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xfs: track AGs with reclaimable inodes in per-ag radix tree

https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=16348

When the filesystem grows to a large number of allocation groups,
the summing of recalimable inodes gets expensive. In many cases,
most AGs won't have any reclaimable inodes and so we are wasting CPU
time aggregating over these AGs. This is particularly important for
the inode shrinker that gets called frequently under memory
pressure.

To avoid the overhead, track AGs with reclaimable inodes in the
per-ag radix tree so that we can find all the AGs with reclaimable
inodes via a simple gang tag lookup. This involves setting the tag
when the first reclaimable inode is tracked in the AG, and removing
the tag when the last reclaimable inode is removed from the tree.
Then the summation process becomes a loop walking the radix tree
summing AGs with the reclaim tag set.

This significantly reduces the overhead of scanning - a 6400 AG
filesystea now only uses about 25% of a cpu in kswapd while slab
reclaim progresses instead of being permanently stuck at 100% CPU
and making little progress. Clean filesystems filesystems will see
no overhead and the overhead only increases linearly with the number
of dirty AGs.

Signed-off-by: Dave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
master
Dave Chinner 12 years ago committed by Dave Chinner
parent
commit
16fd536737
  1. 71
      fs/xfs/linux-2.6/xfs_sync.c
  2. 3
      fs/xfs/linux-2.6/xfs_trace.h

71
fs/xfs/linux-2.6/xfs_sync.c

@ -144,6 +144,41 @@ restart: @@ -144,6 +144,41 @@ restart:
return last_error;
}
/*
* Select the next per-ag structure to iterate during the walk. The reclaim
* walk is optimised only to walk AGs with reclaimable inodes in them.
*/
static struct xfs_perag *
xfs_inode_ag_iter_next_pag(
struct xfs_mount *mp,
xfs_agnumber_t *first,
int tag)
{
struct xfs_perag *pag = NULL;
if (tag == XFS_ICI_RECLAIM_TAG) {
int found;
int ref;
spin_lock(&mp->m_perag_lock);
found = radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag(&mp->m_perag_tree,
(void **)&pag, *first, 1, tag);
if (found <= 0) {
spin_unlock(&mp->m_perag_lock);
return NULL;
}
*first = pag->pag_agno + 1;
/* open coded pag reference increment */
ref = atomic_inc_return(&pag->pag_ref);
spin_unlock(&mp->m_perag_lock);
trace_xfs_perag_get_reclaim(mp, pag->pag_agno, ref, _RET_IP_);
} else {
pag = xfs_perag_get(mp, *first);
(*first)++;
}
return pag;
}
int
xfs_inode_ag_iterator(
struct xfs_mount *mp,
@ -154,16 +189,15 @@ xfs_inode_ag_iterator( @@ -154,16 +189,15 @@ xfs_inode_ag_iterator(
int exclusive,
int *nr_to_scan)
{
struct xfs_perag *pag;
int error = 0;
int last_error = 0;
xfs_agnumber_t ag;
int nr;
nr = nr_to_scan ? *nr_to_scan : INT_MAX;
for (ag = 0; ag < mp->m_sb.sb_agcount; ag++) {
struct xfs_perag *pag;
pag = xfs_perag_get(mp, ag);
ag = 0;
while ((pag = xfs_inode_ag_iter_next_pag(mp, &ag, tag))) {
error = xfs_inode_ag_walk(mp, pag, execute, flags, tag,
exclusive, &nr);
xfs_perag_put(pag);
@ -640,6 +674,17 @@ __xfs_inode_set_reclaim_tag( @@ -640,6 +674,17 @@ __xfs_inode_set_reclaim_tag(
radix_tree_tag_set(&pag->pag_ici_root,
XFS_INO_TO_AGINO(ip->i_mount, ip->i_ino),
XFS_ICI_RECLAIM_TAG);
if (!pag->pag_ici_reclaimable) {
/* propagate the reclaim tag up into the perag radix tree */
spin_lock(&ip->i_mount->m_perag_lock);
radix_tree_tag_set(&ip->i_mount->m_perag_tree,
XFS_INO_TO_AGNO(ip->i_mount, ip->i_ino),
XFS_ICI_RECLAIM_TAG);
spin_unlock(&ip->i_mount->m_perag_lock);
trace_xfs_perag_set_reclaim(ip->i_mount, pag->pag_agno,
-1, _RET_IP_);
}
pag->pag_ici_reclaimable++;
}
@ -674,6 +719,16 @@ __xfs_inode_clear_reclaim_tag( @@ -674,6 +719,16 @@ __xfs_inode_clear_reclaim_tag(
radix_tree_tag_clear(&pag->pag_ici_root,
XFS_INO_TO_AGINO(mp, ip->i_ino), XFS_ICI_RECLAIM_TAG);
pag->pag_ici_reclaimable--;
if (!pag->pag_ici_reclaimable) {
/* clear the reclaim tag from the perag radix tree */
spin_lock(&ip->i_mount->m_perag_lock);
radix_tree_tag_clear(&ip->i_mount->m_perag_tree,
XFS_INO_TO_AGNO(ip->i_mount, ip->i_ino),
XFS_ICI_RECLAIM_TAG);
spin_unlock(&ip->i_mount->m_perag_lock);
trace_xfs_perag_clear_reclaim(ip->i_mount, pag->pag_agno,
-1, _RET_IP_);
}
}
/*
@ -838,7 +893,7 @@ xfs_reclaim_inode_shrink( @@ -838,7 +893,7 @@ xfs_reclaim_inode_shrink(
struct xfs_mount *mp;
struct xfs_perag *pag;
xfs_agnumber_t ag;
int reclaimable = 0;
int reclaimable;
mp = container_of(shrink, struct xfs_mount, m_inode_shrink);
if (nr_to_scan) {
@ -852,8 +907,10 @@ xfs_reclaim_inode_shrink( @@ -852,8 +907,10 @@ xfs_reclaim_inode_shrink(
return -1;
}
for (ag = 0; ag < mp->m_sb.sb_agcount; ag++) {
pag = xfs_perag_get(mp, ag);
reclaimable = 0;
ag = 0;
while ((pag = xfs_inode_ag_iter_next_pag(mp, &ag,
XFS_ICI_RECLAIM_TAG))) {
reclaimable += pag->pag_ici_reclaimable;
xfs_perag_put(pag);
}

3
fs/xfs/linux-2.6/xfs_trace.h

@ -124,7 +124,10 @@ DEFINE_EVENT(xfs_perag_class, name, \ @@ -124,7 +124,10 @@ DEFINE_EVENT(xfs_perag_class, name, \
unsigned long caller_ip), \
TP_ARGS(mp, agno, refcount, caller_ip))
DEFINE_PERAG_REF_EVENT(xfs_perag_get);
DEFINE_PERAG_REF_EVENT(xfs_perag_get_reclaim);
DEFINE_PERAG_REF_EVENT(xfs_perag_put);
DEFINE_PERAG_REF_EVENT(xfs_perag_set_reclaim);
DEFINE_PERAG_REF_EVENT(xfs_perag_clear_reclaim);
TRACE_EVENT(xfs_attr_list_node_descend,
TP_PROTO(struct xfs_attr_list_context *ctx,

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