Browse Source

mm: activate !PageLRU pages on mark_page_accessed if page is on local pagevec

If a page is on a pagevec then it is !PageLRU and mark_page_accessed()
may fail to move a page to the active list as expected.  Now that the
LRU is selected at LRU drain time, mark pages PageActive if they are on
the local pagevec so it gets moved to the correct list at LRU drain
time.  Using a debugging patch it was found that for a simple git
checkout based workload that pages were never added to the active file
list in practice but with this patch applied they are.

				before   after
LRU Add Active File                  0      750583
LRU Add Active Anon            2640587     2702818
LRU Add Inactive File          8833662     8068353
LRU Add Inactive Anon              207         200

Note that only pages on the local pagevec are considered on purpose.  A
!PageLRU page could be in the process of being released, reclaimed,
migrated or on a remote pagevec that is currently being drained.
Marking it PageActive is vunerable to races where PageLRU and Active
bits are checked at the wrong time.  Page reclaim will trigger
VM_BUG_ONs but depending on when the race hits, it could also free a
PageActive page to the page allocator and trigger a bad_page warning.
Similarly a potential race exists between a per-cpu drain on a pagevec
list and an activation on a remote CPU.

				  lru = page_lru(page);
  if (PageLRU(page))
				  add_page_to_lru_list(page, lruvec, lru);

In this case a PageActive page is added to the inactivate list and later
the inactive/active stats will get skewed.  While the PageActive checks
in vmscan could be removed and potentially dealt with, a skew in the
statistics would be very difficult to detect.  Hence this patch deals
just with the common case where a page being marked accessed has just
been added to the local pagevec.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <>
Cc: Jan Kara <>
Cc: Rik van Riel <>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <>
Cc: Alexey Lyahkov <>
Cc: Andrew Perepechko <>
Cc: Robin Dong <>
Cc: Theodore Tso <>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <>
Cc: Rik van Riel <>
Cc: Bernd Schubert <>
Cc: David Howells <>
Cc: Trond Myklebust <>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
Mel Gorman 8 years ago
committed by Linus Torvalds
  1. 41


@ -432,6 +432,33 @@ void activate_page(struct page *page)
static void __lru_cache_activate_page(struct page *page)
struct pagevec *pvec = &get_cpu_var(lru_add_pvec);
int i;
* Search backwards on the optimistic assumption that the page being
* activated has just been added to this pagevec. Note that only
* the local pagevec is examined as a !PageLRU page could be in the
* process of being released, reclaimed, migrated or on a remote
* pagevec that is currently being drained. Furthermore, marking
* a remote pagevec's page PageActive potentially hits a race where
* a page is marked PageActive just after it is added to the inactive
* list causing accounting errors and BUG_ON checks to trigger.
for (i = pagevec_count(pvec) - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
struct page *pagevec_page = pvec->pages[i];
if (pagevec_page == page) {
* Mark a page as having seen activity.
@ -442,8 +469,18 @@ void activate_page(struct page *page)
void mark_page_accessed(struct page *page)
if (!PageActive(page) && !PageUnevictable(page) &&
PageReferenced(page) && PageLRU(page)) {
PageReferenced(page)) {
* If the page is on the LRU, queue it for activation via
* activate_page_pvecs. Otherwise, assume the page is on a
* pagevec, mark it active and it'll be moved to the active
* LRU on the next drain.
if (PageLRU(page))
} else if (!PageReferenced(page)) {