int check_perm(struct inode * inode, struct file * file)
{
struct config_item *item = configfs_get_config_item(file->f_path.dentry->d_parent);
struct configfs_attribute * attr = to_attr(file->f_path.dentry);
struct configfs_buffer * buffer;
struct configfs_item_operations * ops = NULL;
int error = 0;
if (!item || !attr)
goto Einval;
/* Grab the module reference for this attribute if we have one */
if (!try_module_get(attr->ca_owner)) {
error = -ENODEV;
goto Done;
}
if (item->ci_type)
ops = item->ci_type->ct_item_ops;
else
goto Eaccess;
/* File needs write support.
* The inode's perms must say it's ok,
* and we must have a store method.
*/
if (file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) {
if (!(inode->i_mode & S_IWUGO) || !ops->store_attribute)
goto Eaccess;
}
/* File needs read support.
* The inode's perms must say it's ok, and we there
* must be a show method for it.
*/
if (file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) {
if (!(inode->i_mode & S_IRUGO) || !ops->show_attribute)
goto Eaccess;
}
/* No error? Great, allocate a buffer for the file, and store it
* it in file->private_data for easy access.
*/
buffer = kzalloc(sizeof(struct configfs_buffer),GFP_KERNEL);
if (!buffer) {
error = -ENOMEM;
goto Enomem;
}
mutex_init(&buffer->mutex);
buffer->needs_read_fill = 1;
buffer->ops = ops;
file->private_data = buffer;
goto Done;
Einval:
error = -EINVAL;
goto Done;
Eaccess:
error = -EACCES;
Enomem:
module_put(attr->ca_owner);
Done:
if (error && item)
config_item_put(item);
return error;
}
static int configfs_open_file(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp)
{
return check_perm(inode,filp);
}
static int configfs_release(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp)
{
struct config_item * item = to_item(filp->f_path.dentry->d_parent);
struct configfs_attribute * attr = to_attr(filp->f_path.dentry);
struct module * owner = attr->ca_owner;
struct configfs_buffer * buffer = filp->private_data;
if (item)
config_item_put(item);
/* After this point, attr should not be accessed. */
module_put(owner);
if (buffer) {
if (buffer->page)
free_page((unsigned long)buffer->page);
mutex_destroy(&buffer->mutex);
kfree(buffer);
}
return 0;
}
const struct file_operations configfs_file_operations = {
.read = configfs_read_file,
.write = configfs_write_file,
.llseek = generic_file_llseek,
.open = configfs_open_file,
.release = configfs_release,
};
int configfs_add_file(struct dentry * dir, const struct configfs_attribute * attr, int type)
{
struct configfs_dirent * parent_sd = dir->d_fsdata;
umode_t mode = (attr->ca_mode & S_IALLUGO) | S_IFREG;
int error = 0;
mutex_lock_nested(&dir->d_inode->i_mutex, I_MUTEX_NORMAL);
error = configfs_make_dirent(parent_sd, NULL, (void *) attr, mode, type);
mutex_unlock(&dir->d_inode->i_mutex);
return error;
}
/**
* configfs_create_file - create an attribute file for an item.
* @item: item we're creating for.
* @attr: atrribute descriptor.
*/
int configfs_create_file(struct config_item * item, const struct configfs_attribute * attr)
{
BUG_ON(!item || !item->ci_dentry || !attr);
return configfs_add_file(item->ci_dentry, attr,
CONFIGFS_ITEM_ATTR);
}