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kmsg: honor dmesg_restrict sysctl on /dev/kmsg

The dmesg_restrict sysctl currently covers the syslog method for access
dmesg, however /dev/kmsg isn't covered by the same protections.  Most
people haven't noticed because util-linux dmesg(1) defaults to using the
syslog method for access in older versions.  With util-linux dmesg(1)
defaults to reading directly from /dev/kmsg.

To fix /dev/kmsg, let's compare the existing interfaces and what they
allow:

 - /proc/kmsg allows:
  - open (SYSLOG_ACTION_OPEN) if CAP_SYSLOG since it uses a destructive
    single-reader interface (SYSLOG_ACTION_READ).
  - everything, after an open.

 - syslog syscall allows:
  - anything, if CAP_SYSLOG.
  - SYSLOG_ACTION_READ_ALL and SYSLOG_ACTION_SIZE_BUFFER, if
    dmesg_restrict==0.
  - nothing else (EPERM).

The use-cases were:
 - dmesg(1) needs to do non-destructive SYSLOG_ACTION_READ_ALLs.
 - sysklog(1) needs to open /proc/kmsg, drop privs, and still issue the
   destructive SYSLOG_ACTION_READs.

AIUI, dmesg(1) is moving to /dev/kmsg, and systemd-journald doesn't
clear the ring buffer.

Based on the comments in devkmsg_llseek, it sounds like actions besides
reading aren't going to be supported by /dev/kmsg (i.e.
SYSLOG_ACTION_CLEAR), so we have a strict subset of the non-destructive
syslog syscall actions.

To this end, move the check as Josh had done, but also rename the
constants to reflect their new uses (SYSLOG_FROM_CALL becomes
SYSLOG_FROM_READER, and SYSLOG_FROM_FILE becomes SYSLOG_FROM_PROC).
SYSLOG_FROM_READER allows non-destructive actions, and SYSLOG_FROM_PROC
allows destructive actions after a capabilities-constrained
SYSLOG_ACTION_OPEN check.

 - /dev/kmsg allows:
  - open if CAP_SYSLOG or dmesg_restrict==0
  - reading/polling, after open

Addresses https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=903192

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: use pr_warn_once()]
Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Reported-by: Christian Kujau <lists@nerdbynature.de>
Tested-by: Josh Boyer <jwboyer@redhat.com>
Cc: Kay Sievers <kay@vrfy.org>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
master
Kees Cook 8 years ago
committed by Linus Torvalds
parent
commit
637241a900
  1. 10
      fs/proc/kmsg.c
  2. 4
      include/linux/syslog.h
  3. 91
      kernel/printk.c

10
fs/proc/kmsg.c

@ -21,12 +21,12 @@ extern wait_queue_head_t log_wait;
static int kmsg_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * file)
{
return do_syslog(SYSLOG_ACTION_OPEN, NULL, 0, SYSLOG_FROM_FILE);
return do_syslog(SYSLOG_ACTION_OPEN, NULL, 0, SYSLOG_FROM_PROC);
}
static int kmsg_release(struct inode * inode, struct file * file)
{
(void) do_syslog(SYSLOG_ACTION_CLOSE, NULL, 0, SYSLOG_FROM_FILE);
(void) do_syslog(SYSLOG_ACTION_CLOSE, NULL, 0, SYSLOG_FROM_PROC);
return 0;
}
@ -34,15 +34,15 @@ static ssize_t kmsg_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
if ((file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK) &&
!do_syslog(SYSLOG_ACTION_SIZE_UNREAD, NULL, 0, SYSLOG_FROM_FILE))
!do_syslog(SYSLOG_ACTION_SIZE_UNREAD, NULL, 0, SYSLOG_FROM_PROC))
return -EAGAIN;
return do_syslog(SYSLOG_ACTION_READ, buf, count, SYSLOG_FROM_FILE);
return do_syslog(SYSLOG_ACTION_READ, buf, count, SYSLOG_FROM_PROC);
}
static unsigned int kmsg_poll(struct file *file, poll_table *wait)
{
poll_wait(file, &log_wait, wait);
if (do_syslog(SYSLOG_ACTION_SIZE_UNREAD, NULL, 0, SYSLOG_FROM_FILE))
if (do_syslog(SYSLOG_ACTION_SIZE_UNREAD, NULL, 0, SYSLOG_FROM_PROC))
return POLLIN | POLLRDNORM;
return 0;
}

4
include/linux/syslog.h

@ -44,8 +44,8 @@
/* Return size of the log buffer */
#define SYSLOG_ACTION_SIZE_BUFFER 10
#define SYSLOG_FROM_CALL 0
#define SYSLOG_FROM_FILE 1
#define SYSLOG_FROM_READER 0
#define SYSLOG_FROM_PROC 1
int do_syslog(int type, char __user *buf, int count, bool from_file);

91
kernel/printk.c

@ -363,6 +363,53 @@ static void log_store(int facility, int level,
log_next_seq++;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_DMESG_RESTRICT
int dmesg_restrict = 1;
#else
int dmesg_restrict;
#endif
static int syslog_action_restricted(int type)
{
if (dmesg_restrict)
return 1;
/*
* Unless restricted, we allow "read all" and "get buffer size"
* for everybody.
*/
return type != SYSLOG_ACTION_READ_ALL &&
type != SYSLOG_ACTION_SIZE_BUFFER;
}
static int check_syslog_permissions(int type, bool from_file)
{
/*
* If this is from /proc/kmsg and we've already opened it, then we've
* already done the capabilities checks at open time.
*/
if (from_file && type != SYSLOG_ACTION_OPEN)
return 0;
if (syslog_action_restricted(type)) {
if (capable(CAP_SYSLOG))
return 0;
/*
* For historical reasons, accept CAP_SYS_ADMIN too, with
* a warning.
*/
if (capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) {
pr_warn_once("%s (%d): Attempt to access syslog with "
"CAP_SYS_ADMIN but no CAP_SYSLOG "
"(deprecated).\n",
current->comm, task_pid_nr(current));
return 0;
}
return -EPERM;
}
return security_syslog(type);
}
/* /dev/kmsg - userspace message inject/listen interface */
struct devkmsg_user {
u64 seq;
@ -620,7 +667,8 @@ static int devkmsg_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
if ((file->f_flags & O_ACCMODE) == O_WRONLY)
return 0;
err = security_syslog(SYSLOG_ACTION_READ_ALL);
err = check_syslog_permissions(SYSLOG_ACTION_READ_ALL,
SYSLOG_FROM_READER);
if (err)
return err;
@ -813,45 +861,6 @@ static inline void boot_delay_msec(int level)
}
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_DMESG_RESTRICT
int dmesg_restrict = 1;
#else
int dmesg_restrict;
#endif
static int syslog_action_restricted(int type)
{
if (dmesg_restrict)
return 1;
/* Unless restricted, we allow "read all" and "get buffer size" for everybody */
return type != SYSLOG_ACTION_READ_ALL && type != SYSLOG_ACTION_SIZE_BUFFER;
}
static int check_syslog_permissions(int type, bool from_file)
{
/*
* If this is from /proc/kmsg and we've already opened it, then we've
* already done the capabilities checks at open time.
*/
if (from_file && type != SYSLOG_ACTION_OPEN)
return 0;
if (syslog_action_restricted(type)) {
if (capable(CAP_SYSLOG))
return 0;
/* For historical reasons, accept CAP_SYS_ADMIN too, with a warning */
if (capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) {
printk_once(KERN_WARNING "%s (%d): "
"Attempt to access syslog with CAP_SYS_ADMIN "
"but no CAP_SYSLOG (deprecated).\n",
current->comm, task_pid_nr(current));
return 0;
}
return -EPERM;
}
return 0;
}
#if defined(CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME)
static bool printk_time = 1;
#else
@ -1249,7 +1258,7 @@ out:
SYSCALL_DEFINE3(syslog, int, type, char __user *, buf, int, len)
{
return do_syslog(type, buf, len, SYSLOG_FROM_CALL);
return do_syslog(type, buf, len, SYSLOG_FROM_READER);
}
/*

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