original development tree for Linux kernel GTP module; now long in mainline.
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linux-gtp/arch/powerpc/include/asm/pgtable-ppc32.h

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#ifndef _ASM_POWERPC_PGTABLE_PPC32_H
#define _ASM_POWERPC_PGTABLE_PPC32_H
#include <asm-generic/pgtable-nopmd.h>
#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/threads.h>
#include <asm/io.h> /* For sub-arch specific PPC_PIN_SIZE */
extern unsigned long va_to_phys(unsigned long address);
extern pte_t *va_to_pte(unsigned long address);
extern unsigned long ioremap_bot;
#ifdef CONFIG_44x
extern int icache_44x_need_flush;
#endif
#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
/*
* The normal case is that PTEs are 32-bits and we have a 1-page
* 1024-entry pgdir pointing to 1-page 1024-entry PTE pages. -- paulus
*
* For any >32-bit physical address platform, we can use the following
* two level page table layout where the pgdir is 8KB and the MS 13 bits
* are an index to the second level table. The combined pgdir/pmd first
* level has 2048 entries and the second level has 512 64-bit PTE entries.
* -Matt
*/
/* PGDIR_SHIFT determines what a top-level page table entry can map */
#define PGDIR_SHIFT (PAGE_SHIFT + PTE_SHIFT)
#define PGDIR_SIZE (1UL << PGDIR_SHIFT)
#define PGDIR_MASK (~(PGDIR_SIZE-1))
/*
* entries per page directory level: our page-table tree is two-level, so
* we don't really have any PMD directory.
*/
#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
#define PTE_TABLE_SIZE (sizeof(pte_t) << PTE_SHIFT)
#define PGD_TABLE_SIZE (sizeof(pgd_t) << (32 - PGDIR_SHIFT))
#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
#define PTRS_PER_PTE (1 << PTE_SHIFT)
#define PTRS_PER_PMD 1
#define PTRS_PER_PGD (1 << (32 - PGDIR_SHIFT))
#define USER_PTRS_PER_PGD (TASK_SIZE / PGDIR_SIZE)
#define FIRST_USER_ADDRESS 0
#define pte_ERROR(e) \
printk("%s:%d: bad pte %llx.\n", __FILE__, __LINE__, \
(unsigned long long)pte_val(e))
#define pgd_ERROR(e) \
printk("%s:%d: bad pgd %08lx.\n", __FILE__, __LINE__, pgd_val(e))
/*
* This is the bottom of the PKMAP area with HIGHMEM or an arbitrary
* value (for now) on others, from where we can start layout kernel
* virtual space that goes below PKMAP and FIXMAP
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM
#define KVIRT_TOP PKMAP_BASE
#else
#define KVIRT_TOP (0xfe000000UL) /* for now, could be FIXMAP_BASE ? */
#endif
/*
* ioremap_bot starts at that address. Early ioremaps move down from there,
* until mem_init() at which point this becomes the top of the vmalloc
* and ioremap space
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_NOT_COHERENT_CACHE
#define IOREMAP_TOP ((KVIRT_TOP - CONFIG_CONSISTENT_SIZE) & PAGE_MASK)
#else
#define IOREMAP_TOP KVIRT_TOP
#endif
/*
* Just any arbitrary offset to the start of the vmalloc VM area: the
* current 16MB value just means that there will be a 64MB "hole" after the
* physical memory until the kernel virtual memory starts. That means that
* any out-of-bounds memory accesses will hopefully be caught.
* The vmalloc() routines leaves a hole of 4kB between each vmalloced
* area for the same reason. ;)
*
* We no longer map larger than phys RAM with the BATs so we don't have
* to worry about the VMALLOC_OFFSET causing problems. We do have to worry
* about clashes between our early calls to ioremap() that start growing down
* from ioremap_base being run into the VM area allocations (growing upwards
* from VMALLOC_START). For this reason we have ioremap_bot to check when
* we actually run into our mappings setup in the early boot with the VM
* system. This really does become a problem for machines with good amounts
* of RAM. -- Cort
*/
#define VMALLOC_OFFSET (0x1000000) /* 16M */
#ifdef PPC_PIN_SIZE
#define VMALLOC_START (((_ALIGN((long)high_memory, PPC_PIN_SIZE) + VMALLOC_OFFSET) & ~(VMALLOC_OFFSET-1)))
#else
#define VMALLOC_START ((((long)high_memory + VMALLOC_OFFSET) & ~(VMALLOC_OFFSET-1)))
#endif
#define VMALLOC_END ioremap_bot
/*
* Bits in a linux-style PTE. These match the bits in the
* (hardware-defined) PowerPC PTE as closely as possible.
*/
#if defined(CONFIG_40x)
#include <asm/pte-40x.h>
#elif defined(CONFIG_44x)
#include <asm/pte-44x.h>
#elif defined(CONFIG_FSL_BOOKE) && defined(CONFIG_PTE_64BIT)
#include <asm/pte-book3e.h>
#elif defined(CONFIG_FSL_BOOKE)
#include <asm/pte-fsl-booke.h>
#elif defined(CONFIG_8xx)
#include <asm/pte-8xx.h>
#else /* CONFIG_6xx */
#include <asm/pte-hash32.h>
#endif
/* And here we include common definitions */
#include <asm/pte-common.h>
#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
#define pte_clear(mm, addr, ptep) \
do { pte_update(ptep, ~_PAGE_HASHPTE, 0); } while (0)
#define pmd_none(pmd) (!pmd_val(pmd))
#define pmd_bad(pmd) (pmd_val(pmd) & _PMD_BAD)
#define pmd_present(pmd) (pmd_val(pmd) & _PMD_PRESENT_MASK)
#define pmd_clear(pmdp) do { pmd_val(*(pmdp)) = 0; } while (0)
/*
* When flushing the tlb entry for a page, we also need to flush the hash
* table entry. flush_hash_pages is assembler (for speed) in hashtable.S.
*/
extern int flush_hash_pages(unsigned context, unsigned long va,
unsigned long pmdval, int count);
/* Add an HPTE to the hash table */
extern void add_hash_page(unsigned context, unsigned long va,
unsigned long pmdval);
/* Flush an entry from the TLB/hash table */
extern void flush_hash_entry(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *ptep,
unsigned long address);
/*
* PTE updates. This function is called whenever an existing
* valid PTE is updated. This does -not- include set_pte_at()
* which nowadays only sets a new PTE.
*
* Depending on the type of MMU, we may need to use atomic updates
* and the PTE may be either 32 or 64 bit wide. In the later case,
* when using atomic updates, only the low part of the PTE is
* accessed atomically.
*
* In addition, on 44x, we also maintain a global flag indicating
* that an executable user mapping was modified, which is needed
* to properly flush the virtually tagged instruction cache of
* those implementations.
*/
#ifndef CONFIG_PTE_64BIT
static inline unsigned long pte_update(pte_t *p,
unsigned long clr,
unsigned long set)
{
#ifdef PTE_ATOMIC_UPDATES
unsigned long old, tmp;
__asm__ __volatile__("\
1: lwarx %0,0,%3\n\
andc %1,%0,%4\n\
or %1,%1,%5\n"
PPC405_ERR77(0,%3)
" stwcx. %1,0,%3\n\
bne- 1b"
: "=&r" (old), "=&r" (tmp), "=m" (*p)
: "r" (p), "r" (clr), "r" (set), "m" (*p)
: "cc" );
#else /* PTE_ATOMIC_UPDATES */
unsigned long old = pte_val(*p);
*p = __pte((old & ~clr) | set);
#endif /* !PTE_ATOMIC_UPDATES */
#ifdef CONFIG_44x
if ((old & _PAGE_USER) && (old & _PAGE_EXEC))
icache_44x_need_flush = 1;
#endif
return old;
}
#else /* CONFIG_PTE_64BIT */
static inline unsigned long long pte_update(pte_t *p,
unsigned long clr,
unsigned long set)
{
#ifdef PTE_ATOMIC_UPDATES
unsigned long long old;
unsigned long tmp;
__asm__ __volatile__("\
1: lwarx %L0,0,%4\n\
lwzx %0,0,%3\n\
andc %1,%L0,%5\n\
or %1,%1,%6\n"
PPC405_ERR77(0,%3)
" stwcx. %1,0,%4\n\
bne- 1b"
: "=&r" (old), "=&r" (tmp), "=m" (*p)
: "r" (p), "r" ((unsigned long)(p) + 4), "r" (clr), "r" (set), "m" (*p)
: "cc" );
#else /* PTE_ATOMIC_UPDATES */
unsigned long long old = pte_val(*p);
*p = __pte((old & ~(unsigned long long)clr) | set);
#endif /* !PTE_ATOMIC_UPDATES */
#ifdef CONFIG_44x
if ((old & _PAGE_USER) && (old & _PAGE_EXEC))
icache_44x_need_flush = 1;
#endif
return old;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_PTE_64BIT */
/*
* 2.6 calls this without flushing the TLB entry; this is wrong
* for our hash-based implementation, we fix that up here.
*/
#define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG
static inline int __ptep_test_and_clear_young(unsigned int context, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep)
{
unsigned long old;
old = pte_update(ptep, _PAGE_ACCESSED, 0);
#if _PAGE_HASHPTE != 0
if (old & _PAGE_HASHPTE) {
unsigned long ptephys = __pa(ptep) & PAGE_MASK;
flush_hash_pages(context, addr, ptephys, 1);
}
#endif
return (old & _PAGE_ACCESSED) != 0;
}
#define ptep_test_and_clear_young(__vma, __addr, __ptep) \
__ptep_test_and_clear_young((__vma)->vm_mm->context.id, __addr, __ptep)
#define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET_AND_CLEAR
static inline pte_t ptep_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr,
pte_t *ptep)
{
return __pte(pte_update(ptep, ~_PAGE_HASHPTE, 0));
}
#define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_SET_WRPROTECT
static inline void ptep_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr,
pte_t *ptep)
{
pte_update(ptep, (_PAGE_RW | _PAGE_HWWRITE), 0);
}
static inline void huge_ptep_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm,
unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep)
{
ptep_set_wrprotect(mm, addr, ptep);
}
powerpc/mm: Rework I$/D$ coherency (v3) This patch reworks the way we do I and D cache coherency on PowerPC. The "old" way was split in 3 different parts depending on the processor type: - Hash with per-page exec support (64-bit and >= POWER4 only) does it at hashing time, by preventing exec on unclean pages and cleaning pages on exec faults. - Everything without per-page exec support (32-bit hash, 8xx, and 64-bit < POWER4) does it for all page going to user space in update_mmu_cache(). - Embedded with per-page exec support does it from do_page_fault() on exec faults, in a way similar to what the hash code does. That leads to confusion, and bugs. For example, the method using update_mmu_cache() is racy on SMP where another processor can see the new PTE and hash it in before we have cleaned the cache, and then blow trying to execute. This is hard to hit but I think it has bitten us in the past. Also, it's inefficient for embedded where we always end up having to do at least one more page fault. This reworks the whole thing by moving the cache sync into two main call sites, though we keep different behaviours depending on the HW capability. The call sites are set_pte_at() which is now made out of line, and ptep_set_access_flags() which joins the former in pgtable.c The base idea for Embedded with per-page exec support, is that we now do the flush at set_pte_at() time when coming from an exec fault, which allows us to avoid the double fault problem completely (we can even improve the situation more by implementing TLB preload in update_mmu_cache() but that's for later). If for some reason we didn't do it there and we try to execute, we'll hit the page fault, which will do a minor fault, which will hit ptep_set_access_flags() to do things like update _PAGE_ACCESSED or _PAGE_DIRTY if needed, we just make this guys also perform the I/D cache sync for exec faults now. This second path is the catch all for things that weren't cleaned at set_pte_at() time. For cpus without per-pag exec support, we always do the sync at set_pte_at(), thus guaranteeing that when the PTE is visible to other processors, the cache is clean. For the 64-bit hash with per-page exec support case, we keep the old mechanism for now. I'll look into changing it later, once I've reworked a bit how we use _PAGE_EXEC. This is also a first step for adding _PAGE_EXEC support for embedded platforms Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
14 years ago
static inline void __ptep_set_access_flags(pte_t *ptep, pte_t entry)
{
unsigned long bits = pte_val(entry) &
(_PAGE_DIRTY | _PAGE_ACCESSED | _PAGE_RW | _PAGE_EXEC);
pte_update(ptep, 0, bits);
}
#define __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SAME
#define pte_same(A,B) (((pte_val(A) ^ pte_val(B)) & ~_PAGE_HASHPTE) == 0)
/*
* Note that on Book E processors, the pmd contains the kernel virtual
* (lowmem) address of the pte page. The physical address is less useful
* because everything runs with translation enabled (even the TLB miss
* handler). On everything else the pmd contains the physical address
* of the pte page. -- paulus
*/
#ifndef CONFIG_BOOKE
#define pmd_page_vaddr(pmd) \
((unsigned long) __va(pmd_val(pmd) & PAGE_MASK))
#define pmd_page(pmd) \
pfn_to_page(pmd_val(pmd) >> PAGE_SHIFT)
#else
#define pmd_page_vaddr(pmd) \
((unsigned long) (pmd_val(pmd) & PAGE_MASK))
#define pmd_page(pmd) \
pfn_to_page((__pa(pmd_val(pmd)) >> PAGE_SHIFT))
#endif
/* to find an entry in a kernel page-table-directory */
#define pgd_offset_k(address) pgd_offset(&init_mm, address)
/* to find an entry in a page-table-directory */
#define pgd_index(address) ((address) >> PGDIR_SHIFT)
#define pgd_offset(mm, address) ((mm)->pgd + pgd_index(address))
/* Find an entry in the third-level page table.. */
#define pte_index(address) \
(((address) >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1))
#define pte_offset_kernel(dir, addr) \
((pte_t *) pmd_page_vaddr(*(dir)) + pte_index(addr))
#define pte_offset_map(dir, addr) \
((pte_t *) kmap_atomic(pmd_page(*(dir)), KM_PTE0) + pte_index(addr))
#define pte_offset_map_nested(dir, addr) \
((pte_t *) kmap_atomic(pmd_page(*(dir)), KM_PTE1) + pte_index(addr))
#define pte_unmap(pte) kunmap_atomic(pte, KM_PTE0)
#define pte_unmap_nested(pte) kunmap_atomic(pte, KM_PTE1)
/*
* Encode and decode a swap entry.
* Note that the bits we use in a PTE for representing a swap entry
* must not include the _PAGE_PRESENT bit, the _PAGE_FILE bit, or the
*_PAGE_HASHPTE bit (if used). -- paulus
*/
#define __swp_type(entry) ((entry).val & 0x1f)
#define __swp_offset(entry) ((entry).val >> 5)
#define __swp_entry(type, offset) ((swp_entry_t) { (type) | ((offset) << 5) })
#define __pte_to_swp_entry(pte) ((swp_entry_t) { pte_val(pte) >> 3 })
#define __swp_entry_to_pte(x) ((pte_t) { (x).val << 3 })
/* Encode and decode a nonlinear file mapping entry */
#define PTE_FILE_MAX_BITS 29
#define pte_to_pgoff(pte) (pte_val(pte) >> 3)
#define pgoff_to_pte(off) ((pte_t) { ((off) << 3) | _PAGE_FILE })
/*
* No page table caches to initialise
*/
#define pgtable_cache_init() do { } while (0)
extern int get_pteptr(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t **ptep,
pmd_t **pmdp);
#endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
#endif /* _ASM_POWERPC_PGTABLE_PPC32_H */